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Golden Bridge: My Non-Profit

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Denyse Cruz

on 4 December 2014

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Transcript of Golden Bridge: My Non-Profit

Golden Bridge
Equip. Overcome. Inspire.
What is Homelessness?
A homeless person is an individual without permanent housing who may:

Any other unstable or non-permanent situation
Abandoned building or vehicle
Forced to stay with a series of friends
and/or extended family members
Public Health Service Act
Individuals under 18 who lack parental, foster, or institutional care.

Sometimes referred to as "unaccompanied" youth
Homeless Youth
“Home is a notion that only nations of the homeless fully appreciate and only the uprooted comprehend.”
Wallace Stegner
National and Local Statistics
: 100 million people

: 3.5 million people
1.5 million are children or 1 out of 50
40% are families with children

: About 20,000 children

Street Children
Children who work on the streets in order to increase family income and maximize existing income by reducing the family size.
Causes of Homelessness
Family Issues
In 2005, about 900,000 children were victims of abuse and neglect

Types of Abuse & Neglect
History of Homelessness
First rescue mission was established in New York city in 1872

The American Civil war led to Hobohemia

Great Depression of the 1930's, Hobohemia reached epic proportions
No affordable housing
Traveled along the migrant trail to find work
Estimated that 2 million were homeless

July 1987, President Regan signed and passed the
McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act
Federal money will be given for homeless
shelter programs

Economic Problems
Residential Instability
: "
trauma or physical injury
Punching, beating, kicking, biting, burning or otherwise harming a child
60% of runaway youth have been physically abused

24.1% of abuse fatalities were a result of physical abuse and neglect

Neglect may be a result of parent/caregiver trying to provide for family
Sexual Abuse
9.3% of confirmed abuse and neglect cases involved sexual abuse (83,800)

24% have witnessed another being sexually or physically abused

Girls are more frequent victims
Touching Offenses:
Fondling, making a child touch an adult’s sexual organs; and penetrating a child’s vagina or anus no matter how slight with a penis or any object that does not have a valid medical purpose

Non-Touching Offenses:
Engaging in indecent exposure or exhibitionism, exposing children to pornographic material, deliberately exposing a child to the act of sexual intercourse; and masturbating in front of a child
"Psychological Maltreatment"

Pattern of behavior
by parents or caregivers that can seriously
with a child’s cognitive, emotional, psychological or social
: physical/psychological needs
: actively refusing to respond to a child’s needs
: consistently preventing the child from having normal social interactions with others
Exploiting or Corrupting
: teaching, encouraging or forcing to develop inappropriate or illegal behaviors
Verbally Assaulting
: constant belittling, shaming, ridiculing or verbally threatening the child
: threatening/bullying that creates fear
Emotionally abused children typically continue the cycle once they become parents

Parent/caregiver does not know how to connect with child
564,765 children suffered neglect alone in 2005
A type of maltreatment that refers to the failure by the caregiver to provide needed, age-appropriate care although financially able to do so or offered financial or other means to do so”
- USDHHS, 2007
: Failure to
the child with basic necessities
Adequate food, clothing, shelter, and safety, supervision
Educational Neglect
Medical Neglect
The parent or caregiver failing to enroll a school-aged child in school or provide adequate home schooling or needed special education training, therefore, allowing the child or youth to engage in chronic absenteeism
Possible Reasons:
High mobility
Lack of records
Difficulty with transportation
The failure to provide appropriate health care for a child, although financially able to do so, as a result placing the child at risk of being seriously disables or disfigured or dying.
17,637 children were victims of medical neglect in 2005
Families suffer financial crises as a result of:
Lack of affordable housing
Limited employment opportunities
Insufficient wages
No medical insurance
Inadequate welfare benefits

Youths become homeless with their families, but are later separated from them by shelter, transitional housing, or child welfare policies
45% of youth become homeless upon being discharged from residential or institutional

Too old for foster care but are discharged with no housing or income support.

1 in 5 homeless youth have come directly from foster care

More than 1 in 4 youth currently homeless have been in foster care in the previous year
2 bedroom, fair market apartment - $619 (2011)

2013 Statistics
Income has decreased by 1.3%
Poverty has increased by 4.8%
Unemployment has decreased by 4.4%
Some youth report parents either knew they were leaving or the parent actually told them to leave

Some are forced to leave home because of their sexual orientation
4 times more likely to get sick

5 times more diarrhea and stomach problems

4 times more likely to be asthmatic

High rate of teen pregnancy - 6% to 22%

High rate of drug and alcohol abuse

Suffer from acute and chronic illnesses, upper respiratory disorders, minor skin diseases, ear disorders, gastrointestinal problems, trauma eye disorders, and lice

Reasons: living in unsanitary locations, possibly eating contaminated food
Hunger affects 1 in 4 children

As a result of malnutrition
Missed developmental milestones
Weight gain, height
Lower immune system

