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Why do we need assessment?

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by

Daniel Ragusa

on 19 January 2016

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Transcript of Why do we need assessment?

Why do we need assessment?
Table of contents
What is assessment
quality standards
validity
reliability
practicability
fairness
variety of assessment tasks
examples
self-assessment
work cited
Assessment
Task types
Record keeping
Advantages
Challenges
Teacher Assessment
(TA) Informal
TA
: Semi-structured
TA:
formal "tests"
Peer Assessment
Self-assessment
Variety of tasks
(speaking and
listening)
Variety of tasks
(speaking and
listening)
Paper and
pencil tasks
Partner tasks
Portfolio tasks
Checklists
Checklists and
structured
observation
sheets
Test Scores
Observation Sheets
Self-assessment
sheets
Easy to realize
Valid and fair
Easy to do, reliable
Highly
supportive
of learner
engagement
Promotes
confidence
and learning
awareness
Not very reliable,
possibly unfair
Time constraints,
possible conflict
between
reliability and fairness
limited validity
and fairness,
very limited use
in the primary classroom
Training required,
demand of
social skills
Requires
committed
and qualified
teachers
What is assessment?

quote: http://www.pestalozzischule-weilburg.de/index.php?id=25
fairness
Quality standards
for good
assessing
validity
reliability
Is it really possible to ensure objectivity?
dt: Objektivität
fairness
transparancy
how to achieve objectivity?
dt.: Gültigkeit
do I measure the features I want to measure
- and nothing else?
dt: Zuverlässigkeit
repetition should come to the same results
possible?
refers to the process and method of testing
what to measure?
how to measure it?
refers to the subject and result of testing
how to guarantee reliability?
how to gain validity?
practicability
Now it's your turn
groupwork
you want to test your students on specific competences.
consider different types of tasks.
record and present your results afterwards.
think of the quality standards
in which form do you want to test?
e.g. oral, written, whole class, single students...
what kind of task type do you choose?
e.g. MPC, yes/no-tests, fill-in-the-gap-texts...
how do you assess?
to remain objectivity
Dilemma
Variety of Assessment tasks
important to test
different
competences with
different
tasks
avoids to prepare only for tests
more interesting
diversified
fulfills differentiation
it's about the result
it's about the method
What exactly do we want to assess?
Same test, different teacher, same result?
it's about objectivity
teaching focus on speaking and listening
vs.
testing focus on reading and writing

classroom assessment
Testing
teacher assessment
peer assessment
self-assessment
How should we assess?
"The most reliable assessment will be pencil and paper tests in which each item measures only a single aspect of a skill and which give each testee a numerical mark. But the most valid assessment will be those that collect a lot of information about performance on several aspects of a skill."
Lynne Cameron
practicability
it's about the circumstances
Assess 25 students in 2 lessons per week?
speaking competences
listening competences
intercultural competences
reading & writing competences
keep in mind:
?
be creative
connect different type of tasks
deal with intercultural topics (vocabulary)
eg. Halloween, St.-Patrick's Day, Thanksgiving
Self-Assessment
the language portfolio
language-passport
language-biography
dossier
Example of portfolio-sheets
language-pass
language-biography
dossier - "treasure chest"
Advantages and Challenges
What do you think?
Work Cited
for further reading:
http://www.sprachenportfolio.de/PDF/GrundportfolioOnline.pdf
Literature
LEGUTKE, MICHAEL; MÜLLER-HARTMANN, ANDREAS; SCHOCKER V. DITFURTH, MARITA (2012):
Teaching English in the Primary School
. Stuttgart: Klett. Pages 122-130.
ELNSER, DANIELA (2010):
Englisch in der Grundschule unterrichten. Grundlagen, Methoden, Praxisbeispiele
. München: Oldenbourg Verlag. Pages 153-162.
EHLERS, GISELA; KÖRBY, UTA; GEBHARD, INGRID (erarb. von) (2012):
London Bridge 1: Fördermaterialen. Lehrerausgabe mit Lernstandsermittlung und Audio-CD
. Braunschweig: Diesterweg Verlag.
Videos


Internet:
http://www.pestalozzischule-weilburg.de/index.php?id=25
self-awareness
reflection on
aims & competences
documenting one's
own way of learning
individually
independent
good for transition
help for assisstance measures
nice to review
enhances creativity
involves some risks
completely on
student's own authority
not assessed by teachers at all
no correction of mistakes
no common practice
needs excessive teacher input
no matter of course
Full transcript