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Open Access and the Humanities

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by

Martin Eve

on 13 March 2015

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Transcript of Open Access and the Humanities

Open Access and the Humanities
Contexts, Controversies and the Future
martin@martineve.com
What is OA?
Peer-reviewed research
Free to read online
Permission to re-use

Gold: at publisher/source
Green: institutional/subject repo.

Gratis: free to read
Libre: free to re-use
History of OA
1989: Richard Stallman drafts GPL
2002: First Creative Commons license
2002-2003: BBB Statements on OA
2003: First sub-institutional mandate
2003-2013: Exponential increase in green mandates

Scientific drive but hums. present
Informal histories of OA experiment
Economics of OA
Economics strong driver of OA movement
Humanities economics intertwined with science
Contradictory statements on cost-cutting
'Crisis' is double sided: supply and demand
Books are different to journals
Green OA
All current mandates are green
Low deposit rates in humanities
No evidence green OA causes sub. cancellation
Hums. embargo and half-life periods (needs evidence)
Some evidence of traffic driver (PEER project)
Untested for books: scope for experiment
Gold OA
Shift of payment to supply side
Changes publishing from sales to service
Risk (& payoff) from publishers to institutions

APCs unaffordable for humanities
Damage credibility of OA
Cross-subsidy (undifferentiated pricing)
Double dipping and transition problems
Alternative gold models
'Functional' APC market
Service unbundling
Not-for-profits
Consortial models
International Challenges
How to deal with some sales, some OA?
Over 600 different policies/mandates worldwide
Policies available in ROARMAP
No gold-only mandates at the moment
Wellcome Trust has book mandate
Global awareness and takeup differs
Open Licensing
Structure built on top of copyright
History in open source software
Ties in to economics
Publishers use economic protections
Researchers use reputational protections
Creative Commons licenses
Benefits of Open Licensing
Re-use for teaching
Inclusion in Wikipedia and other resources
Community translation
Text/Data mining (digital humanities)
Experimental re-presentation
Objections to Open Licensing
"Plagiarism"
Integrity
Commercial re-enclosure
Bad translation
Sustainability for publishers

NC or SA?
Monographs
Monographs acknowledged as different
e.g. HEFCE mandate
Higher barriers to entry for new publishers
Open source platform development in infancy
Production toolchain likewise
Different discoverability and value-conferral sites
Monograph Investigations
OAPEN-NL [gold OA comparison]
OAPEN-UK [gold OA matched-pair comparison]
and qualitative programme
HEFCE Monograph project
Monograph Models
Book processing charge
Print subsidy
Institutional subsidy
Freemium
Collective funding (consortial)
Objections
Researchers
Commercial Publishers
University Presses
Learned Societies
Librarians
Full transcript