Struggle to focus in school

Conduct disorders
Severe anxiety


Low self-esteem

Conduct disorder

Post-traumatic stress syndrome

45% Worry they'll have no place to live

58% Worry they'll have no place to sleep

87% Worry about families safety
"Sexual intercourse or its deviations"
Few emergency shelters

Shelter admission policies

Preference for independence

Many youth resort to sleeping on the streets
42% High mobility rate

Lack of transportation
Low school attendance
Lower test scores
50 % Lower graduation rate

Lack of academic & medical records

High rate of learning and other disabilities
Legal age barrier

Less employment opportunities

Exchange sex for food, clothing, and shelter
Higher risk of contracting AIDS or HIV
5% are infected
Consequences of Homelessness
What is Homelessness

Causes of Homelessness

Consequences of Homelessness

Golden Bridge: A Non-Profit dedicated to eliminating the effects of homelessness
Improve the lives of children and their families by providing services that strengthen families during difficult times through education, counseling, and support.
Everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for . . . health and well-being of himself and his family, including food, clothing, housing, medical care and the right to security in the event of . . . sickness, disability . . .
- Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948)
Family Housing
& Learning Center
3.5 million individuals experience homelessness in America,
39% of them are children

19,775 children are homeless
Ranks 28th in the country

: Chattanooga
More than 1,000 children attending public schools are homeless
56% --> Unaccompanied Single Adults
23% --> Children in Families
3% --> Unaccompanied Youth

of homeless children move within on year, many up to three times

Provide temporary housing and a safe environment for men, women and children, as well as workers where there is shelter, support, and services that could help lead families and individuals to a more stable life.
Decrease the number of men, women and children that are homeless in Bradley County by 10% as measured by a homelessness survey/census conducted by the Housing Coalition of Bradley County by January 2020 (5 years)
10-unit on-site apartment complex: $300 a month

One adult must be employed full-time for 4 weeks prior to program entry

Families work with case managers to complete goals

75% of any rent paid will be refunded
2 year maximum stay
Services offered:
Self-sufficiency classes
Career counseling
Money management
Job training
Placement services
Iron Shelter for Men
15 nightly beds

Residents are referred by case managers

Guests are involved in programs
Drug and alcohol prevention

Hours: 5:30pm - 6:30am

A staff member and volunteers stay over night

Light breakfast provided in the morning
Light Shelter for Women & Children
10 nightly beds

Referred by case manager

Guests must be involved in self-sufficiency programs

A staff and volunteers stay overnight

Hours: 5:30pm - 6:30am

Light breakfast provided in the morning
Worker's Shelter
Meant to fill-in the gap

Unaccommodating shelter hours make it difficult

5 rooms

Guests must be referred by case manager

Guests can stay in a room for 4 - 8 weeks
Involved in money management program
Save enough to secure permanent place to stay
Day Center
Access to Basic, Essential Services
Bathrooms, showers and hygiene products
Telephones and mail services
Computers and internet
Foot care
Sitting area

On-Site Partners
Case managers
Initial outreach and assessment
Educational and Self-Sufficiency Programs
Veteran Affairs
Social Security
Department of Human Services
Chattanooga Cares
Service. Shelter. Success.
Services for Children & Youth
Bus pick-up from school
For Family Unit children and working parents



Bible Study


Snacks provided
Partners & Funding
Veteran Affairs
Social Security
Department of Human Services
Lee University
Cleveland Utilities
Century 21
Badcock Furniture
Cooke's Food Store
Various local schools & teachers
Various local churches
Various local organizations

Evaluation & Outcome Measures
Evaluation of each need and each of our services was conducted at the end of each year leading up to year 5.

Year 2
Realization that numbers were a bit ambitious
However, numbers were steadily increasing

Numbers continued to increase throughout the years

Year 5 - Final evaluation included:
Long-term effectiveness of programs and services
Staff and volunteer involvement
Willingness of families/individuals to participate

3rd party members conducted evaluations in order to refrain from bias
United Way of Bradley County
Publix Super Markets Charities Grant
Chik-fil-A Foundation for Youth Education Grant
Whirl Pool Foundation Grant
Cleveland Utilities
Rent paid by guests
Personal Donations
Personal Commitment
2009 - Move to Tennessee to attend Lee University

2010 -
"New Face of Homelessness"
4 months of living in hotels
9 months of living with a friend
Personal Commitment
2011 - Moved into a 2-bedroom apartment

2012 - My brother graduated from Lee University

2013 - I graduated from Lee University

January 2014 - My brother graduated from the Police Academy

December 2014 - I will graduate with a Masters degree
Expenses: $168,000
Salary: $138,000
Rent (Family Housing & Day Center): $6,000
Programs: $6,000
Utilities: $3,000
Media/Marketing: $15,000

Revenue: $277,000
Direct Giving: $105,000
Grants: $80,000
Fund-Raising: $20,000
Rent from Guests: $36,000

Reserve Fund: $18,000
"Sometimes it's easy to walk by because we know we can't change someone's whole life in a single afternoon. But what we fail to realize is that simple kindness can go a long way toward encouraging someone who is stuck in a desolate place."
Mike Yankoski
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