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In the Beginning
Transcript of In the Beginning
Why did people come here?
Life In England. . . .
High hereditary or honorary rank that posses privileges and rights that others don't have
Rich landowners who have had the money for generations
Motivation for Immigration
The Columbian Exchange
Owning land was the main form of wealth
Political power and influence in the hands of the rich landownders
Classes of People in England:
These are the members of government:
Kings and Queens
This class is born into this status
Farmers between the rich and poor
Own their own farms
Work their own farms
Hard work on the farm
Merchants: People who trade goods made by another for a profit
Professional Men: doctors and lawyers
Middle Class People
Craftsman and Laborers
The great mass of the population
Probably half lived as subsistence or bare survival
Gin drinking was a bad habit used for many for comfort. Many ruined their health. . .
Evangelical Christians campaigned to end slavery and cruel sports!
Have to leave home country in order to survive
Attracted to a new way of life
A historical term indicating trade among 3 ports or regions. It is when a region exports stuff it doesn't need for survival to other regions in exchange for items that region has.
The best known triangular trade system is the transatlantic slave trade that operated in the late 16th to early 19th centuries.
This carried slaves, cash crops, and manufactured goods between West Africa, Caribbean or American colonies, and the European colonial powers (New England)
African slaves were important for growing colonial cash crops which were exported to Europe. European goods were in turn used to purchase slaves.
The Middle Passage was the stage of the triangular trade in which millions of people from Africa were shipped to the New World, as part of the Atlantic slave trade.
Ships departed Europe for African markets with manufactured goods, which were traded for purchased or kidnapped Africans, who were transported across the Atlantic as slaves.
The slaves were then sold or traded for raw materials, which would be transported back to Europe to complete the voyage.
Voyages on the Middle Passage were a large financial undertaking, and they were generally organized by companies or groups of investors rather than individuals.
The trips on these ships were very cruel and harsh. Slaves were jammed together under the deck and most did not see daylight again until they landed. This was months. There were no bathrooms and slaves were jammed so close together that they could hardly move. . .
Prior to the Revolutionary War, many people were getting tired of being harassed by the British government. The King believed that the colonists should still obey his orders even though he wasn’t on the same continent. Some of these orders were outlandish.
Relations in the Colonies. . .
The people of English Nobility believed that the colonists were still the common people therefore they were to answer to the King. They had no rights. The people in America saw opportunity to rise up and even become wealthy. They saw themselves as independent from a king who was an ocean away. After all, they had their own lives now.
The colonists split into 2 groups: the Patriots (those who wanted change) and Tories (those who were loyal to England).
Indentured Servants: These were poor people who came over to America to work for people so that they could survive. Their work was in exchange for their passage to America being paid for and their basic needs being met by their "owner." Indentured Servitude usually lasted 4-7 years.