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Transcript of Jacques Cartier
Cartier is Sailing! :D
Cartier came back!
, Cartier returned from France.
By Angelina, Belal and Mahad
Jacques Cartier was born in Saint-Malo, Brittany. He was born on December 31, 1491.
Saint-Malo is around here, in France.
His Voyage of Exploration
April 20, 1534
, Jacques Cartier was sent on a voyage of exploration by King Francois I.
He was to find two things on his adventure:
1. A shipping route to the Orient so French traders can import fine items to Europe
2. Precious items to make France really rich.
was a french mariner
was a navigator
was an explorer
had a fairly good social status.
was married to Mary Catherine des Granches, a
member of a leading family.
WHERE AND WHEN:
Jacques Cartier has soon arrived at Canada
With him was 2 ships and 61 men!
May 10, 1534
, he first arrived at Newfoundland, and soon worked his way farther into Canada, exploring PEI, the Baie de Chaleur, and the Gulf of St. Lawrence. On the way, he also traded with some of the First Nations Peoples.
Cartier Meets The Friendly Iroquois!
While traveling, Jacques Cartier saw some friendly Iroquois and started to trade with them.
They also formed an alliance.
Soon, Jacques Cartier set down a 10 meter wooden cross at Pointe-Penouille.
Donnacona, the Iroquois chief went to protest about it, and soon he was convinced to let his two sons, Domagaya and Taignoagny, go back to France with Jacques Cartier.
Donnacona's sons, Domagaya and Taignoagy (who he had kidnapped.)
Cartier was told:
- to find Stadacona and Hochelaga, two Iroquoian villages that are now Quebec City and Montreal.
Chief Donnacona told Cartier not to go to Hochelaga, but Cartier disobeyed the chief's wishes and headed towards Hochelaga.
Cartier at Hochelaga (Montreal)!
During Cartier 's trip to Hochelaga, he:
found a Iroquoian village
was introduced to tobacco
climbed Mount Royal
was stopped by a river, which he named Lachine (China) Rapids, because he thought China was close by.
A Winter in
Cartier had tried to get to the Atlantic ocean before the water in the river froze. He had not succeeded though, and only made it to Stadacona, where Donnacona was. He was forced to stay in Canada for the winter.
Over the winter Cartier and his crew were hit by scurvy.
Knowing that he would not survive, he asked for help from the First Nations. The First Nations stripped a few leaves from a near-by white cedar tree and boiled the leaves into a tea.
Cartier refused to drink it as he thought it was a plot to poison him, but out of no choice some of his crew drank it and immediately began to feel better. Then Cartier tried it and after a few days he and his crew were cured of scurvy.
What Was He Sent To Find On His Voyage?
He was sent by King Francois I to find a shipping route to the Orient (Asia) to allow French traders to import silk and other products to Europe and to find precious gems and metals to bring back the France.
King Francois I
Here Is A Video About Jacques Cartier
Donnacona told Jacques Cartier about a land called Saguenay which was rich in gold and jewels and a place where white men lived and grew spices.
After that, Cartier had to convince the king it was worth the effort to explore Canada, so in
, he kidnapped the some of the Iroquois, so Donnacona could tell the king his story.
Cartier's Final Voyage!
Back in France, during the five year stay in France:
All but one of the kidnapped natives died.
He was assigned another voyage!
He was to travel with Jean-Francois de la Rocque de Robertval.
He was to expand the fort in Stadacona (Quebec City) and prepare it for settlement.
ALL BUT 25 OF CARTIER'S MEN SURVIVED!
, Cartier headed to make a settlement in Canada, with 5 ships and 1,500 men!
Cartier told the new Iroquoian Chief that Donnacona had died.
Cartier abandoned the fort at Stadacona because of the angry Iroquois.
14 Kilometres away from Stadacona, on the Riviere de Cap-Rouge, Cartier built Charlesbourg Royal, a new fort.
In 1542, Cartier abandoned Charlesbourg Royal because the Iroquois kept attacking the French, sending them the message that they are no longer welcome there.
Jacques Cartier- from here to the end:
1. Went and found many "jewels" near the St. Lawrence river.
2. Was told by de Robertval to work on Charlesbourg Royal.
3. Disobeyed him and left to go back to France with all his "jewels."
4. The King was happy until he figured out the "jewels" were pyrite (fool 's
gold) and quartz.
5. French Exploration in Canada was stopped for a while.
6. No more voyages were presented to Jacques Cartier, and he retired.
7. He died in
Jacques Cartier's :
Had first ever trade between Europeans and Natives
Recorded the name "Canada" on his maps
Discovered the St. Lawrence River
Created the first french settlement in North America
Did not find riches for the crown
Did not find a route to the Orient
Abandoned Charlesbourg Royal
THAT WAS JACQUES CARTIER!
IN CONCLUSION, WE THINK HE WAS A VERY IMPORTANT FIGURE IN THE HISTORY OF CANADA!
THANKS FOR WATCHING!