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Parts of Speech
Transcript of Parts of Speech
name, place or thing . Concrete nouns A concrete noun is a thing that we can touch whit our hands and is a thing that we can see. Abstract nouns The abstract nouns is the type of nouns that we can't touch with our hands or we can't see. A common noun names a person ,
place or thing that can be perceived by one or more of the senses. Example: woman, tree, rocket. Example: Diego, Guatemala, Mars. Example: Moon, pencil, dish, pet Example: hope, happy, sad, gentility. Collective nouns A collective noun names a group of things, animals or people. Example: Swarm, organization,
choir, team. Compound nouns A compound noun consists of two
or more words used together as one
noun. Example: highway, high school,
son-in-law. Pronouns A pronoun takes the place of one or more nouns or pronouns Parts of speech Example: jay enjoys hiking and camping; in fact,
they are his two favorite pastimes. personal pronouns A personal pronoun refers to the one speaking(first person), the one spoken to (second person), or the one spoken about(third person). example: we told them that they could go with us Reflexive and intensive pronouns A reflexive pronoun refers to the subject of the verb and functions as a complement or as the object of a preposition Example: Mary excused herself from the table A intensive pronoun emphasizes its antecedent a noun or another pronoun. Example: martin Velazquez himself wrote the script Demonstrative pronouns A demonstrative pronouns points out a noun or another pronoun Example: this, that, these, those.
Is this the one you want? Interrogative pronouns An interrogative pronouns introduces a question Example: Who whom, whose, which, what.
Whose is the blue sweater? Relative pronouns A relative pronoun introduces a subordinate clause Example: that, which, whom, whose, who
the bicycle that I chose is in new York Indefinite pronouns An indefinite pronoun refers to a person,a place, a thing, or an idea that may or may not be specifically named. In other words, the pronoun may not have a specific antecedent. Example: All of the people have voted. The adjective An adjective modifies a noun or a pronoun, and adjective tells what kind, which one, how many, or how much Example:
What kind: blue eyes.
which one: These pencils.
How many: few apples
How much: some milk Type of pronouns Main verbs and helping verbs A verb expresses action or a state of being.
A main verb is the principal verb of a sentence, and a
helping verb is an auxiliary verb to make up a verb phrase. A modal is a helping verb that is joined with a main verb Example:
verbs: A pair of robins landed in the tree. example:
verb phrases: The concert has been canceled. Example:
modals: if you must go outside in this weather, you should wear a good hat Action verbs An action verb expresses either physical or mental activity. Example:
Physical activity: run, draw, push.
Mental activity: think remember. Type of verbs Linking verbs A linking verb connects the subject to a word or word group that identifies or describes the subject Example: this meal smells delicious. Transitive verbs A transitive verb has an object - a word that tells who or what receives the action. Example: Becky gave her speech first Intransitive verb An intransitive verb does not have an object. Example: Rain has been falling for the last three hours. Adverbs An adverbs modifies a verb, an adjective, or another adverb. Example: He spoke loudly and slowly. An adverb tells how, when, where, or to what extend. The preposition A preposition shows the relationship of a noun or pronoun, called the object of the preposition, to another word. Example:
The water flowed over the rocks.
The water flowed around the rocks. The conjunction A conjunction joins words or word groups A coordinating conjunction joins words or word groups that are used in the same way. Example: we missed the opening scene, but we enjoyed the rest of the play. Correlative conjunctions are pairs of conjunctions that join words or word groups that are used in the same way. Example: Either Mario or Maria will bring music for the party. A subordinating conjunction begins a subordinate clause and connects it to an independent clause Example: when I saw the headline, I gasped. The interjection An interjection expresses emotion and has no grammatical relation to the rest of the sentence Example:
Yes! that's right!
No! you lose!