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Convulsions

Junior Health Project
by

Genna Bongiovanni

on 28 May 2010

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Transcript of Convulsions

Convulsions A convulsion is a major motor seizure, also known as a grand mal seizure. It is the most severe type of seizure.

It is a neurological medical condition where the body muscles contract and relax rapidly and repeatedly, resulting in an uncontrolled shaking of the body.

Epilepsy is a condition in which a person frequently experiences seizures.

By Genna Bongiovanni What are they? Common causes alcohol/drug use
or withdrawal Brain illness or injury electric shock fever heat illness stroke toxemia of pregnancy uremia poisoning Symptoms Brief blackout followed by period of confusion
Drooling or foaming at the mouth
Eye movements
Grunting and snorting
Loss of bladder or bowel control
Sudden falling
Teeth clenching
Temporary halt in breathing
Uncontrollable muscle spasms with twitching and jerking limbs
Unusual behavior
Beforehand the person may have:
fear or anxiety nausea vertigo visual symptoms What to do: Protect the seizing person from injury as best you can. Lay the person on the ground in a safe area. Clear the area of furniture or other sharp objects.
Cushion the person's head.
Loosen tight clothing, especially around the person's neck.
Turn the person on his or her side. If vomiting occurs.
Look for a medical I.D. bracelet with seizure instructions.
Stay with the person until he or she recovers, or until you have professional medical help, monitoring the person's vital signs in the mean time. What NOT to do: try to restrain the person.
place anything between the person's teeth during a seizure (including your fingers).
move the person unless he or she is in danger or near something hazardous.
try to make the person stop convulsing. (He or she has no control over the seizure and is not aware of what is happening at the time).
give the person anything by mouth until the convulsions have stopped and the person is fully awake and alert. Call 911 if: This is the first time the person has had a seizure.
A seizure lasts more than 2 to 5 minutes.
The person does not awaken or have normal behavior after a seizure.
Another seizure starts soon after a seizure ends.
The person had a seizure in water.
The person is pregnant, injured, or has diabetes.
The person does not have a medical ID bracelet.
There is anything different about this seizure compared to the person's usual seizures. Most seizures are idiopathic, meaning there is no known cause. However, some of the common known causes are:
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