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Gender values changing South Korea

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by

Mia Åberg

on 12 March 2014

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Transcript of Gender values changing South Korea

The question
Is the Korean society becoming more gender equal?
The literature
Four articles from chapter five; “Marriage, Family and Women in Society” in
Kim, Kyong-dong & The Korea Herald (red.) Social Change in Korea.
Seoul: Jimoondang, 2008

Eun, Ki-soo. “Family values changing – but still conservative.”
Lee, On-jook. “More gender equality, but women still held back.”
Lee, Mi-jeong. “Dual earners call for family-friendly society.”
Lee, Jae-kyug. “Changing family and women in the ubiquitous age.”
Gender values - then and now
1960s ->:

Developing into a modern society

Still strict gender division

“...men must provide for the family by working outside the home, and women should be in charge of household work and child care” (Eun 2008:148).
Gender values - then and now
1980s ->:

Women's rise in education, society and economy -challenging family values and gender roles.

Resignation from work when getting married.
Gender values - then and now
2000s -> :

Contradictory norms.

"Dual earner couples" - raising number of working wives.

"Second shift" - mandatory for Korean women.
Focus -
Changing Gender Values
Short span of time
Ongoing
Then and now
Future prospects
Gender values - then and now
The origin:

Family values - division of gender roles among married men and women.

Confucianism - national ideology during Joseon era (1390 to 1890).
Gender values - then and now
Fathers and Child nurturing

Parental leave - 0.5% between 2004 and 2006.

Surrounding opinions

"the young fathers who want to be seriously involved in rearing children realize that Korean society is not ready for men to take on the role.” (Lee 2008:182)
Social Change
in South Korea

Today's values
Gender roles - not that big of a change

Women's participation in education and the labor force - a tremendous development.

Family norms maintain a “male-centered” and “female-subordinated” structure.
Future prospects

Only the man provides economic support - negative effects on the economy of most families.

Future steps for gender equality - a “second shift” for both men and women.
Interesting observation

One out of six authors is male
Thank you!
Full transcript