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Body System Of The Arctic Wolf
Transcript of Body System Of The Arctic Wolf
We hope that after listing to our presentation you learned something about the arctic wolfs body system.
By: Chanpreet & Tasha
Hi today me and Chanpreet will be talking about the arctic wolf's body systems its: nervous system, skeletal system digestive, muscular, circulatory and respiratory system. So sit back and enjoy our presentation.
The nervous system controls and affects the wolfs thinking, breathing and movement. The nervous system can be broken into 2 parts, the first part is called the central nervous system (CNS) this part has the brain and spinal cord included. The second part is called the peripheral nervous system (PNS) this connects the brain with the spinal cord to the other parts of the wolfs body.
The digestion process starts at the mouth, the wolf swallows its food and it goes down to the stomach. Then the food goes to the first intestine, there acids and digestive juices turn the food into pulp, when the food reaches the large intestine the food goes slowly so that the last pieces of nutrients can be absorbed. Lastly the waste is passed to the rectum and it goes out through the anus.
All the cells in the wolfs body need oxygen and sugar glucose for breathing, the oxygen is given by the blood stream. The circulation process works in a closed system and the blood circulates, the blood is pumped under the pressure of the heart near the center of the chest. The wolf has four chamber hearts two atria and two ventricles, the left atrium receives blood from the lungs then it passes into the left ventricle. In the left ventricle it pumps oxygenated blood out through the large aorta, then the small arteries separate and carry blood to the rest of the body. After the process finishes the blood goes back to the heart and that is done by entering the right atrium and the right ventricles where the blood is pumped to the lungs
The wolf's body is made for traveling long distances and surviving the most diffucuilt situations. The wolfs bones need to be strong because it lets them survive the cold weather and push down snow. The arctic wolfs skelton is made acoording to what they do (running, jummping, catching food, etc).
Types of Muscles
The wolf is a very muscular animal, the wolf has three kinds muscles: smooth muscle, cardiac muscle and skeletal muscle, the smooth muscle lines the internal organs. The cardiac muscle keeps the heart beating at an average 120 a minute till the wolf dies, the third muscle is skeletal and this muscle controls its self.
Layers of the Muscles
In the wolfs body there are layers of muscles, the first layer of muscle is the cutaneous muscle, it lets the skin quiver and twitch and it also controls how the wolfs fur lies and it can also gain fat when the wolf is well fed. The second layer has the abdominal oblique which is formed like a cover around the trunk and limbs this helps keep the organ in place. The third layer, the muscle controls the posture and movement and it is symmetrically arranged in the wolf's body.
Basic Information of the Skeletal System
Cells that make the Skeleton
Four cells make up the bone of the wolf, these are the osteoprogenitor cells, osteoblast cells, osteocyte cells and osteoclasts cells. Osteoprogenitor cells are immature cells that are located in the bone marrow and membrane, they mature into the osteoblasts. Osteoblasts cells are cells that form the bone, osteoclasts cells dissolve bone tissue. Osteocytes cells have long branches that reach out from the cell body and communicate with other cells.
The wolf uses its mouth and nose to draw in air. The arctic wolf has a deep chest to hold its lungs and this lets the wolf breath deeply and this lets it do movements such as running. There are 2 main veins that lead to the heart, they stop the blood from going into the wrong direction. When oxygen is inhaled it goes to the red blood cells because of the large lungs.
The wolf has very sharp teeth that can rip through thick meat
When attacking they give their prey ferocious bites using their strong neck muscles
When the wolf is born the skull is made of many bones but as they grow they become one
Each wolf has their own scent.
The arctic wolf is the only type of wolf that is not endangered
The arctic wolf can live in the dark for a total of 5 months
Most arctic wolfs live in Alaska
Because of the ice age the wolf ended up in a very cold region, but they were able to adapt
Due to the location of the wolf they have very limited food
No other wolf in the world has the coloring of the arctic wolf
If the arctic wolf finds territory that is abandoned they will make it there own
The wolf has 42 sharp teeth
The arctic wolf does not have any human threats because it lives in cold weather
The main threats to the arctic wolf is the polar bear
The arctic wolf has two thick layers or fur because it lives in very cold weather
The arctic wolfs life span is 7-10 years in the wild
The mother of the wolves usually gives birth in the spring
The arctic wolf can go several days without feeding