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Biodiversity Hotspots: Sundaland

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on 12 November 2013

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Transcript of Biodiversity Hotspots: Sundaland

Biodiversity Hotspots: Sundaland
Where is Sundaland?
Sundaland covers the western half of the Indo-Malayan archipelago
The hotspot is the lowlands of the greater Southeast Asian Peninsula
Sundaland's Endemic Species
Animals: Bali and Javan tigers, Javan and Sumatran rhinos, orangutans

Plants: 60 % of 25,000 species of vascular plants are threatened including the Titan Arum and the Rafflesia.
Human Impacts Toward Decline in Biodiversity
Endangered/Threatened due to Characteristics
What Biome is Sundland located?
Tropical rain forest
Coral reefs
Lowland rainforest
Sandy and rocky coastlines harbor stands of beach forest, while muddy shores are lined with mangrove forests, replaced inland by large peat swamp forests.
Poaching forced both the Bali and Javan tigers into extinction, and the Javan and Sumatran rhinos to be highly threatened.
Slash and burn has led to the loss of many acres of forest through uncontrolled fires.
Turtles, snakes, geckos, pangolins, bear, and monkeys are often illegally smuggled for pet trade
Javan Rhino
Javan Tiger
Protecting Sundaland
Center for International Forestry Research
- conducts research the supports efforts to improve both forestry and agricultural practices in the region.

Critical Ecosystem Fund
- Conservation International established field programs to protect the remaining forested areas.
Rafflesia
Orangutans
Endangered mammals such as the rhinos, tigers, and orangutans are k-species. Since, they don't reproduce as fast as r-species, they have a greater risk of becoming endangered/extinct.
Considered vulnerable due to disturbance by tourists and collecting of flower buds for traditional medicine.
Orangutans have low maturity rate as well as a low reproductive rate.
Pangolin
Sundaland's 17,000 islands cover just over 1% of the Earth's land surface, it is host to 10% of the world's flowering plant species, 12% of the world's mammal, 17% of the world's bird, and more than 25% of the world's fish species.
Sundaland's 17,000 islands cover just over 1% of the Earth's land surface, it is host to 10% of the world's flowering plant species, 12% of the world's mammal, 17% of the world's bird, and more than 25% of the world's fish species.
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