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Hip Hop History

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Sascha Ellis

on 13 April 2016

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Transcript of Hip Hop History

The 1980's see the creation of Hip Hop as a product. Many companies start looking for a way to cash in.
1970's -
Hip Hop is influenced by both social changes and many unique genres of music
1988 -
"Straight Outta Compton" by the group N.W.A (Dr. Dre, Ice Cube, and Easy-E) was released and blew the entire rap game out the water... this track was a message to authority and the discrimination that was happening
Elements of Hip Hop
Hip Hop's Growth Spurt:
Artists beging to experiment with styles and sounds,
Drum machine introduced into production,
Rock n' Roll influence seen in RUN DMC's "King of Rock" and The Beastie Boys "Liscense to Ill",
Electronic Influences as well, Afrika Bambaataa's "Planet Rock",
Hip Hop begins making it's way into the suburban market
Kurtis Blow appears in a Sprite Commercial
Conscious Rap
The mid-eighties also see the rise of groups like; Public Enemy, De La Soul, and A Tribe Called Quest.
"In The Beginning..."
Hip Hop was a publicly practiced art. People would rap over songs at parties, in the streets or at clubs.
Commercial Appeal
Hip Hop in the 1990's was the decade of creating and introducing superstars...known as the
"Golden Age"

Hip hop became the
selling music genre by the mid 1990s.

Artists such as:
Jay-z, fresh prince, kid n play, Kris kross, Mase, Coolio,Tupac, Salt n Pepa, Biggie, Mobb Deep, Outkast, Lil Kim Beastie Boys, and Busta Rhymes came onto the scene!
In 1990, MC Hammer hit mainstream success with the multi platinum album Please Hammer, Don't Hurt 'Em. The record reached #1 and the first single, "U Can't Touch This" charted on the top ten of the billboard hot 100. MC Hammer became one of the most successful rappers of the early nineties and one of the first household names in the genre. THIS ABLUM RAISED HIP HOP POPULARITY!!!
The Beastie Boys' 1986 album Licensed to Ill, which was the first rap album to hit #1 on the Billboard charts.
"Krush Groove", a movie based on the story of Def Jam Records is released. It is a huge success.
With all this growth throughout the Eighties many people call this period "The Golden Age of Hip Hop."

In the
Female MC's
were picking up momentum and society started to take notice
...strong MC's in the 80's...female artist continue to emerge and the female voice is definitely being heard...or is it???

What is your take? Are females being seen as great MC's?

Prime artist 80's-90's

Prime artist now
Salt n Pepa Nicki Minaj
Queen Latifa Dej Loaf
MC Lyte
Roxanne Chante

JJ Fad
Lil Kim
Foxy Brown
Missy Elliott


How do female MC's differ now from thier 80's counterparts?
what are your thoughts regarding money, power, and hip hop?
Dr. Dre was influencing hip hop left, right, and centre by producing albums such as Eminem's debut album and 50 cents "get rich or die trying" (2003)
Hip hop became heavily commercialized and influenced by the $$$!!!

In your opinion, how important is "status" in the hip hop industry?...why do you think this has happened?
Hip Hop influences also found their way increasingly into mainstream pop during this period mainly the mid 2000s...midwest hip hop started to take off with artist such as the one we are about to see..........
Nelly: Grillz (2005)
Nelly: Country Grammer (2000)
Los Angeles started to lose its power over the hip hop industry......
Dirty South Hip Hop take ova!
Meanwhile in Atlanta an artist named Ludacris and a group called Oukast came out and dropped a songs in the early 2000's that ruled the airwaves called "southern hospitality" (2000) "sorry miss jackson" (2001) that literally took over air waves....WE also cant forget Waka Flocka with "Oh lets do it"....and Gucci Mane with "lemonade"
This movement in Hip Hop led to a dance style called "KRUMPIN!"
Merchandizing and branding were becoming staples within Hip Hop culture. Icons such as Jay-z quickly started to build his brand. As Jigga's career progressed, he went from performing artist to label president, head of a clothing line, club owner, and market consultant
"Im not a business man... im a businessman..."-Jigga!

what other southern hip hop artist can you name?
Starting in 2005, sales of hip hop music in the United States began to severely wane, leading Time magazine to question if mainstream hip-hop was "dying." Billboard Magazine found that, since 2000, rap sales dropped 44%, and declined to 10% of all music sales, which, while still a commanding figure when compared to other genres, is a significant drop from the 13% of all music sales where rap music regularly placed
DECLINE of Hip Hop album sales!
Innovation and Revitalization of Hip Hop KANYE WEST!

