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Norwegian Criminal Justice System
Transcript of Norwegian Criminal Justice System
Size: 148,747 sq. miles
Climate: Temperate with warm summers -Population: 5,017,518
-Population is increasing
-Mostly northern Germanic descent, with 13.2% of the population being immigrants. -Mainly Caucasian and largely Catholic.
-Language: Bokmal and Nynorsk (95%) Police Norwegian Police Services
-National police force
-27 Districts with 1 Chief of Police in each
-Firearms are not carried. They are left in the car unless the officer is assigned to a special unit.
-Decentralized and generalized police force
-Budget: 13 billion NOK (~2.24 billion USD)
-911=112 Government Unitary Parliamentary Democracy
-Monarch acts as the Head of State, but is still part of a democratic parliament, similar to Great Britain
-Current Monarch is Harald V
Death penalty was abolished in 1979
-National Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
-International Code Council (ICC)
-United Nations (UN) Courts Judiciary of Norway
-A mixture of Customary, Civil, and Common Law legal traditions
-Creates and regulates laws
-Supreme Court made of 19 judges
-Also Court of Appeals, 83 District Courts, Conciliation Courts, and Special Courts that handle industrial disputes and land consolidation. Corrections Common Sentences -Waiver of Prosecution-the offender is recorded in the National Register of Convictions and let off with a warning.
-Fine-money is paid to the state without a court case. This is often used for small crimes, such as traffic violations.
-Suspended Prison Sentence-an offender is excused from a prison sentence with certain stipulations: they must remain crime free for two years or they will have to serve all suspended sentences as well as any new ones.
-Immediate Prison Sentence-an offender must serve a prison sentence. The maximum amount of time an offender can be sentenced to prison is 21 years, and they often have the chance for parole after serving two-thirds of their sentence. -Rehabilitative, not retributive
-Based on the belief that loss of liberty is the punishment for a crime and that horrible conditions are not necessary
-Fewer than 4,000 prisoners
-Less than 30% recidivism rate
-Seeks to treat prisoners with respect and help them learn responsibility and other life-skills. Group Aric Ashby
Courtney Weatherbee Crime - Norway vs. United states (.2% of population) (5% of population) Crime Statistics Bastoy Prison -Largest low security prison in Norway
-Island bound on Oslo Fiord
-Lowest re-offending rate in Europe
-115 Prisoners, usually with 2-5 years left on their sentence
-Three daily head counts
-Prisoners live in a community setting
-About 8 inmates to a "house" with one inmate House Leader. Each prisoner has his own bedroom and each house has it's own own bathroom and shower facilities and full kitchen, where inmates prepare two of their daily meals themselves. Terrorism-Anders Breivik -Born February 13, 1979
-Was charged and found guilty of terrorism, high treason, and crimes against humanity for the attacks in Norway on July 22, 2011
-Homemade bombs were placed in government buildings and the Prime Minister's car. These killed 8 people and injured over 200 more.
-Breivik dressed as a police officer and went to a youth summer camp, killing 69 people and injuring over 100 others.
-The youngest victim was a 14 year old girl. Others included the step-brother of the Crown Princess and personal friends of the Prime Minister.
-Deadliest attack in Norway since World War II
-Breivik was given the harshest Norwegian sentence, which is 21 years in prison, with a repeatable 5 year extension possible for as long as he remains a threat to society. Demographics Economy -Currency: krone ($1USD=5.80NOK)
-Unemployment Rate: 3%
-GDP: $265.9 billion
-$53,471 per capita
-70.5 Economic Freedom Score (10.9 points above the world average and 5.5 points below the US)
-Positive trade relations with the US History -Descendants of Vikings
-In the 9th century, Harald Fairhair became the first King of Norway and began the conversion to Christianity
-In 1350, the Black Plague had killed over a third of the Norwegian population. The weakened country then joined with Sweden and Denmark at the Union of Kalmar in 1397 and was under Danish rule
-Norway emerged as it's own country in 1905 Trial Proceedings -Professional judges are always lawyers
-There are lay-judges that are ordinary people who have been appointed
-In serious crimes, a jury of 5 men and 5 women decides the verdict
-A defendant is entitles to have a defense lawyer, and will be appointed one if need be.
