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Identity: Race, Ethnicity, Gender, and Sexuality
Transcript of Identity: Race, Ethnicity, Gender, and Sexuality
Stuart hall defined ethnicity as affiliation or identity within a group of people bound by common ancestry and culture.
Ethnic ethnicity is greatly affected by scale and place.
It is also invoked when many distinct culture group is clustered in one area.
more in ethnicity
Ethnicity is defined by a group of people who share a common nation, ancestry, or location.
Hall states “[ethnicity] Historically constructed like all cultural identities”
More specific then race
Douglas Massey and Nancy Denton defined residential segregation as "the degree to which two or more groups live separately from one another, in different parts of the urban environment.“
Many residential segregation is in Africa in Milwaukee Wisconsin.
Invasion and Succession
Processes by which new immigrants move to a city and dominate or take over a area or neighborhoods occupied by older immigrant groups.
In New York, Puerto Ricans invaded the immigrant Jewish neighborhood of east Harlem in the early twentieth century, and they took over the neighborhood.
China town Mexicali is also another example.
According to Gillian Rose, identity is how we “make sense of ourselves”
How do we define ourselves? We define ourselves through experiences, emotions, connections, and rejections.
Identity is who we are and how people see us.
Identities are marked through what we do and what we use.
Identity: Race, Ethnicity, Gender, and Sexuality
According to Edward Said, identifying against means defining the “other”, and defining ourselves as “not the other”.
Defining someone as the “other” is by skin color.
Defining someone as “not the other” is by determining who the person is.
Race is a categorization of people based on biological characteristics.
All humans are part of the human race. Everyone’s race differs from the other groups.
Races to which people refer to are not biologically based. Everyone is from the same race but we are defined into other races.
According to Benedict Anderson, racism is an attitude towards visible differences in individuals.
Making fun of someone’s race is racism.
Sunlight stimulates the production of melanin, which protects skin from damages from ultra violet rays, so their skin may be a different color than their race and you mistake them for another race
Sense of place
Like identity, sense of place is a fluid.
Sense of place is by remembering important events that occurred in that place or by labeling a place with a certain character
Gillian Rose explains that identity is connected to a particular place by a feeling that you belong to that place. It’s a place where you feel comfortable and at home.
Space and Place
Space, defined by Doreen Massey and Pat Jess as "social relations stretched out“
Place is a particular articulation of those social relations as they come together, consider it as cross section of space.
More on Identity
Gendered places are places where they have different rules about who gets to do what according to gender.
For example, when people make places, they make a place designated for women or men.
A place can be gendered within the interactions of the people living in that place.
For example, in sub-Saharan Africa, women are mainly in the rural areas where men are in urban areas.
Elder knopp and nast are geographers that study sexuality by including the queer theory.
Queer theory is originally about gay politics and other groups which embrace queer as identity.
queer theory shows the study of gender and issues of sexuality
Dowry death means the murder or suicide of a married woman caused by a dispute over theory.
Dowry is property of money brought by a bride to her husband on marriage.
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Identities are created through interaction, and therefore, are heavily influenced by place.
Identities are fluid, and are constantly changing.
Identities involve ones race, sexuality, and physical characteristics, as well as the choices one makes.
more in identifying against
When the Europeans explored Africa, they viewed them as “savage”, “mystical”, and “uneducated”. By saying that, the state that they are not savage, mystical, or uneducated.
Identifying against is sterotyping.
more in races
Isolationism, which was broken by European Conquest, brought more light on what is race.
The ideology of race brought upon racism.
more in racism
Racism is the belief that any one race is superior than every other race.
Racism is also believed to be determined by socio-economic classes. The poorer a class, the more racist that class tends to be.
Race can be increased by the government. The American Census Bureau divides the country into white, and nonwhite.
more in residential segregation
A large amount of residential segregation occurs in the world. People that are of the same race, sexuality, and ethnicity tend to clump together in a city.
In the 1960’s, when the civil rights movement outlawed the legality of residential segregation, the cities were left residentally segregated.
more in invasion and succession
When a culture moves to a place that is predominantly lived in by another place, it is called invasion.
The result of many invasions, can add up, and many cultures will be present.
more in sense of place
Sense of place is determined by the locations, culture, and language of a place.
The culture of a place, that is the most familiar to a person.
Can be destroyed or harmed. For example, Quebec almost became its own country because its sense of place was disturbed.
Place is very connected to identity, and is the major influencer of identity.
more in space and place
Part of space is a generally accepted ideology, I.E what a woman can and cannot do.
Space consists of people of the same religion, ethnicity, sexuality.
Gillian Rose, make sense of ourselves
identities, interaction, place
Edward Said, other, not the other
Europeans, savage, mystical, uneducated
Race, biological characteristics
Benedict Anderson, attitude
Douglass Massey, Nancy Delton
invasion and succession
Gillian rose, identity
sense of place
Stuart hall, affiliation
Space, Doreen Massey and Pat Jess
religion, ethnicity, sexuality.
Elder Knopp and Nast
queer theory, gay and lesbian,
more on gender
Gendering is the view of what rights in society a woman should have.
For example, in Kyrgyzstan, it is less socially acceptable for women to do heavy labor than in Zimbabwe.
more in queer theory
Queer Theory is the study of gay and lesbian locations, and views by heterosexuals.
It goes against that the white, heterosexual male is normal
more in dowry death
Dowry is given to the husband by the wife after marrige.
If the wife’s family cannot give the dowry, then the wife has to suffer huge consequences, sometimes death.
Dowry Deaths occur when the husbands family kills the wife that cannot pay dowry
by: Zeinab Alazzawi
and Anthony Mack
Ap Human Geography, Class 2B
1) what is the difference between race and ethnicity?
2) what is maquiladora?
3) what two hispanic groups make up the greatest percentage in new york city?
4) Why are there so many Chinese people living in Mexicali today?
5) what is queer theory?
6) what are dowry deaths?
7) What region stands out as having the worst situation for women in the world?
1) Race refer to more physical differences whereas ethnicity is more of a cultural judgement.
2) a factory in Mexico run by a foreign company and exporting its products to the country of that company.
3) puerto ricans and latinos
4) Chinese immigration to Mexico, large areas for farming, European and Chinese immigrants took over banking and wholesale commerce as well as pioneering the industrialization of Mexico
5) an approach to literary and cultural study that rejects traditional categories of gender and sexuality
6) the murder or suicide of a married woman caused by a dispute over her dowry.
7) Sub-saharan Africa
Factory built in Mexico by the US.
These factories take advantage of the laws in Mexico.
They are most common in the north border.
invasion and succession
One example is in Vladivostok, where Sino-Chinese immigrants forced the native people out of their homes.
Invasion and succession is not always quick. The Cossacks got their home by invasion and succession, over the process of 500 years.
theory that highlights the contextual nature of opposition to the heteronormative and focuses on the political engagement of "queers" with the heteronormative.
There are many groups that agree with this.
Race and ethnicity
Race is about skin color, and origin of birth.
Ethnicity is about the existence of memories and childhoods in a certain place.
Race does not change, ethnicity can change with time.
People in the same ethnicity tend to share the same memories. People in Pakistan have cultural norms and upbringings that differ than that of people from Austria.
In south east Asia, women make bricks, and farm.
In Britain, women do not, but can have un tasking jobs, like rule.
In Kazakhstan, women do not tend to do anything outside of the family.