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Sustainable Energy

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Allison Conn

on 17 April 2014

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Transcript of Sustainable Energy

energy.gov
Hydro Power
Wind
Natural Gas
CURRENT USES OF GEOTHERMAL ENERGY
Direct using
Hot springs
De-ice and de-frozen
Heat house and buildings

Ground-source heat pumps
Power plant
heating

HOW GEOTHERMAL WORKS
ucsusa.org
http://energy.gov/maps/2009-energy-consumption-person
GEOTHERMAL ENERGY SYSTEMS IN THE UNITED STATES
WHAT IS THE NEED?
QUESTION
Figure 4:Number of Geothermal Projects in Development by State and Phase
ENERGY SOURCES TO FOCUS ON
GEOTHERMAL AND THE ENVIRONMENT
WHAT IS HYDRO POWER?
Noise pollution
(1) the water turns the turbine runner
(2) which turns the generator
(3) that produces electrical power
(4) a transformer boosts the voltage for the national electricity grid
APPLETON, WISCONSIN
THE FIRT HYDROELECTRIC PLANT 1882
Air Pollution
Land Use
GRAND COULEE DAM, WASHINGTON STATE LARGEST HYDRO PLANT IN THE U.S.
Figure 11: Imperial Valley Power Plant Next to Productive Farmland
Figure 10: 30 Year Land Use

ENERGY SOURCES TO FOCUS ON
Cheapest way to generate electricity today
Long lifespan; very low operation and maintenance costs
Converts up to 95% of the energy of moving water into electricity
Potential
Completely Renewable
Figure 9:common sound level
ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT
Figure 2: three types of
geothermal plant
WHICH ENERGY SOURCE IS THE BEST
Figure 3: Geothermal Resource of the US
Figure 5: Annual US Installed Capacity 2005-2012 upon Conclusion of GEA Surveys
WHAT IS IT?
HOW DOES IT WORK?
Figure 5: Carbon dioxide release comparison
COSTS & BENEFITS
Figure 6: Nitrogen oxide release comparison
Figure 7: Sulfur dioxide release comparison
Figure 8: Particulate Matter Comparison
http://geo-energy.org/pdf/reports/2013AnnualUSGeothermalPowerProductionandDevelopmentReport_Final.pdf
http://geo-energy.org/pdf/reports/2013AnnualUSGeothermalPowerProductionandDevelopmentReport_Final.pdf
http://geo-energy.org/pdf/reports/2013AnnualUSGeothermalPowerProductionandDevelopmentReport_Final.pdf
http://geo-energy.org/pdf/reports/2013AnnualUSGeothermalPowerProductionandDevelopmentReport_Final.pdf
https://www.google.com/search?q=hydropower&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ei=I7UcU7GQH5LyrAHP3YDoBQ&ved=0CAcQ_AUoAQ&biw=1366&bih=673#facrc=_&imgdii=_&imgrc=6WYa3WXUjgYZaM%253A%3B-7KdML3cfo2k0M%3Bhttp%253A%252F%252Fimages.fastcompany.com%252Fupload%252Fhydropower2_large.jpg%3Bhttp%253A%252F%252Fwww.fastcompany.com%252F1597414%252Fhydropower-flush-cash-us-government%3B700%3B466
http://geo-energy.org/pdf/reports/2013AnnualUSGeothermalPowerProductionandDevelopmentReport_Final.pdf
http://geo-energy.org/pdf/reports/2013AnnualUSGeothermalPowerProductionandDevelopmentReport_Final.pdf
http://geo-energy.org/pdf/reports/2013AnnualUSGeothermalPowerProductionandDevelopmentReport_Final.pdf
http://geo-energy.org/pdf/reports/2013AnnualUSGeothermalPowerProductionandDevelopmentReport_Final.pdf


https://www.google.com/search?q=hydropower&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ei=I7UcU7GQH5LyrAHP3YDoBQ&ved=0CAcQ_AUoAQ&biw=1366&bih=673#q=hydropower+diagram&tbm=isch&facrc=_&imgdii=_&imgrc=s17lTDMXoODE5M%253A%3BiF--DRfA24T7FM%3Bhttp%253A%252F%252Fwww.schoolgen.co.nz%252Fimg%252Fdiagram_hydro.jpg%3Bhttp%253A%252F%252Fwww.schoolgen.co.nz%252Fstudents%252Four-generation%3B541%3B203
COSTS & BENEFITS
https://www.google.com/search?q=first+hydroelectric+power+plant+appleton&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ei=1bEdU4XuLaWOyAG7sYC4Cg&sqi=2&ved=0CAcQ_AUoAQ&biw=1366&bih=673#facrc=_&imgdii=_&imgrc=7JsqHlpHMIqtSM%253A%3BdWQBb61GcDyocM%3Bhttp%253A%252F%252Flh6.ggpht.com%252F-ts6gi5S8ips%252FUL_8VlcYlvI%252FAAAAAAAANos%252F6IBvPYdZi0U%252FModern%2525252520or%2525252520Quaint%2525252520power%2525252520in%2525252520Appleton%2525252520WI_thumb%252525255B7%252525255D.jpg%253Fimgmax%253D800%3Bhttp%253A%252F%252Fwisconsinconfidential.blogspot.com%252F2012%252F12%252Falternative-power-that-is-not-new.html%3B701%3B488
https://www.google.com/search?q=hydropower&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ei=I7UcU7GQH5LyrAHP3YDoBQ&ved=0CAcQ_AUoAQ&biw=1366&bih=673#q=grand+coulee+dam&tbm=isch&facrc=_&imgdii=_&imgrc=rV0zszeBWIjw5M%253A%3B4usNDvCtEjQMfM%3Bhttp%253A%252F%252Fupload.wikimedia.org%252Fwikipedia%252Fcommons%252Fthumb%252F1%252F1d%252FGrand_Coulee_Dam_Panorama_Smaller.jpg%252F1280px-Grand_Coulee_Dam_Panorama_Smaller.jpg%3Bhttp%253A%252F%252Fen.wikipedia.org%252Fwiki%252FGrand_Coulee_Dam%3B1280%3B763
https://www.google.com/search?q=hydropower&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ei=I7UcU7GQH5LyrAHP3YDoBQ&ved=0CAcQ_AUoAQ&biw=1366&bih=673#q=costs+and+benefits&tbm=isch&facrc=_&imgdii=_&imgrc=tmyE_vdgf-O7EM%253A%3By8EQENlWsMSzQM%3Bhttp%253A%252F%252Fwww.hardware-pacers.com%252Fcosts___benefits.jpg%3Bhttp%253A%252F%252Fwww.hardware-pacers.com%252FbryanHarte1.html%3B300%3B258
Benefits
Abundant resource
No pollution
High capacity

