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Corruption and Forests – Threats and responses for REDD+

U4 Anti-Corruption Resource Centre www.u4.no (Chr. Michelsen Institute, Norway)
by

Kirsty Cunningham

on 2 October 2013

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Transcript of Corruption and Forests – Threats and responses for REDD+

CORRUPTION
AND
FORESTS

THREATS AND RESPONSES
FOR REDD+

Most biodiversity
hotspots
are in countries perceived to be medium to highly corrupt
Corruption linked to forests can have severe
impacts
Illegal logging and corruption can reduce biodiversity;
destroying
ecosystems
The illegal timber trade involves corruption and is
unsustainable
.
It threatens long-term revenues and livelihoods
REDD+
= initiatives to

R
educe
E
missions

from
D
eforestation
and

Forest
D
egradation

REDD+
schemes offer financial incentives to protect forests by:
Corruption is a
risk
for REDD+
Land grabbing

Manipulated
reporting
Embezzlement
and
elite capture
REDD+ benefits should be fairly distributed. But revenues are vulnerable to embezzlement and could end up
enriching the few
Anti-corruption
approaches for REDD+
Use
anti-corruption
diagnostics
corruption risk assessments
political economy analyses
institutional integrity assessments
+
+
give you an idea of...
...where
Transparency International's
Corruption Perceptions Index 2012
...and
The financial incentives to protect forests increases the value of the land it stands on. Opportunists may
secure land ownership
by corrupt means
REDD+ funding depends on measurement and reporting of reforestation and forest protection efforts. Corruption, fraud and conflicts of interest can lead to information being manipulated to
capture maximum funds
... this information
is crucial for
there is corruption
who the
actors
are
Measuring deforestation
(here in Borneo) depends on
accurate reporting
formulating
anti-corruption strategies
+
Design
monitoring and reporting to
detect
possible corruption

Add
citizens' inputs

as a check !
Reporting
from

project sites
Citizen

monitoring
procedures
Controls
by
auditors
and
evaluators
The

monitoring process
Example
An
Extreme Citizen Science
project
by UCL
http://uclexcites.wordpress.com
Participatory mapping
in Congo-Brazzaville
Local people report
on the behaviour of
logging companies

+
Improve general forest
law enforcement
and

governance
Stopping
forest
destruction
Using
forests
sustainably
Recovering
degraded
land
Maintaining
forested
peatland
www.conservation.org
REDD+ schemes

High levels
of general
corruption
and
illegality
mean that...

...so we need
broad initiatives
to improve forest
governance and
law enforcement
are
at risk
from corruption!
Example
EU
FLEGT
F
orest
L
aw
E
nforcement,
G
overnance and
T
rade
exclude illegal timber from markets
improve supply of legal timber
increase demand for responsible wood products
Exclude illegal
timber from
markets
Improve supply of
legal timber
Increase demand
for responsible
wood products

FLEGT
V
oluntary
P
artnership
A
greements
Interactive map of FLEGT projects
http://ec.europa.eu/europeaid/temp/flegt/
Click the link to launch the map...
Click to watch a 4-minute film...
+
http://www.euflegt.efi.int/
Make
data
and
information accessible
FLEGT works to
Accurate monitoring of REDD+ activities depends on reliable and accessible data and information
Stakeholders often need
better
data and information than they currently have
The
World Resources Institute's
Global Forest Watch
a near real-time system to fight deforestation using
satellite technology
data sharing
human networks

Click the link for more details about Global Forest Watch...
http://www.wri.org/gfw2
Need more info?
U4 REDD Integrity
theme
http://www.u4.no/themes/redd-integrity
Other portals
UN REDD programme
http://www.un-redd.org
World Resources Institute - REDD pages
http://www.wri.org/topics/redd
Centre for International Forestry Research
http://www.cifor.org
Global Witness - forest pages
http://www.globalwitness.org/campaigns/environment/forests
REDD Monitor
http://www.redd-monitor.org
TI Climate Governance Integrity Programme
http://www.transparency.org/global_priorities/other_thematic_issues/climate_governance
Interpol/UNEP - Project Leaf
http://www.interpol.int/Crime-areas/Environmental-crime/Projects/Project-LEAF



Example...
Greenpeace Esperanza
wild sumatra
ggallice
joelv_ph
onkel wart
(thomas lieser)
Greenpeace
Greenpeace Esperanza
plur44
Conservation.org
Ana_Cotta
Hungarian Spectrum
reactproject.org
Tuca Vieira
Johan J. Ingles-Le Nobel
Lucky Cavey
Kees
CIFOR.org
UCL ExCiteS
CIFOR.org
photo credits
mostly from
flickr.com

[CC licensed]
Prezi created by
Aled Williams and
Kirsty Cunningham
Full transcript