Do you think Kanye WEst saved Hip Hop? If yes, why? and if no why? Below: "All Falls Down" (2004)
Is there a hip hop song that means something to you....

Hop on a computer, find the lyrics and print them out...

Why does it speak to you? Do you think the artist felt the same as you do when writing it? Is there a certain line that sticks out to you?
Write your own lyrics/spoken word. Tell your own story. Share a personal experience with the group. Could be something as simple as your morning routine to an argument you had with someone.
Was this an easy process? Was it fun? Challenging? Would it be easier to do the opposite of what you did?
Activity -
The Beats
1 -"Otis" - Jay Z and Kanye
2 - "Moment of Life" - Nicki Minaj
3 - "Mercy" - Kanye West et al.
4 - "I Can" - Nas
5 - "Fancy" - Drake
6 - "Dance (A$$)" Big Sean
Hip hop Influences Today:
Other Rap Songs
What else are you
hearing in hip-hop?
Activity -
Kool DJ Herc
Considered the first "rap producer".
Used turntables to create new sounds
Recorded the results, sometimes with MC's rapping over them.
Afrikka Bambaataa
Commonly called "The Godather of Hip Hop"
is an instrumental or percussion section or interlude during a song derived from or related to stop-time – being a "break" from the main parts of the song or piece.
In the late 1970s and early 1980s, hip-hop turntablists began using several Funk BREAKS in a row, using irregular drum patterns from songs such as James Brown's Funky Drummerto form the rhythmic base for hip-hop songs.

DJ Herc's breakbeat style was to play the same record on two turntables and play the break repeatedly by alternating between the two records.
The drum machine is introduced...
A drum machine is an electronic musical instrument designed to imitate the sound of drums or other percussion instruments. They are used in a variety of musical genres, not just hip hop.
Founded the Universal Zulu Nation; a group to keep teens out of trouble through using Hip Hop
Took what DJ Kool Herc did and improved upon it.
Dr. Dre
First found fame with N.W.A.
An integral part of establishing a "West Coast" sound in Hip Hop.
Discovered and made many artists into superstars. (Eminem, Snoop Dogg, 50 Cent)
Founding member of The
Wu Tang Clan
Created a gritty sound full of Kung Fu samples
Music has helped him get into acting, fashion and even lecturing at some universities.
Pharrell (and The Neptunes/N.E.R.D)
Has huge influence on hip-hop in the
late 90's

Brings in a full band to create a hip hop sound....Joins many rappers on their tracks; either
Hit Boy
28 Year Old Canadian prodigy has produced some of the biggest hits in the past few years-
"In Paris" - Jay-Z and Kanye West
"Drop The World" - Lil' Wayne and Eminem
"Goldie" ASAP Rocky
"How bout now"-Drake
Speakers goin hammer-Soulja boy

Has his own mixtape where he produces and raps called "HITstory"
Everything moves home and the tools needed to become a rap producer can be found in anyone's laptop.
Program's like E-Jay, Froot Loops (now FL Studio), and Mac's Garageband
Most modern drum machines are sequencers with a sample playback (rompler) or synthesizer component that specializes in the reproduction of instruments.
Why Do We Dance?

How Does Dancing Make You Feel?

