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Principles of training by Ian Johns
Transcript of Principles of training by Ian Johns
What are the principles of training?
In small groups discuss the different training needs of 3 different athletes.
To improve performance the athlete will have to increase the amount of training that they do.This is called progressive training and is used to increase strength, speed or distance over a period of time.
What do you think happens if the training intensity is increased too quickly?
In small groups design a progressive training program for a 21 year old 10km runner, who has been out injured for 6 weeks.
Fitness can only be improved if the athlete works ______ than they normally exercise.
Increased demands on the body help the athlete to make ______ gains in terms of strength, speed and muscular endurance.
If training stays the same for the athlete then no gains can be made, they will _____________________________.
What do you think are the effects of over training?
The FITT principle
F - Frequency of training
I - Intensity of training
T - Time/ Duration
There are four main ways to to achieve overload within an exercise plan that can be easily remembered by using the FIT/FID principle:
If athletes do not maintain training programs the gains that they make can be reversed. Fitness will be lost if training loads are reduced or if injury prevents the athlete from training.
Endurance is lost in a third of the time it took to gain!
Strength declines much slower but a lack of exercise will cause muscle atrophy in the athlete over time.
When putting training plans together it is important that the athlete is kept interested. This can be done with the varying of training techniques and environments. If the training is the same day after day the performer will lose motivation and will start to lack in enthusiasm.
Which athletes are more susceptible to tedium?
Improving performance is not just a case of training more!!
Athletes should carefully follow pre-planned training programs to improve performance.
When putting a training plan together to improve fitness and health there are certain principles that must be followed. These are called the principles of training, also known as SPORT.
To understand the principles of training and how they can relate to the athlete.
To recognise the needs of an athlete within a pre planned training program.
Athletes should ensure that training is specific to the needs of their sport.
Specificity ensures that training is specific to the individual in terms of the muscles used, type of fitness and the skills needed.
Each training plan should be individualised as each person adapts to exercise differently.
Why do sports people complete pre planned training programme's?
What do athletes need to consider when designing a training programme?
How would an athlete increase performance using the principle of overload?