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Transcript of The 1980s
Reagan and the Third World
Picking battles you can win - failure in Poland 1981
Central America - especially Nicaragua
Why did the Cold War end?
From Carter to Reagan
Reagan's goals were the same as most Cold War presidents - peace and prosperity
MEANS were different from Carter:
Talking the (tough) talk
Walking the (tough) walk
Reagan, Gorbachev and Nuclear Weapons
Bush and the End of History
What is the legacy of the Cold War - part 1
High defence expenditures
Declaring the Soviet Union an "evil empire"
Building missiles and deploying them in Europe
Only negotiating from a position of strength
Legal aid to contras in Nicaragua from 1981-1984
Reagan Administration continued aid through private donors and foreign governments - Enterprise set up to handle connection
1985: Seven Americans kidnapped in Lebanon - US was approached by arms dealer, who proposed selling arms to Iran for hostages
Money was funneled to contras
Operation was directed from the White House (Oliver North) and the CIA (William Casey)
Administration got caught in 1986, when a plane flown by CIA operatives was shot down in Nicaragua
Former actor, former Democrat, former governor of California (as a Republican)
The Reagan Revolution
Monetarism - supply-side economics
Supported by the right wing of the Republican Party
Gen. Sec. of the Communist Party, 1985-1991
Willingness on both sides to reach agreement
SDI was a problem
INF Treaty, 1987
Agreement to withdraw troops from Afghanistan, 1988
The End of History and the Last Man (1989)
Consensus - liberal, capitalist democracies are the wave of the future
George H. W. Bush, President, 1989-1993
1. Triumphalism - the US won by forcing the USSR out of the game
2. Protests in Eastern Europe
3. Gorbachev's reform policies and his withdrawal of the Red Army from Eastern Europe