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Health & Social Care Unit 2.
Kariba Khatunon 11 September 2013
Transcript of Health & Social Care Unit 2.
Concepts of Equality,Diversity And Rights In Relation To Health And Social Care.
Equality - Treating people in a fair way, being equal in rights, status and opportunity.
In a Health And Social Care Setting like in an Hospital. All the patience have the right to be respected, treated equally and not discriminated against, treated as an
individual, treated in a dignified way, allowed privacy, protected from danger and harm, allowed access to
information about themselves, be able to communicate using their preferred methods of communication
and language, cared for in a way that meets their needs, takes account of their choices and protect them in every possible way.
Concepts Of Rights
Rights - Rights are legal entitlement , for example an individual has a right to live in society without being abused or intimidated because of their gender, sexuality, race, skin, colour, beliefs or culture.
In a health and social care setting such as nursing homes, patience should be treated fairly the same with the same rights as others. for example the rights to live, the right to freedom and education, these are a few things that people consider to have a right to have (everyones should have the rights to learn and get educated, to have there hown freedom and privacy when needed ec.t). no one should be treated any different because of the way they are, were all the same and we should be treated fairly same to.
For more information about human rights you can go onto
which states all the different types of human right.
Discriminatory practice in a
health and social care.
Discrimination - is unlawful in Britain, there is legislation to support anyone who feels they are being discriminated against.
Overt abuse of power - Overt abuse over power is when an individual openly uses power to discriminate others and this has comparable outcomes to convert abuse of power; which is: it can affect an individual health or perhaps even their mental state, that's if they notice that they are being discriminated against.
Covert abuse of power - Covert abuse of power is when an individual uses a hidden power to discriminate in terms of health and social care, health care professionals may end up treating service users differently compared to others, this then will lead to the individual of not getting the same level of treatment, which may jeopardies their health and well-being
Benefits Of Diversity
Social Cohesion, another way of wording social cohesion is a 'Community Cohesion'
Social cohesion is basically the bonds that bring people together in a given society.
Health and social care team members need to form a friendly, assertive type of bond when working in divert teams, it requires each member to 'Respect' every member of there working team, respecting there values and there individual differences.
In Health And Social Care
Concepts & Discrimination Practice
Diversity - Accepting and Respecting everybodies differences, this means that everyone is recognised as being different and there differences is valued and respected.
In a Health and social care setting care professions should have an understanding that each individual is unique, and recognise and accept each and everyone of their paitente individual differences. These can be along the dimensions of race, ethnicity, gender, sexual orientation, status, age, physical abilities, religious beliefs, political beliefs and skin colour.
Diversity helps in meeting different people from different countries, so helping to learn different culture, different types of food, various religions, different languages, which helps bring the society together whihc allows people coming together to socialise. Being open to other cultures and being able to get along with everyone even thou they have difference, which therefore allows our everyday lives to be more interesting, even at the basic levels as then types of food we eat.
Tolerance is important to ensure that everyone has equal opportunities. And it is there cognition of the fact that everyone is different. This can lead to social cohesion which means that groups within society will reflect unity.
Respecting diversity means accepting and appreciating that all service users are different. This lead to promoting fair and equal opportunities, as society changes.
Economic Benefits can be seen everywhere in Britain; from clothes, food and workplace.
Imports & Exports now make this a global community.
New techniques, Equipment and software development are being shared all around the world
Prejudice leads to discrimination, prejudice is a judgement made about someone when a person can know nothing about the person it also involves judging people and making assumptions about a group of people. When a person is prejudice in health and social care then it will affect their work and the person won't be treated fairly an example of prejudice in health and social care could be being prejudice to someone because of a religion, a health care visitor could be discriminative to someone due to them being Christian or a Jew and they may think they will raise their child in a strange or different way because of this, this could turn into discrimination due to them reporting them or neglect or abuse.
Stereotyping is when an individual makes an assumption about an group or individual. For example, all Muslims are terrorist, as a minority of the followers did something silly, now all Muslims are judged bad due to what the minority has done.
Bullying is where there's someone who is treating a person unfairly either physically or socially like, hurtful names or leavening someone out of things. Bullying is an act of discrimination because it harms the other person emotionally. An example of bullying in health and social care setting, a care profession is making the judgement that someone on drugs doesn't care about their health or family ect, so a doctor may not give them fair treatment.
Restricted opportunities - Not giving all individuals the same opportunities as for anyone else. For example, because of age, culture, sex, colour, religion, class etc. All types of discrimination may lead to a person not using health and social care provision and this can lead to poorer health. The discrimination may be by individuals, health organisation or even the government, this may have an impact of organisations because it could lead to people not using their services and the amount of complaints ariased the government has to take action and may have to close down health related services.
Low self esteem and self identity - Discrimination can lead to people losing their self -worth or self esteem. some vulnerable people may have low self esteem before they start using health and social care services. a person with low self esteem will experience negative self identity, which brings a feeling of worthlessness and depression. the health and social care professionals needs to ensure that an individual's self esteem is maintained or can be raised, to help the person cope with their situation, or the care professions will find diffuculties to work generally in a health and social care setting, so this may have an impact of their working life.
Disempowerment - Individuals or group that are discriminated against be other individuals or more powerful groups will feel disempowered, they may be willing to fight against this and in some cases will win thier case. however do not and they lose the will to fight against discrimination. As a result of this, they may become depressed and devalued and disempowered, which in turn may lead to more health issues, which can also lead them to be an independant whilst working in a health and social care setting for other colleagues may not want to be around those who are looked down at.
The Effects Dicrimination can have on staff and individuals
Gender - A Person cannot be discriminated against beacuse of their gender due to the 'Under The Gender Equality Duty 2007', all organisations, including health and social care services, connot discriminate unfarily due to a person's gender. Equal rights of access, heath care and rights must be held to.
Family Status - This can lead to a variety of discrimination: against gay/lesbian parents, single parents, parents with different genders, parents with different races with mixed race children and other family grouping.
Cognitive ability - It can easy to discriminate against people with cognitive disabilities but care must be taken not to do so. Valuing people now is a govnment stratergy which aims to improve the lives of people with learning disabilities . and those of their families and carers.
Sexuality - Discrimination against someone dut to their sexual orientation is against the law. if someone fells discrimintaed against due to thier sexual orientation or feel they are discriminated against they can seek legal help.
Age - Age discrimination happens 'when someone is treated unfavourably because of thier age, without justification, or is harassed or victimised beacause of thier age'.
Social Class - Treating people in a fair way no matter what their backgrouds is whether its working class or upper slass, everyone should be treated in a professional manner
Basis Of Discrimination
The Art- The art provide a vauable way of brining diversity to a wide audience. for example, films made in other countries can demonstrate culture from around the world in a form that is easy to understand and may intrigue as well as educate people about others.
language - people who speak languages other than english are highly sought after in health and social care because many of those using the services may not speak english. interpretation is seen as a new career in the health service, so speaking another language is clearly beneficial for health and social care professionals.