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China vs Rome: Art and Architecture
Transcript of China vs Rome: Art and Architecture
Greek artists and architects came to Rome, and left behind a great influence on Roman art Invention of concrete allowed more complex, sturdy structures to be built
Temple architecture, arches, and domes were popular in Rome
More secular and utilitarian art and than Greek predecessors Paintings bamboo is a symbol for Chinese gentleman who bends, not breaks, in the face of challenges. Painting and Calligraphy some of the oldest continuous artistic traditions in the world
traditional paintings are use calligraphy and is done with a brush dipped in ink.
mostly painted on paper or silk, then mounted on scrolls
there are several forms; seal, official or clerical, regular, running or semi-cursive, and cursive. Pottery Ceramics Many beautiful ceramics produced and new techniques introduced during the Tang Dynasty, which was considered a golden age
Sancai was the a technique that used three color glazes, which were variations of browns, greens, and blues Porcelain Porcelains from the Ming Dynasty are some of the most beautiful to be made in China
Jingdezhen, in the southern province of Jianxi was an important manufacturing center for porcelain Architectural Innovation Paintings The City of Rome Pottery and Other 3-D Art The beautification of Rome provided employment for many people
includes Greek architects and artists who helped to promote Hellenistic styles
City became extravagantly decorated
36 marble arches Economic Benefits Art and architecture helped to expand the empire
Profits from taxes and trade went toward urban development
Job opportunities encouraged the immigration of Greek architects, who brought Greek techniques to Rome Cultural Influences Cultural Influences Economic Benefits Landscape Paintings
landscape paintings focus on nature and the world as a whole.
Fan Kuan’s painting, the Travelers amid Mountains and Streams, is considered one of the finest ever. Wall Paintings Tradition of painting pottery dates back to the Neolithic period
influenced by Taoism, which was founded by Laozi, and Buddhism, which was founded by Siddhartha Gautama in India Wall paintings in ancient Rome were classified into four different types of design:
1. Masonry Style: Was a type of wall art in which colorful flat stone blocks (like marble slabs and others types of stone) were used to build walls and then painted. This type of art was often shown off in upper class homes to show off wealth.
2. Illusionistic Style/ Architectural Style: This style of wall painting was mainly displayed when the walls of a building had landscapes painted onto the walls of a room. Two, three, even all for walls were painted to give the ILLUSION of a 3-d place.
3. Ornate Style/ Ornamental Style: This style is a lot more abstract the the other 2 styles before it. Artwork painted on often had painted on frames and was a lot more of a flat 2-d look than the Illusionistic style.
4. Combination: Just like the name states the 4th style is a combination of all of the previous styles with a few minor alterations. It was not as open as the 2nd style but was often a lot less abstract then the 3rd style. Its main difference from the other styles was it was a lot more realistic then the others which were often imaginary. Sculpture and statuary were very popular
Thousands of statues decorated urban areas
Marble portrait busts
Marble replicas of bronze Greek statues
Verism: portrait bust artistic style from the Roman Republic
represented era of democracy and uncensored truth
replaced by idealism in Imperial Rome Architectural Innovation influenced by Taoism
symmetry represented the balance Bamboo Paintings Religious Influence China: Buddhist pagodas
Rome: dedicated temples to the Greek gods, e.g. Pantheon Symmetry China: symmetry symbolized the Taoist principle of yin and yang
Rome: system of proportions inspired by Greek humanism; rationality "Without symmetry and proportion there can be no principles in the design of any temple; that is, if there is no precise relation between its members, as in the case of those of a well shaped man."
-Vitruvius, Roman architect and writer China was the only source of porcelain, or "white gold," for the western world
Porcelain remained a Chinese secret until 1575, making it a highly valued good in the European markets of the silk road
Chinese art (as well as silk and spices) was highly valued all across the eastern hemisphere, so long distance trade brought much wealth to China
This allowed the Chinese to focus their efforts on economic activities that specialized by region
Artwork traded to Europe in exchange for glassware, jewelry, Roman art, perfumes, bronze goods, textiles, pottery, iron tools, olive oil, wine, and gold and silver bullion. Roman Republic Imperial Rome Bibliography Porcelains from this period are some of the most beautiful to be made in China
Jingdezhen, in the southern province of Jianxi was an important manufacturing center for porcelain Bentley, Jerry H., Jerry H. Bentley, Herbert F. Ziegler, and Herbert F. Ziegler. Traditions & encounters: a global perspective on the past. Boston: McGraw Hill, 2000. Print.
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