Can Dancing Tell A Story?
Go on to YouTube and find a dance move tutorial...
Take some time to learn the move...
And then teach it to the group.
Activitiy -
a style of street dance that originated among youths in New York City during the early 1970s
Breaking or b-boying consists of four things : toprock, downrock, power moves, and freezes/suicides.
Breakdancing went on to inspire many other dancing styles and even created a few new ones...
Tons of movies have been focused around breaking like; "Krush Groove","Step Up", "You Got Served"
What other styles of dance do you enjoy?
Have hip hop or breakdancing had an
influence on it?
What is the story that this style tells?
What decides the feeling of a song
The Beat or The Lyrics?
The term, graffiti, referred to the inscriptions, figure drawings, and such, found on the walls of ancient sepulchers or ruins, as in the Catacombs of Rome or at Pompeii. Use of the word has evolved to include any graphics applied to surfaces in a manner that constitutes vandalism.
Graffiti becomes intertwined with Hip Hop when the art form explodes in Philadelphia and New York City. Crews being tagging tunnels, buildings and even subway cars.
People begin using graffiti as a way of expression as well. This has become a world wide phenenomenom...
One of the most well known artists today is Banksy. He uses humour Graffiti to speak out violence, social issues and politics...
Is graffiti art or vandalism?
Activity -
Put dat album together...
Create a mixtape of at least 10 songs that mean something to you.

Write a brief explanation (a couple sentences...) for why you chose each one.

Create an album cover and tracklisting. Either by drawing or using a computer program (Photoshop/Paint/etc...)
Tell me a story using either rap lyric format or
spoken word...

This can be something simple like your morning routine or something more personal like your first heartbreak...

I'll be writing with you so just ask for any help if needed...

Day Two -
What you know about dem dances, beats, and more...



Grand Wizzard Theodore
The Inventor of Scratching...
by accident.
Terms You've Heard -

Purple Drink/Drank/Syrup
Turnt Up/Turn Up
What elese are you hearing?
Where Did Hip Hop Start?

A cypher is a rap form usually done in group form..where rappers rhyme over a beat and take turns doing it. It is supose to be a freestyle art form but this isnt always the case
Broken glass everywhere
People pissing on the stairs, you know they just don't care
I can't take the smell, I can't take the noise
Got no money to move out, I guess I got no choice
Rats in the front room, roaches in the back
Junkies in the alley with the baseball bat
I tried to get away, but I couldn't get far
Cause a man with a tow-truck repossessed my car
"I said a hip hip hop...yeah it dont stop im bout to pop and drop these lyrics non stop..."
Dj world championship winner 2011 USA
Is hip hop dead???
Nas seems to think so...

what do you think of hip hop now?
Where is it going?
Does SEX sell in hip hop?

Maestro fresh wes!...
Hip Hop dance Craze!
Hip-Hop Dance:

Everyone knows that hip hop is paired with dancing....the two go togeher like butter and toast. There is always a dance or some sort of step that everyone does when it comes to hip hop.
Chris Brown said...
" when hip hop is on something comes over your body....it keeps the world movin"

Does hip hop get the party started ?

It started with breaking, locking, and popping but has moved on from that!
Can you name any popular hip hop dances that came out in the 2000's era????
Hip hop and emotion!
Do you think it exists???

In hip hop there is just some magic in truth, honesty, and openness
-Frank Ocean
Why do you think hip hop carries such strong emotions in its videos and lyrics?
Its your turn pick a hip hop song that reflects strong emotion
So what was happening in Canada???
What are negative messages associated with hip hop?
Rhyme cirlce!
Drake vs. Meek Mill

Something is different???
"Missy" Elliott (born July 1, 1971) is an American rapper, singer-songwriter, and record producer. Her first major success came as a songwriter with childhood friend and producer Timbaland. Her pesonaility is over the top in her music and she always has sick dance moves

Started her career in 1991 with "super dupa fly" and has become one of the top selling hip hop female artist. She has inspired many artist such as Nicki Minaj, Trina, Iggy, Dej Loaf, etc...and she always inspires the dancers with her banging hits!


Who are some hot rappers right now??? let me hear your picks
Rae Sremmurd
Fetty Wap
Chief Kief
Dej Loaf
Meek Mill
Lil Herb
Young Thug
Lil Wayne
Nicki Minaj
Kanye West
J. Cole
Kevin Gates
Schoolboy Q
Big Sean
2 chainz
Big Sean
French Montana
ASap Rocky
Party Next Door

Paul Wall, is an southern American rapper. He was currently affiliated with Swishahouse Records, having released several albums under the label as well as collaborating with other rappers signed to the label.

