Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

Spanish Colonization of Texas

No description
by

Megan Matthews

on 5 November 2012

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Spanish Colonization of Texas

•Characteristics of the Spanish Colonial period

Roman Catholic religion
Missions and Presidios
Civil Settlements
Canary Islanders
Founding of San Antonio
Camino Real Events during the Spanish Colonial period ◦1682 – Spaniards establish the first Texas mission at Corpus Cristi de la Ysleta
◦1731 – East Texas missions are moved to San Antonio
◦1718 – Founding of San Antonio
◦1782 – Mission San Jose is completed in San Antonio and other missions are built
◦1810 – Father Hidalgo’s speech encourages Mexicans, Texans, and others to fight for independence Characteristics of the Spanish Colonial period
Roman Catholic religion
Missions and Presidios
Civil Settlements
Canary Islanders
Founding of San Antonio
Camino Real Characteristics of the Spanish Colonial period
Roman Catholic religion
Missions and Presidios
Civil Settlements
Canary Islanders
Founding of San Antonio
Camino Real Food
Tortillas – Flat bread made of corn
Tamales – Dumpling made of corn flour and meat
Arts
Corridos – ballad
Frescos – Mural painting found in Catholic churches
Tejano Music – Music that originated from the cultural convergence of Spanish, German, Czech, and Polish music and instruments Religion
Roman Catholic Vocabulary
Vaquero – Spanish word for cowboy
Rodeo – A sport that is based on the skills of cowboys or vaqueros Place Names
Amarillo – In Spanish it means yellow. This was the color of the soil of the area and the beautiful wildflowers. Name by early settlers in this area.
Rio Grande – In Spanish it means “Big River”
Most Texas rivers and landforms EXAMPLES OF SPANISH INFLUENCE AND THE INFLUENCE OF OTHER CULTURES ON TEXAS Francisco Hidalgo (early 1700s)
Priest at Mission San Francisco de los Tejas
Contacted French Catholic priests to provide religious services to the local native people when Spanish priests aren’t available
Caused Spanish to be suspicious of French colonization Antonio Margil de Jesús (early 1700s)
Spanish Franciscan priest
Founded several missions in East Texas including Nuestra Señora de los Dolores and San Miguel de los Adaes
Due to the problems in East Texas, he moved to San Antonio and founded San Jose y San Miguel de Aguayo, one of the five missions in San Antonio today Fray Damián Massanet
Convinced the viceroy of New Spain to colonize East Texas and convert the Caddoes to Catholicism
1690 – Alonso De León, and Massanet were sent with several priest, and about 100 soldiers to colonize East Texas.
Resulted in many missions in East Texas even though they were failures Ranches
Ranching was more conducive to where missions and settlements were thriving (San Antonio). Cattle were easier to raise and protect than farming. Towns
Towns and settlements were built near the missions and colonists were brought in for colonies to grow and survive. The first group of colonists to establish a community was the Canary Islanders in San Antonio (1730). Missions
Missions were Spain’s main way of colonizing and were expected to support themselves. The first of missions were established in the El Paso area, then East Texas and finally in the San Antonio area. Missions were used to convert the Native Texans to the Catholic faith and make loyal subjects to Spain. Events during the Spanish Colonial period:
1682 – Spaniards establish the first Texas mission at Corpus Christi de la Ysleta
1718 – Founding of San Antonio
1731 – East Texas missions are moved to San Antonio
1782 – Mission San Jose is completed in San Antonio and other missions are built
1810 – Father Hidalgo’s speech encourages Mexicans, Texans, and others to fight for independence Spanish Colonial Architecture
Home – Hacienda
Presidio – Fort
Aceqias – wells (aquifer)
Adobe – brick
Arch – Style of architecture Spanish Colonial Consequences
Colonial Homes – built from timber and rocks
Dog Run Homes – built with a breezeway for shade and to catch the breeze
Home Furnishing – made from natural resources in the area
Buckskin Clothes – made from deer hide
Water Wells – built to acquire water near their home
Food – killed animals and grew crops José de Escandón (1750s)
Military commander and governor of Nuevo Santander (present-day Laredo and surrounding area)
Led Spain’s expansion effort in South Texas
Sent settlers, soldiers and priests to settle the lands between the Rio Grande and Nueces River establishing missions, presidios, and settlements
Moved La Bahia mission and presidio from the Guadalupe River to the present-day site of Goliad Characteristics of the Spanish Colonial period
Roman Catholic religion
Missions and Presidios
Civil Settlements
Canary Islanders
Founding of San Antonio
Camino Real
Full transcript