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Carl Sandburg 1878-1967

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Lindsey Rhodes

on 13 March 2013

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Transcript of Carl Sandburg 1878-1967

Adulthood Life The Sandburg family then moved to Chicago, where Carl became a writer for the Chicago Daily News ( 1919-1930). A publisher, A Magazine of Verse, began to publish Sandburg's poems, encouraging him to continue writing in the free verse. Early Adulthood Life When Carl Sandburg was seventeen years old he traveled west to Kansas to be a hobo. Early Life Carl Sandburg was born in a modest three bedroom cottage on 313 East Third Street, in Galesburg, Illinois, on January 6, 1878, to Swedish immigrants, August and Clara Johnson. He was the second of their seven children. Carl Sandburg: a Pulitzer Prize winner What do you think? Chicago was published in 1916 and is now considered to be one of the best known works of the century in American literature. By: Lindsey Rhodes and Caroline Evatt Carl Sandburg 1878-1967 Carl dropped out of school at the age of thirteen, to do odd jobs such as, dishwashing and brick laying, to help his poor family back home. During the Spanish-American war he served eight months in Puerto Rico. While in the war Sandburg met a student from Lombard College. After the war Sandburg enrolled in Lombard College. He attended Lombard for four years but never recieved a diploma. Sandburg's professor at Lambard College, who encouraged his writing, paid for the publication of Sandburg's first volume of poetry, Reckless Ectasy. After college Carl moved to Milwaukee. There he worked as an advertising writer and a newspaper reporter. There he met and married Lillian Steichen. Sandburg then worked for the Socialist-Democratic party in Wisconsin, and later acted as secretary to the first Socialist mayor of Milwaukee ( 1910-1912). Abraham Lincoln: The War Years won him a Pulitzer Prize in 1940 Complete Poems: won Sandburg a second Pulitzer prize in 1951. Chicago Analyzing Chicago What is the speaker speaking about? Analyzing Chicago The title: in 1913 the Sandburgs moved to Chicago where Carl was employed as an editor of a business magazine and published works in the International Socialist Review Analyzing Chicago Speaker: Sandburg, who is someone in Chicago, that is seeing and experiencing the lifestyle of the city. To whom is the Speaker speaking to? The upperclass people, who dont have jobs that require physical labor. Who are looking down upon Chicago, and the men who work in the industry, because Chicago is considered a worthless city. Sandburg is recognizing the flaws of the city, but he thinks it's strength and vitality outweigh its flaws. He sees the city as young, raw, and American. Sandburg is trying to show that pride can be achived by hardwork. Chicago was written at the beginning of the 20th century, when Chicago had developed a bad repuation. Figurative Language By addressing the city directly, he personifies it, making it easier for the reader to visualize and identify the city. Carl Sandburgs direct address to the city of Chicago is an example of apostrophe. Example of Simile in Chicago: " Fierce as a dog with tounge lapping for action, cunning as a savage pitted against the wilderness." Tone Sandburg's tone in the poem is, that he doesnt much care for Chicago's critics. He uses words such as "sneer" to describe their attitudes. Theme The Bad side of people is the first thing that people see, but even evil people have good sides to them. Sandburg is keeping the idea of "The American Dream", that a good work ethic will lead to pride. Sandburg grew up having to work to sustain himself. The idea of a good work ethic shows up in many of his works. Rhyme scheme The rhyme scheme in this poem is free verse. He repeats words such as "laughing" and "they tell me". symbols Sandburg doesn't use any symbols in this poem. He keeps things very simple and true to themselves. Diction The diction of this poem furthers the effect that it has. While talking about the drudging work that the men have to endure, Sandburg uses words like "shoveling", "breaking","toil", and "wrecking". Sandburg uses the word "sneer" to help get the point across. When hearing the title Chicago, what can you infer the poem will be about? I AM THE PEOPLE, THE MOB



I AM the people--the mob--the crowd--the mass.

Do you know that all the great work of the world is

done through me?

I am the workingman, the inventor, the maker of the

world's food and clothes.

I am the audience that witnesses history. The Napoleons

come from me and the Lincolns. They die. And

then I send forth more Napoleons and Lincolns.

I am the seed ground. I am a prairie that will stand

for much plowing. Terrible storms pass over me.

I forget. The best of me is sucked out and wasted.

I forget. Everything but Death comes to me and

makes me work and give up what I have. And I

forget. Sometimes I growl, shake myself and spatter a few red
drops for history to remember. Then--I forget.
When I, the People, learn to remember, when I, the
People, use the lessons of yesterday and no longer
forget who robbed me last year, who played me for
a fool--then there will be no speaker in all the world
say the name: "The People," with any fleck of a
sneer in his voice or any far-off smile of derision.
The mob--the crowd--the mass--will arrive then. Apostrophe- denotes a figure of speech in which someone absent, inanimate or dead is addressed as if were alive and present and able to reply. Figurative Language Sandburg makes an allusion to Napoleon Bonaparte and Abraham Lincoln. He is showing that great leaders and successful people come from the working class. " I am a prairie that will stand for much plowing" is an example of a metaphor. Sandburg uses the metaphor to show a difficult task that working class people had to accomplish. " I spatter a few red drops for history to remember, then i forget." is a use of imagery. Sandburg uses the words "spatter" and "red" to show the rigor of the the work. It shows pain and hardship. Tone The tone of the story is fast, steady, and constant. It allows for there to be no questions on Sandburg's opinion towards the working class. Theme In I am the people, the mob, Sandburg creates a theme of stability and confidence. He wants to show that anything can be acomphished through hard work and praises the working class by showing the hard labor they have to endure. Carl Sandburg's North Carolina Home Carl Sandburg's North Carolina home is located in Flat Rock. When Carl died in 1967, his wife Lillian was determined to keep his Legacy alive. She gave her support to congressman Roy Taylor and Secretary of the Interior Stewart Udall in authorizing the Carl Sandburg Home as a National Park. " Nothing happens unless we dream." - Carl Sandburg Rhyme Scheme The Rhyme Scheme is considered "free verse" because there is not a true pattern. The poem flows on it's own without a rhyme scheme. Instead he uses repition. He repeats the words "I am" starting at the beginning of a new line. Significance of the title. The title is concerning the common people. They are the majority who take on the tasks of daily life. What do you think the poem I am the people, the mob will be about? Why do you think the author gave the poem its title? Speaker The speaker is someone who lives in the city, such as Sandburg. The speaker is someone who is having to work hard to sustain themselves, as well as supply the city with materials and services. The speaker is like an engine who is fueling the city. What is the speaker speaking about? The speaker is speaking about the city life. He is allowing us to know all of the difficult task that have to be accomplished in order for the city to function properly. The speaker shows that the city consists of a series of chain reactions. If the foundation, or working class, are not there then the city cannot function because they keep the world growing. Who is the speaker speaking to? The speaker is speaking to the upper class society. The speaker is trying to show that the lower class does all of the work while the upper class takes the credit for it. Symbols Abraham Lincoln is a symbol of the American spirit. Lincoln was imprinted with the events of the past. He is a symbol of hard work and change. Diction Sandburg uses "street talk", or common talk. He uses repetition of phrases such as, "I am" and "I forget", which allows him to get his point across. He also uses words such as "death" and "terrible" to emphasize the amount and rigor of the work that was done. Response why do you think the author gave the poem its title. ? Song Journal August Johnson changed the family name to Sandburg after encountering many August Johnsons on the railroad.
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