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... I don't know about this ...
Try to ascertain ...
of the person in the drawing.
How to score the
Subject forced to structure
Subject reveals data about self
Based on basic, typical, unique personality dynamic
Subject will be present
someone significant to them
2. Hands, Arms, Shoulders
4. Legs & Feet
Four Major Areas
FIRST formal drawing test
1. Aimless uncontrolled scribbling – score 0.
2. Lines somewhat controlled – approaches crude geometrical form – score 1.
Attempt to devalue the testing situation by drawing stick figures or minimal representations
Concern with artistic quality
"Sweeping and cavalier" assessment
ALONE based on psychodynamic theory & anecdotal observations
8 1/2 x 11"
"Draw a person."
"Draw a person
of opposite gender."
Other Notable Specialists:
Behavior of subject
the intellectual & cognitive abilities
adapted in 1949
Projective Assessment of Personality
"draw a person test" (dap)
Adapted in 1991
Who is this?
How old are they?
Do you like them?
they doing in
What is their
favorite thing to do?
What is something they do not like?
Has anyone tried to hurt them?
"Make up a little story about this person."
Identify areas of:
Locus of the sense of self / ego
Organizes & interprets data.
Provides integration & intellectual control over the response system.
Serves as an INLET for taking things into the body & an OUTLET for aggression, friendliness &other feelings.
Intellectual aspirations & frustrations
Glamor aspirations (facial detail)
Love & world of others=
Accepted / Rejected / Ignored
Contempt / Hatred / Deep Aggression (piercing eyes)
*Hands, Arms, Shoulders,
*THe Torso / Trunk*
*legs & feet*
Ideal self image
Execute the demands of the brain & impulses of the body
Degree of reach out
Degree of aggression
Signs of conflict
Reaching out for help?
Reaching out in aggression?
Fighting the world?
Pushing away from world?
note: Example observations:
"Front" presented to world
Indications of control:
Open / Emphasized:
Eyes & Ears:
4. Balance (emotional )
Gender of figure
Each point is scored plus or minus.
One credit for each point scored plus no half credits given.
Preliminary Stage in which the drawing cannot be recognized as a human figure:
All drawings that can be recognized as attempts to represent the human figure.
"Draw A Person: Screening Procedure for emotional disturbances" (dap:sped)
Children under 13
Type of Test:
Therefore, DAP should be used with other tests!
Florence Goodenough. (n.d.). Retrieved March 18, 2015, from
Gilbert, J. (1980). Interpreting psychological test data (Vol. II). New York:
Gregory, R. (2011). Psychological testing: History, principles, and applications (6th
ed., pp. 314-372). Boston: Allyn & Bacon.
McElhaney, M. (1969). Clinical psychological assessment of the human figure
drawing. Springfield, Ill.: C.C. Thomas.
Urban, W. (1963). The Draw-a-person: Catalogue for interpretative analysis. Los
Angeles: Western Psychological Services.