-The prosecutor presents the charges and proposes the punishment Scenario -A prosecutor would have to authorize a warrant for our arrest
-We, as foreigners, would be detained outside of the normal arrest process until we could be identified
-The police would have four hours to file a justification for further detention
-We would have to be moved from our temporary cells into prison cells within 48 hours
-Arraignment would take place within 24 hours
-In court, we'd be given an attorney and presumed innocent until proven guilty.
-A jury of 5 men and 5 women would decide our fates
-If convicted, we would spend a maximum of 21 years in prison with a parole option after 13 years, but it would probably be less than that for a first offense. Assessment After extensive research, we have concluded that Norway has an effective, efficient, and fair criminal justice system that is superior to many in the world at bettering criminals and making them productive members of society.
Norway's recidivism rates, crimes per capita, and average sentence times are proof that their dedication to restorative, rather than retributive, justice is working.
Though some of you may think that Norwegians are too lenient with their criminals, the crime statistics clearly show that there is a great benefit to treating prisoners like human beings that can one day become functioning members of society again. Police Procedure -There are policies against arbitrary arrests or invasions of privacy
-A prosecutor must sign all warrants for arrest
-Those charged with minor crimes usually get released until sentencing and those accused of serious crimes are held in prison
-Police must file a justification for holding a prisoner within four hours of arrest
Detainees are often given access to family members
-Suspects must be arraigned within 24 hours
-After 48 hours, prisoners must be moved from the temporary holding cells into a prison cell Sources -Cappelans, J.W. "The Court System." The Court System. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Mar. 2013. <http://introengelsk.cappelendamm.no/c35017/artikkel/vis.html?tid=35604>
-"The Police in Norway." N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Mar. 2013. <https://www.politi.no/vedlegg/rapport/Vedlegg_858.pdf>
-James, Erwin. "The Norwegian Prison Where Inmates Are Treated like People." The Guardian. Guardian News and Media, 24 Feb. 2013. Web. 28 Mar. 2013. <http://www.guardian.co.uk/society/2013/feb/25/norwegian-prison-inmates-treated-like-people>
-"Norwegian Crime Statistics - How Norway Compares." NationMaster.com. NationMaster, n.d. Web. 28 Mar. 2013. <http://www.nationmaster.com/country/no-norway/cri-crime>.
-"Anders Behring Breivik." 2013. The Biography Channel website. Mar 28 2013, 12:20 http://www.biography.com/people/anders-behring-breivik-20617893.
-"Stupid Laws in Norway." Stupid Laws in Norway. Internet Staff, Inc., n.d. Web. 28 Mar. 2013. <http://www.stupidlaws.com/laws/countries/norway/>
-"Big Government. Small Brains. Dumb Laws." Dumb Laws in Norway. Crazy Norway Laws. We Have Weird Laws, Strange Laws, and Just Plain Crazy Laws! The Dumb Network, LLC, n.d. Web. 28 Mar. 2013. <http://www.dumblaws.com/laws/norway> Silly Norwegian Laws -You must purchase a license for TVs and VCRs
-You cannot spay your female cat or dog. Males can be neutered.
-If you challenge a man to a fist fight to the death, he must accept or pay four deer as a penalty
-Children over the age of 12 cannot tell knock-knock jokes
-Male Norwegians must go on an expedition of rape and plunder every 5 years Bastoy Prison Cont. -Four separate work units for prisoners to join where they earn money to purchase goods from the prison
-Full church, school, library, and mini-mart for grocery and amenity shopping
-During free time, prisoners make purchase and ride bicycles, watch television, read, go swimming, and various other activities.
-Goal of the prison is to teach inmates responsibility and motivation and to socialize them for the outside world. Culture -Rural culture is embraced. Citizens are encouraged to avoid moving to urban centers
-"Natural areas" are added to larger cities to balance urbanization
-Second largest world exporter of oil and natural gas-National health care system
-Gender equality-Gender neutral marriage laws have been in effect since 2009