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The 1980s

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by

Kasper Rasmussen

on 8 May 2014

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Transcript of The 1980s

Reagan, Bush and the End of the Cold War
Reagan and the Third World
Picking battles you can win - failure in Poland 1981

Central America - especially Nicaragua

Iran-contra
Question
Why did the Cold War end?
From Carter to Reagan
Reagan's goals were the same as most Cold War presidents - peace and prosperity

MEANS were different from Carter:
Talking the (tough) talk
Walking the (tough) walk
Reagan, Gorbachev and Nuclear Weapons
The 1980s
Bush and the End of History
What is the legacy of the Cold War - part 1
?
Ronald Reagan
High defence expenditures

Declaring the Soviet Union an "evil empire"

Building missiles and deploying them in Europe

Funding SDI

Only negotiating from a position of strength
Legal aid to contras in Nicaragua from 1981-1984

Reagan Administration continued aid through private donors and foreign governments - Enterprise set up to handle connection

1985: Seven Americans kidnapped in Lebanon - US was approached by arms dealer, who proposed selling arms to Iran for hostages

Money was funneled to contras

Operation was directed from the White House (Oliver North) and the CIA (William Casey)


Administration got caught in 1986, when a plane flown by CIA operatives was shot down in Nicaragua
Former actor, former Democrat, former governor of California (as a Republican)

The Reagan Revolution

Monetarism - supply-side economics

Supported by the right wing of the Republican Party
Mikhail Gorbachev
Gen. Sec. of the Communist Party, 1985-1991
Glasnost

Perestroika
Willingness on both sides to reach agreement

SDI was a problem

INF Treaty, 1987

Agreement to withdraw troops from Afghanistan, 1988
Francis Fukuyama

The End of History and the Last Man (1989)
Consensus - liberal, capitalist democracies are the wave of the future
George H. W. Bush, President, 1989-1993
1. Triumphalism - the US won by forcing the USSR out of the game

2. Protests in Eastern Europe

3. Gorbachev's reform policies and his withdrawal of the Red Army from Eastern Europe
Full transcript