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sorraya plimmer

on 10 December 2012

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Transcript of GYMNASTICS

GYMNASTICS What are the different types of
WOMANS GYMNASTICS Who are some famous gymnasts THE HISTORY OF GYMNASTICS The different apparatus
in woman's artistic gymnastics Here she is again. Gabby is from the USA. She won gold at the Olympics games 2012 for the teams event and she was the Women's all-around champion.She was not even a favourite, or even expected to medal. The second style of Gymnastics is called RHYTHMIC GYMNASTICS.
Rhythmic gymnastics is a graceful
but a very difficult gymnastics style.
It is lovely to watch. The most recently introduced discipline in gymnastics is AEROBIC Gymnastics
The first World Championships were held in 1995.
They are held on even years.
This is NOT an Olympic sport This is Russian gymnast Yergeniya Kanayeva She is the 2012 World Champion and the
Olympic Champion in Rhythmic gymnastics. She won all 4 disciplines hoop, ball,
clubs and ribbons. She is so talented. As the difficulty in gymnastics increased and with the increasing demand on the young athletes bodies, in 1982 it was decided that the minimum age would be increased to 15years old and then in 1997 it was raised again to 16 years. The first World ARTISTIC Gymnastic Championships were held in 1903.
They are held annually (except when the Summer Olympics are held) The first World Rhythmic gymnastics Championships were held in the year 1963
They are also held annually (except when the Summer Olympics are held) The first Trampoline World Championships were in 1964
They are held on the odd years The first Acrobatic Gymnastics World Championships were held in 1974.
They are held on the even years.
This is NOT an Olympic sport...yet Larissa Latynina has 18 Olympic medals. The most medals by a single athlete in any sport. Between 1956 and 1964 she won 14 individual of her Olympic medals and she won four team medals. Her total of 18 Olympic medals was a record for 48 years
Although Phelps broke her total medal count record, her record for individual event medals (14) still stands The YOUNGEST recorded gymnast competing at World level was Greek Gymnast Dimitrios Loundras He was only 10years 218days old. He received a bronze medal in the teams event in the 1896 Olympic games. The OLDEST recorded gymnast competing at a world level was from Great Britan. Her name was Ethel Seymour and she was 46years and 222days old. She won a bronze medal in the teams event in the 1928 Olympic games. This was the first year women were allowed to compete During the early 1970s the average age for competing gymnasts was 21, but this had changed by the late 1970s with children as young as 13 competing. Russian Gymnast Oksana Chusovitina is the only female gymnast to ever compete in 6 Olympic Games. She first started competing at international level in 1988 and competed in her first Olympic games in 1992 and her 6th and last this year in 2012. She is one of very few gymnasts to return the international competition after becoming a mother. Larissa Latynina was the first great Soviet gymnast. She won her first Olympic medal in 1956 aged 21years old then another at 25years and 29years old. Youngest Female Gymnastics Medallist Luigina Giavotti was 11 years and 302 days old when she won a silver medal in 1928 as a member of the Italian gymnastics team. Nadia Comaneci is one of the most famous gymnasts. Her 23-second uneven bar routine in the Montreal Olympics in 1976 shocked the gymnastics world - and its scoring machine - with a perfect 10. ARTISTIC GYMNASTICS is the earliest form of gymnastics.
It was first introduced into Olympic competition in 1896


The vault is an event as well as the primary piece of equipment used in that event. The vault is the only apparatus used in both men's and women's competition, with little difference between the two categories. In all Gymnastic disciplines Both male and female gymnasts are judged on all events for execution, degree of difficulty, and overall presentation skills. By Sorraya The 4th type is ACROBATIC gymnastics. This usually consists of 2 or more people holding each other up and holding long intricate poses as well as tumbling. In some cases it can resemble cheer leading. This sport is currently not included in the Olympics. The 3rd type is TRAMPOLINING & TUMBLING. It consists of 3 disciplines- trampoline, mini-tramp and and tumbling.
The Trampoline consists of different aerial skills that the gymnast performs in the air, making sure to land within a rectangle shape on the trampoline. The 5th type of gymnastics is called AEROBIC gymnastics it is sometimes called sport aerobics or most commonly called Cheerleading.
In this type of gymnastics, the individual's group or pairs perform routines to emphasize their strength, aerobic fitness and flexibility. These routines are usually done on a small floor area, and they take not more than 90 seconds. Whatever style of gymnastics discipline you choose, they are all sports that require the individuals performing in the sport to practice, practice, practice. This is American Gabby Douglas on the UNEVEN BARS This is American Ali Raisman on the BEAM This is TRAMPOLINING WOW how cool is this
Kids DON"T try this at home she is known as the
FLYING SQUIRREL due to her skills on this aparatus This is AEROBIC gymnastics * Kinesthetic Awareness is a sensory skill that your body uses to know where it is in space. In VAULT, a gymnast sprints down a runway, which is a maximum of 25 meters in length, before leaping onto a spring board. Harnessing the explosive energy of the spring, the gymnast directs his or her body hands-first towards the vault. Body position is maintained while "popping" (blocking using only a shoulder movement) the vaulting platform. The gymnast then rotates his or her body so as to land in a standing position on the far side of the vault. In advanced gymnastics, multiple twists and somersaults may be added before landing. Successful vaults depend on the speed of the run, the length of the hurdle, the power the gymnast generates from the legs and shoulder girdle, the kinesthetic* awareness in the air, and the speed of rotation in the case of more difficult and complex vaults In Rhythmic gymnastics an individual athlete only manipulates 1 apparatus at a time. When 2 or more Rhythmic gymnasts are performing a routine together a maximum of two types of apparatus may be distributed through the group. An athlete can exchange apparatus with a team member at any time through the routine. Therefore, an athlete can manipulate up to two different pieces of apparatus through the duration of the routine. Rhythmic gymnastics is a sport in which individuals or teams of 5 manipulate one or two pieces of apparatus: clubs, hoop, ball, ribbon Rope and Free (no apparatus). The first style of gymnastics is called ARTISTIC GYMNASTICS.
This is the most common one and the one most people see on t.v. This is divided into 2 groups, Men's (MAG) and Women's (WAG).
Men compete in 6 disciplines (vault, pommel horse, parallel bars, high bar, rings, and floor)
Women compete in 4 disciplines (vault, bars, beam and floor).
This sport requires you to be strong, fast and flexible.

