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ECOTOURISM

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by

Maráczi Mátyás

on 7 November 2012

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Transcript of ECOTOURISM

TOC Definition
Principles
History
Components
Benefits
Famous locations
Famous companies
Eco terrorism
Conclusion Description "responsible travel to natural areas that conserves the environment and improves the welfare of local people" "nature-based tourism that involves education and interpretation of the natural environment and is managed to be ecologically sustainable" Principles 1.Involves travel to natural destinations.
2. Builds environmental awareness.
3.Minimizes Impact.
4.Provides financial benefits and empowerment for local people
5.Provides financial benefits for conservation.
6.Supports human rights and democratic movements
7.Respects local culture History • Relatively short history
• Popularity rose in the 1980’s due to rise of education on the environment
• Led to the “Green movement” becoming a mainstream idea
• Started off when “interactive tours” in Africa that allowed for tourists to hunt, were restricted and made illegal
• Changed the eastern African safari operations and subsequently gave birth to ecotourism Benefits The problem:
developing country governments lack sufficient funds

wildlife areas are being destroyed What does ecotourism do? raises local awareness about the value of biological resources.
new sources of jobs and incomes Governments can use this income in operating and protecting natural habitats. ECO-
TERRORISM Using the term "ECO" to attract tourists Do not pay attention on the impact to the environment Do not provide direct financial benefit for the conservation Ignore building cultural awareness and respect Palau Attraction – Diving destination






460 miles of
coral reef are listed as “no fishing zones” Norwegian Fjords Attractions - snowcapped mountains, tumbling waterfalls and crystal-clear waters. Visitors can go hiking or biking over the rugged terrain, or take a scenic boat ride through
the towering fjords Regulations on fishing, whaling and petroleum industries Costa Rica Attractions - Misty cloud forests, black sand beaches, thick rain forests and rushing river rapids offer outdoor activities for active travelers and nature enthusiasts Proliferation if wildlife reserves Kerala, India Attractions - clean sandy beaches and lush virgin forests Preservation of forests Kenya Attractions - home to mountains, lakes, rain forests, deserts and beaches, each with its own unique ecosystem and wildlife. Kenya's incredible natural diversity is protected in some 50 national parks and reserves across the country. More than a million acres (more than 40,469 hectares) of Samburu communal territory have been transformed into a biodiversity conservation zone Iceland Attractions – hot springs, geothermal spas as well as volcanoes Government regulations and restrictions that govern hiking tours and tour operators Responsible Travel Natural Discovery Good Travel Company National Geographic Expeditions Small World Journeys Baobab Travel Pure Mountains Steppes Discovery " Tourism directed towards exotic, natural environments, intended to support conservation efforts and observe wildlife" Conclusion What do you think? References Murphy.J (2011) Top Ecotourist Tour Companie, Available at www.theecologist.org
[accessed on 3rd November 2012]

Rogers.H (2010) Top Eco Tourist Countries, Available at http://
www.nationalgeographic.com [accessed on 2nd November 2012]

(2010) “ Ecotourism” Url http://www.BBC.com

Hamilton, J.M (2007) CLIMATE CHANGE AND INTERNATIONAL TOURISM: A
SIMULATION STUDY

Wood, M.E (2006) Ecotourism: Principles, Practices and Policies for Sustainability

https://www.ecotourism.org
[accessed on 3rd November 2012]

http://www.untamedpath.com
[accessed on 3rd November 2012] Thank you for your attention! Components of ecotourism
•Contributes to conservation of biodiversity
•Sustains the well being of local
•Includes the interpretation/ learning experience
•Involves responsible action on the part of tourists and the tourist industry
•Is delivered primarily to small groups by small scale business
•Requires lowest possible consumption of non renewable resources
•Stresses local participation, ownership and business opportunities particularly for rural people
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