Costs
Restricted area
High initial Investment
The heat from the earth
WHAT IS GEOTHERMAL ENERGY
https://www.google.com/search?q=environmental+impact+of+hydropower&hl=en&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ei=HL4cU_mUK8upqwGBjoCAAQ&ved=0CAcQ_AUoAQ&biw=1366&bih=673#facrc=_&imgdii=_&imgrc=r0ztUU8Gny6TNM%253A%3B-8tVC6nCMNo22M%3Bhttp%253A%252F%252Famazonwatch.org%252Fassets%252Fimages%252Fthumbs%252F2013%252F0925-not-so-clean-hydropower-is-damming-us-all.jpg%3Bhttp%253A%252F%252Famazonwatch.org%252Fnews%252F2013%252F0925-not-so-clean-hydropower-is-damming-us-all%3B512%3B384
http://congressional.proquest.com.ezproxy.lib.indiana.edu/congressional/docview/t21.d22.crs-2012-rsi-0157?accountid=11620
Natural Gas
Geothermal
Hydroelectric
Wind
What is the most sustainable energy source to meet our energy consumption needs?
Based on cost geothermal was our final energy source to compare
http://congressional.proquest.com.ezproxy.lib.indiana.edu/congressional/docview/t21.d22.crs-2012-rsi-0157?accountid=11620
Natural Gas
(Fuel Cells)
Geothermal
Wind
Hydro Power
Alternative Energy Sources
Allison Conn
Sam Dragan
Natalie Lizak
Zhiyuan Xu
Figure 1:The Formation of a Geothermal Reservoir
geo-energy.org
Modern day wind mills
Uses natural wind and converts to energy
Three types of wind turbines
www.macalester.edu/maccares/Images/Turbine Scale - Windustry.jpg
canadianawareness.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/01/Wind+Turbine+2.jpg
HOW DOES IT WORK
energy.gov/eere/wind/how-does-wind-turbine-work
BENEFITS
NATURAL GAS
NATURAL GAS FUEL CELLS
“A cell producing an electric current directly from a chemical reaction” Dictionary.com

FUTURE OF FUEL CELLS
http://www.gizmag.com/

Geothermal
1. Wind causes the blades to spin
2. Blades alter directions to maximize power
3. Rotation of blades creates the shaft to spin
4. Shaft is connected to gear, increases rotation
5. In turn gear is connected to generator
6. Generator creates energy
7. Energy given to direct source or to substation
Low Costs
Increases Jobs
Not an Import
No water consumption
Clean
Growing
"Over the past 10 years, cumulative wind power capacity in the United States increased an average of 30% per year" - energy.gov
NEGATIVES
Visually Unappealing
Noisy
Threat to birds
May be too high of initial cost
Wind farms far from cities
Competing with other resources for land
ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT
http//:3.bp.blogspot.com/_Pc9OvootDDc/TStF031uU3I/AAAAAAAAANE/m9MPyD469-I/s1600/583_value1_5193.jpg
Reduced greenhouse gases
Conserves water used for energy
htt://awea.rd.net/Resources/Content.aspx?ItemNumber=5097
COMPARISONS
http://www.ceres.org/resources/reports/practicing-risk-aware-electricity-regulation
https://www.google.com/search?q=damcard1&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ei=I8YdU4_eEKeqyAGk7YGoBQ&ved=0CAgQ_AUoAg&biw=1366&bih=673#facrc=_&imgdii=_&imgrc=eODMt4aQMG8DqM%253A%3B0QbCmFfeWiYfZM%3Bhttp%253A%252F%252Fbojack.org%252Fimages%252Fdamcard1.jpg%3Bhttp%253A%252F%252Fbojack.org%252F2007%252F11%252F%3B521%3B386
12million cubic yards of concrete
sidewalk, 4ftw 4inth, equatorX2
highway Seattle WA --> Miami FL
Renewable. Sustainable.Water energy.
CONCLUSION
Geothermal
Wind
Natural Gas (Fuel Cells)
Hydro Power
google.com/images
google.com/images
Full transcript