This is the style of gym I compete in. Rhythmic gymnastics is a sport that combines elements of ballet, gymnastics, dance, and apparatus manipulation. They do their whole routine on point*. * on the tips of their toes The tumbling part consists of a long runway (around 25 meters long) it is quite bouncy and allows you to block and bunch easier than a normal gymnastics floor. It is an Olympic sport The mini-tramp is a long strip of runway and you hurdle onto the mini tramp and do a skill off it. They all require strength, power, flexibility, speed and coordination and most of all dedication if you want to gain proficiency. Artistic Gymnastics was a men only competition until 1928 when women were allowed to compete. Here she is competing in her first international competition at 21years old on floor SOME INTERESTING FACTS 1928 was the first year women were allowed into gymnastic competition. The main reason for the age increase was to protect these young athletes from injury. The demands on their young bodies training at the elite level required for competitive gymnastics was putting them at risk of causing injuries that would carry over into their adulthood. This trend continued through the 1980s with the average age being only 14 years old. She made history in 1958 when she became the World Champion whilst pregnant with her daughter. She is now a coach for the Russian Artistic team This is the gymnastics FLOOR
As you see in this picture
the floor has a white line
around the outside. A gymnast must stay within the boundries or risk loosing .3 of a point. This photo montage shows the different disciplines in Artistic gymnastics In this photo the gymnast is using a ball. As you can see the gymnast needs to be very flexible thank you for watching This photo was taken of Nadia Comaneci during that famous routine Here she is competing in her last ever Olympics this year 2012 at age 37. She is exactly the same age as my Mum A well deserved medal for a true Champion The BALANCE BEAM is an artistic gymnastics apparatus, as well as the event performed using the apparatus. Both the apparatus and the event are sometimes simply referred to as "beam". OLGA KORBUT is another famous gymnast.
She was the star of the 1972 summer Olympic games in Munich and will be forever known as the mother of gymnastics. Olga Korbut, was just 17 years old and a mere 86 pounds when she dominated the 1972 Olympics winning 3 gold medals and a silver. Olga's performances would forever change the sport of gymnastics, at the time...the moves she did had never been done before! Flipping off the beam or bars with no hands was unheard of! Little girls all around the world wanted to be the next Olga Korbut and enrolled in gymnastics classes. This was the start of true Artistic gymnastics. until beaten by American swimmer Michael Phelps
on July 31, 2012. for the 14-year-old Romanian gymnast the 10s didn't stop there,she went on to win 6 more! She also got a 10 for her beam routine. Her kind of flexibility had never been seen before on this aparatus. She created many moves never seen before Olga's beaming smile made the sport of gymnastics look so much fun, girls raced to join their local gymnastics clubs The UNEVEN BARS is an event only performed by women in artistic gymnastics. The apparatus includes two bars set apart at different heights and gymnasts perform multiple flips, twists and release moves to move from one bar to the next.For many, the uneven bars (bars for short) are one of the hardest events to learn and master. They require strength, balance, coordination, courage and timing—skills tested one by one in the specific required elements. But regardless of its challenges, the bars are a favorite event among gymnasts and have become a valued and often specialized event for many of the greatest athletes in the sport. They are amazing to watch To finish, here is a video showing some amazing artistic gymnastics in action This is the winning American Artistic Gymnastic team for 2012 at the London Olympics FLOOR
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