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Copy of

by

richael smith

on 18 March 2015

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Transcript of Copy of

Person
-A-
Weaknesses
... I don't know about this ...
Try to ascertain ...
mood
ambitions
good/bad qualities
of the person in the drawing.
How to score the
draw-a-person test:
Draw-a-person (dap)
Subject forced to structure
unstructured situation
Subject reveals data about self
Based on basic, typical, unique personality dynamic
Subject will be present
in drawing:


OR
someone significant to them
strengths
1. Head
2. Hands, Arms, Shoulders
& Chest
3. Torso
4. Legs & Feet
Four Major Areas
Draw-A-Man test
1926
Florence Goodenough
Draw
FIRST formal drawing test
test
1. Aimless uncontrolled scribbling – score 0.
2. Lines somewhat controlled – approaches crude geometrical form – score 1.
Attempt to devalue the testing situation by drawing stick figures or minimal representations
Concern with artistic quality
"Sweeping and cavalier" assessment
ALONE based on psychodynamic theory & anecdotal observations

#2 Pencil

Paper
8 1/2 x 11"
administration:
Tools:
"Draw a person."
Instruction:
"Draw a person
of opposite gender."
Other Notable Specialists:
Bender
Buck
Hammer
Jolles
Machover
Observe:
Make Inquires:
Behavior of subject
Spontaneous verbalizations

estimate
the intellectual & cognitive abilities
of a
child
adapted in 1949
Projective Assessment of Personality
"draw a person test" (dap)
Adapted in 1991
Behavioral disorder
Emotional disturbances
Who is this?
How old are they?
Do you like them?
What are
they doing in
the picture?
What is their
favorite thing to do?
What is something they do not like?
Has anyone tried to hurt them?
"Make up a little story about this person."
Interpretation:
Conflict
Exaggeration
Omission
Distortion


Identify areas of:
*the head*
Locus of the sense of self / ego
Receive stimuli.
Organizes & interprets data.
Provides integration & intellectual control over the response system.
Serves as an INLET for taking things into the body & an OUTLET for aggression, friendliness &other feelings.
Intellectual aspirations & frustrations
Glamor aspirations (facial detail)
Oversensitivity
manifestations
Love & world of others=
Accepted / Rejected / Ignored
Contempt / Hatred / Deep Aggression (piercing eyes)
Suspiciousness
*Hands, Arms, Shoulders,
& Chest*
*THe Torso / Trunk*
*legs & feet*
Self Image
Ideal self image
Execute the demands of the brain & impulses of the body
Size
Strength
Degree of reach out
Degree of aggression
Signs of conflict
Reaching out for help?
Reaching out in aggression?
Fighting the world?
Pushing away from world?
note: Example observations:
"Front" presented to world
symbolic clothing
Indications of control:
Tie
Belt
Jewelery
Open / Emphasized:
Nudes
Bathing suites
Physical Impulses
Eyes & Ears:
Brain:

Mouth:
1. Autonomy
2. Self-motivation
3. Self-direction
4. Balance (emotional )
nOTABLE FEATURES:
INDICATE:
Symmetry
Asymmetry
Length
Gender of figure
size
shading
denial
eraser marks
line breaks
wavy lines
dim lines
breakdown
of motor
control

Each point is scored plus or minus.
One credit for each point scored plus no half credits given.
Preliminary Stage in which the drawing cannot be recognized as a human figure:
All drawings that can be recognized as attempts to represent the human figure.
Class A
Class b
"Draw A Person: Screening Procedure for emotional disturbances" (dap:sped)
Subjective
Projective Technique


Children under 13


Intelligence
Behavioral disorder
Emotional disturbances
Type of Test:

demographic:

Purpose:
possible Interpretations:
Therefore, DAP should be used with other tests!
Florence Goodenough. (n.d.). Retrieved March 18, 2015, from
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Florence_Goodenough

Gilbert, J. (1980). Interpreting psychological test data (Vol. II). New York:
VanNostrand Reinhold.

Gregory, R. (2011). Psychological testing: History, principles, and applications (6th
ed., pp. 314-372). Boston: Allyn & Bacon.

McElhaney, M. (1969). Clinical psychological assessment of the human figure
drawing. Springfield, Ill.: C.C. Thomas.

Urban, W. (1963). The Draw-a-person: Catalogue for interpretative analysis. Los
Angeles: Western Psychological Services.

References
Full transcript