He was formerly musical partners with rapper Chamillionaire releasing several collaborative albums. In 2005, he was signed to Atlantic Records and became successful with his major-label debut The Peoples Champ

one of the illest flows i have ever heard had to come from his biggest track....500,000

Les Twins
Laurent and Larry Bourgeois
are French dancers, choreographers, and models. Often referred to by their respective nicknames,
"Lil Beast"
"Ca Blaze"
, they are recognized internationally for their talents in new style hip-hop dancing...they are now
full time dancers!
Individuals of different races started to rap! (Huh??)
during the late 90's and early
rappers such as Paul Wall, Bubba Sparxx, and Eminem made a huge contribution to hip hop culture...Lately, rappers such as Yelawolf and MGK have been making headway both underground and mainstream...Some think that they are not credible because their white and not linked to the culture...but their lyrical skills and following are making close minded critic eat their words!!
KRS-One, is an American rapper and occasional producer from The Bronx, New York City, KRS-One rose to prominence as part of the group Boogie Down Productions, which he formed with DJ Scott La Rock in the late 1980s. KRS-One is noted to be a politically active musician having started the Stop the Violence Movement, after the death of Scott La Rock, and the Temple of Hip Hop, as well as addressing political issues in his music.
What is hip-hop???
what's your story?
"It aint hard to tell I excel then prvail..."
When I was young me and my mama had beef
Seventeen years old kicked out on the streets
Though back at the time, I never thought I'd see her face
Ain't a woman alive that could take my mama's place
Suspended from school; and scared to go home, I was a fool
with the big boys, breakin all the rules
I shed tears with my baby sister
Over the years we was poorer than the other little kids
And even though we had different daddy's, the same drama
When things went wrong we'd blame mama
I reminisce on the stress I caused, it was hell
Huggin on my mama from a jail cell
And who'd think in elementary?
Heeey! I see the penitentiary, one day
And runnin from the police, that's right
Mama catch me, put a whoopin to my backside
And even as a crack fiend, mama
You always was a black queen, mama
I finally understand
for a woman it ain't easy tryin to raise a man
You always was committed
A poor single mother on welfare, tell me how ya did it
There's no way I can pay you back
But the plan is to show you that I understand
You are appreciated

Don't cha know we love ya? Sweet lady
Dear mama
Place no one above ya, sweet lady
You are appreciated
Don't cha know we love

what makes dope lyrics?
Does hip hop need this?
n July 2015, Meek Mill publicly criticized Drake on Twitter, calling him out for not writing his own lyrics and that Drake used Ghostwritter Quentin Miller

Meek Mill's claims received support from Funkmaster Flex, and that "10 Bands", was pre written

Drake and others say Drake writes his own songs and number 1 hits for others

On July 25, 2015, Drake premiered a track, titled "Charged Up"

On July 29, Drake released an aggressive diss track named "Back to Back (Freestyle)" that further attacked Meek Mill. The track, streamed over 500,000 times in 4 hours

Bubba Sparxxx
Paul Wall
Does skin colour matter when it comes to great lyrics and got MC's???
Trap music is a music genre that originated in the early 1990s in the Southern United States. It is typified by its aggressive lyrical content and sound, where the instrumentals are propelled by 808 kick drums or heavy extended sub-bass lines, double-time, triple-time and other faster time division hi-hats, layered synthesizers, and "cinematic" strings.
How you make dat beat?
Funky Drummer!
Wu-Tang is an East Coast American hip hop group from New York City, starting in 1990, includes:
RZA, GZA, Method Man, Raekwon, Ghostface Killah, Inspectah Deck, U-God, Masta Killa, Cappadonna and the late Ol' Dirty Bastard.

Big in the underground scene, one of the most influential hip hop groups, known for their "smooth but grimy flow,"

Anybody know what the first single was called?

Fill in the blank "we are the wu-tang killah _______
Is an American rapper, record producer, and songwriter. Timbaland's first full credit production work was in 1996 on Ginuwine...the Bachelor for R&B singer Ginuwine.

Public Enemy
Public Enemy is an American hip hop group consisting of Chuck D, Flavor Flav, DJ Lord, The S1W group, Khari Wynn and Professor Griff. Formed in Long Island, New York in 1982, they are known for their politically charged lyrics and criticism of the American media, with an active interest in the frustrations and concerns of the African American community......they stomped the world with this track
what do you guys think makes a great hip hop anthem?
House of Pain
Full transcript