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Transcript of Sleeping Beauty
The 100 years sleep is central to the plot in many of the versions (notably, Perrault's and Grimms')
Rape, adultery, sexual rivalry, and attempted cannibalism make the plot of Basile's "Sun, Moon, and Talia" a little less than "child friendly."
But, Perrault added his own touch!
Giambattista Basile was an Italian solider, public official, writer, and poet in the late 1500's and early 1600s. His short-story collection was one of the earliest such collections based on folktales and served as an important source for later fairy-tale writers, such as Charles Perrault in France and the Brothers Grimm in Germany. In "The Story of Stories" a prince and his wife are entertained for five days by 10 women who tell them 50 stories, among which are the familiar tales of Puss in Boots, Rapunzel, Cinderella, Beauty and the Beast, and his sleeping beauty story, entitled "Sun, Moon, and Talia."
Themes changed or diminished:
subdued sexual rivalry
In Grimms' version, the story constricts even more
Kiss "awakens" beauty
Basile's "Sleeping Beauty" reflects a sophisticated story
with complications of the plot and a specific tone that
differs from those that follow it.
Photo credits: 'horizon' by pierreyves @ flickr
And of course he included his signature "moral" at the end:
"A brave, rich, handsome husband is a prize well worth waiting for; but no modern woman would think it was worth waiting for a hundred years. The tale of the Sleeping Beauty shows how long engagements make for happy marriages, but young girls these days want so much to be married I do not have the heart to press the moral."
Perrault says he's not going to press the moral, but he really already has!
Of course, the Grimm Brothers are trying to make their version more child-friendly, and it is. However, this version, adapted to film, made the story directly for children.
Disney's adaptation would likely have thrilled the Grimm Brothers, as they loved to focus on the Christian elements that fairy tales could offer. Notice how in this film clip, the concept of Hell versus righteousness is portrayed. There are clear connections to the killing of the dragon (a reference to the Bible book of "Revelation") and you'll note Prince Phillip's shield bears a Christian symbol.
Notably, Disney also incorporated the pagan (non-Christian) mythology of killing the dragon in the exact spot that the prince's sword hits, the only vulnerable place being the throat or underbelly. That the dragon is slain by a blessed sword helps, too.
First, some literary terms to remember:
Plot is used to describe the events that make up a story, or the main part of a story. These events relate to each other in a pattern or a sequence.
Tone has to do with the attitude of a writer toward a subject or an audience. Tone is generally conveyed through the choice of words, or the viewpoint of a writer on a particular subject.