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Historical Background of Indonesian Music

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Ridzkhan Sahak

on 4 December 2013

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Transcript of Historical Background of Indonesian Music

Historical Background of Indonesian Music
The music of Indonesia demonstrates its cultural diversity, the local musical creativity, as well as subsequent foreign musical influences that shaped contemporary music scenes of Indonesia. Nearly thousands of Indonesian islands having its own cultural and artistic history and character. This results in hundreds of different forms of music, which often accompanies dance and theater.


The musics of Java, Sumatra, Bali, Flores and other islands have been documented and recorded, and research by Indonesian and international scholars is ongoing. The music in Indonesia predates historical records, various Native Indonesian tribes often incorporate chants and songs accompanied with musics instruments in their rituals. Today the contemporary music of Indonesia is popular in the region, including neighboring countries; Malaysia, Singapore and Brunei.
The music of Indonesia is as profoundly diverse and magnificent as its geography, religion, and culture. "Bhinneka Tunggal Ika" is a national motto in the old Javanese language that means, "Unity in Diversity." Diversity of styles is a trademark of Indonesian music.
The history of music of Indonesia demonstrates its cultural diversity, the local musical creativity, as well as subsequent foreign musical influences that shaped contemporary music scenes of
Indonesian music or music called Nusantara is all music that developed in this archipelago, which reflect or highlight features of Indonesian-ness, both in terms of language and style of the melody. Nusantara music itself consists of the traditional music, music keroncong, dangdut music, the music style, lute music, the music of struggle, and pop music. There are stages in the development of music Indonesia (archipelago), namely:Period before the entry of Hindu-Buddhist influences. At this time, the music used as part of the ritual activity.
The music of Indonesia is as profoundly diverse and magnificent as its culture, geography, and religion. Indonesian music, especially music for the gamelan ensemble, has an essential function and relationship with Indonesian religions and spiritual practices.

Although Islam has been the chief religion in Indonesia since the 15th century, it was not the first religion in Indonesia, and it is certainly not the only religion practiced in Indonesia today. For centuries in Indonesia, most Indonesian music has had a close association between religion and spiritual practice, closely intertwined with the four most widely practiced Indonesian religions: Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism/Taoism, and Christianity. Gamelan music may also support any syncretic blend of these four religions. But Indonesian gamelan music has also been related to the remnants of animist beliefs and spiritual practices in selected regions of Indonesia that are not connected to the four primary religions recognized by the Indonesian government.
The animist systems and practices are not recognized by the national government
as a declarable religion. Nevertheless, Indonesian music is as deeply involved in these practices as it is with those of the four transplanted religions.
In some groups, the sounds generated from a limb or a particular tool are believed to have magical powers. Instrument or instruments that are used are generally derived from natural surroundings.Period after the entry of Hindu-Buddhist influences.At this time, developing the music palace Jawa.Pada particularly in the area at that time, the music is not only used as part of a ritual, but also in activities as a means of entertainment keistanaan the royal guest. Music is a growing palace gamelan music. Gamelan music consists of 5 groups, namely group balungan, blimbingan groups, pencon groups, drum groups, and a complementary group.Period after the entry of the influence of Islam.Introduced to music at this time if the Arab traders. Musical instruments that they use a lute and tambourine. Of the process that then arise psaltery orchestras in Indonesia until now.
The entry of the West to Indonesia also took a major influence in the development of Indonesian music. The settlers also introduced a variety of musical instruments from their country. Such as violin, cello, guitar, flute, and ukulele. They also bring the system in various works.Pada solmisasi this time that Indonesia experienced growth of modern music. At this time the musicians Indonesia creates music serving a mix of western music with the music of Indonesia. Serving the music that became known as keroncong music.
The entry of the West to Indonesia also took a major influence in the development of Indonesian music. The settlers also introduced a variety of musical instruments from their country. Such as violin, cello, guitar, flute, and ukulele. They also bring the system in various works.Pada solmisasi is this time that Indonesia experienced growth of modern music. At this time the musicians Indonesia creates music serving a mix of western music with the music of Indonesia. Serving the music that became known as keroncong music.
Presented by:
Group V
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