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Industrial Revolution

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by

Vanessa Patterson

on 27 January 2014

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Transcript of Industrial Revolution

The Industrial Revolution
By: Julia, Vanessa, John, and Jewels
Before the Revolution: We lived in a more agricultural society. Manufacturing was done at home by hand with tools or basic machines.
Textiles were produced on a small scale by a family unit in their house or a workshop.This was known as the domestic system.
Multiple families would help in producing certain products such as wool. One family would clean the wool, another would comb it, the next would spin it, and so on.
1813: Francis Cabot Lowell starts first American textile factory, taking America into the factory system.
James Hargreaves
invents the
Spinning Jenny.
It could spin cotton and produce cloth faster, allowing cloth to be made on a mass scale.
Due to these events, mass production was introduced.
Mass production made things cheaper for producer and consumer.
Jobs were lost because of machines and riots started.
Not all jobs were lost. Some still had to man the machines by cranking the wheel that spun the cotton.
Many migrated from rural areas to industrial areas to search for job opportunities in factories.
In other words, they "Did their work at home!"
Pros
Cons
Mass Production/Factory System
Not as much man power needed.
Worker's wages were lower.
Merchandise more affordable.
Not as many jobs available.
Cities underwent urbanization as more people came in, causing the need for cheap housing to go up.
Before the Revolution: America was a agricultural society. Manufacturing was done at home by hand with tools or basic machines.
As a result of this urbanization, our world has turned from an agricultural society into a society that is highly dependent on the impact of the Industrial revolution.
Full transcript