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Transcript of Poetry
Verse A poems rhythmical pattern. This pattern is determined by the number and types of stresses or beats in each line. Types of metric feet Number of metric feet Iamb-a foot with one unstressed syllable followed by one stressed syllable as in the word "around".
Trochee-a foot with one stressed syllable followed by one unstressed syllable, as in the word "broken".
Anapest-a foot with two unstressed syllables followed by one stressed syllable, as in the phrase "in a flash".
Dactyle-a foot with one stressed syllable followed by two unstressed syllable, as in the word "argument"
Spondee-a foot with two stressed syllables as in the word "airship".
Pyrrhic-a foot with two unstressed syllables as in the last foot of the word "imag[ining]" Monometer-verse written in one foot lines.
Dimeter-verse written in two foot lines.
Trimeter-verse written in three foot lines.
Tetrameter-verse written in four foot lines.
Pentameter-verse written in five foot lines. Metric foot - The style of stressed and unstressed syllables within a meter. COMBINED iambicpentameter
dactylicdimeter STYLE NUMBER The repetition of sounds at the ends of words. Rhyming words have identical vowel sounds in their final accented syllables. The consonants before the vowels may be different, but any consonants occurring after these vowels are the same. RHYME SCHEME Is a regular pattern of rhyme words in a poem. To describe a rhyme scheme, one uses a letter of the alphabet to represent each rhyming sound in a poem or stanza. types of rhymes End rhyme-occur when rhyming words are repeated at the end of lines
Internal rhyme-Occur when rhyming words fall within a line.
Approximate, or slant rhyme-Occurs when the rhyming sounds are similar but not exact "prove and glove". CONSONANCE ASSONANCE Is the repetition of similar final consonant sounds at the ends of words or accented syllables. Is the repetition of vowel sounds in conjunction with dissimilar consonant sounds. "given and distance" the "i" sound repeats while the g-n d-s. A group of lines in a poem that are considered to be a unit. Many poems are divided into stanzas that are separated by spaces. Stanzas ofter function just like a paragraph in prose. Each stanza states and develops a main idea. Stanzas are commonly named according to the number of lines found in them. Dust of Snow
The way a crow
Shook down on me
The dust of snow
From a hemlock tree
Has given my heart
A change of mood
And saved some part
Of a day I had rued.
~Robert Frost~ Couplet-a two-line stanza
Tercet-a three-line stanza
Quatrain-a four-line stanza
Cinquain-a five-line stanza
Sestate-a six-line stanza
Heptastick-a seven-line stanza
Octave-a eight-line stanza Types of Stanzas a single metrical line of poetry types of verse Blank verse- poetry written in unrhymed iambicpentameter.
Free verse-poetry that lacks a regular rhythmical pattern or meter. A writer of free verse is at liberty to use any rhythms appropriate to what he or she is saying. The Ball Poem
What is the boy now, who has lost his ball,
What, what is he to do? I saw it go
Merrily bouncing, down the street, and then
Merrily over-there it is in the water!
John Berryman Suicide's Note
Cool face of the river
Asked me for a kiss.
Langston Hughes Types of poems Lyric Poem Sonnet A melodic poem that expresses the observations and feelings of a single speaker. A 14 line lyric poem. Focused on a single theme. They can have many variations but are usually written in iambicpentameter, Following 1 or 2 traditional patterns. Petrarchon or italian, sonnet split into two parts, one octave and one sestet. When I Consider How My Light Is Spent
When I consider how my light is spent
Ere half my days, in this dark world and wide,
And that one talent which is death to hide
Lodged with me useless, though my soul more bent
To serve therewith my Maker, and present
My true account, lest he returning chide;
"Doth God exact day-labor, light denied?"
I fondly ask; but Patience to prevent
That murmur, soon replies, "God doth not need
Either man's work or his own gifts; who best
Bear his mild yoke, they serve him best. His state
Is kingly. Thousands at his bidding speed
And post o'er land and ocean without rest:
They also serve who only stand and wait."
John Milton Shall i compare thee to a summers day?
Shall I compare thee to a summer's day?
Thou art more lovely and more temperate:
Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May,
And summer's lease hath all too short a date:
Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines,
And often is his gold complexion dimm'd;
And every fair from fair sometime declines,
By chance or nature's changing course untrimm'd;
But thy eternal summer shall not fade
Nor lose possession of that fair thou owest;
Nor shall Death brag thou wander'st in his shade,
When in eternal lines to time thou growest:
So long as men can breathe or eyes can see,
So long lives this, and this gives life to thee.
Shakespear Shakesperean or English, sonnet Consists of three quatrains and a concluding couplet Dramatic poetry a poem that makes use of the conventions of drama. Such poems may be monologues or dialogues or may present the speech of many characters. Dramatic monologue a poem or speech in which on imaginary character speaks to a silent listener. Even had you skill
In speech—(which I have not)—to make your will
Quite clear to such an one, and say, 'Just this
Or that in you disgusts me; here you miss,
Or there exceed the mark' -- and if she let
Herself be lessoned so, nor plainly set
Her wits to yours, forsooth, and made excuse,
—E'en then would be some stooping... My Last Duchess Naratives Tells a story in verse Metrical Romances Poems that tell stories of chivalry Epics Long poem about deeds of gods or heroes. Homer's
The Odyssey Ballads A song like poem that tell a story, often one dealing with adventure and romance. Simple Language 4 to 6 line stanzas Rhyme Regular meter John Henry was a railroad man.
He worked from six 'till five,
"Raise 'em up bullies and let 'em drop down,
I'll beat you to the bottom or die."
John Henry said to his captain:
"You are nothing but a common man,
Before that steam drill shall beat me down,
I'll die with my hammer in my hand."
John Henry said to the Shakers:
"You must listen to my call,
Before that steam drill shall beat me down,
I'll jar these mountains till they fall." John Henry Imagists Wrote short poems that used ordinary language and free verse to create sharp, exact, concentrated pictures. Suicide's Note
Cool face of the river
Asked me for a kiss.
Langston Hughes Surrealists A modern style of art and literature that tries to organize art according to the irrational dictator of the unconscious mind. The Absence
I speak to you across cities
I speak to you across plains
My mouth is upon your pillow
Both faces of the walls come meeting
My voice discovering you
I speak to you of eternity
O cities memories of cities
Cities wrapped in our desires
Cities come early cities come lately
Cities strong and cities secret
Plundered of their master's builders
All their thinkers all their ghosts
Fields pattern of emerald
Bright living surviving
The harvest of the sky over our earth
Feeds my voice I dream and weep
I laugh and dream among the flames
Among the clusters of the sun
And over my body your body spreads
The sheet of it's bright mirror Scansion The process of analyzing a poems metrical pattern . to do this, stressed and unstressed syllables are marked to determine the style and number of feet. You might need to know Speaker Theme Figurative language Paraphrase Subject Summary a central message or insight into life revealed by literary work. A brief condensation of the main idea or story of a literary work. A summary is similar to a paraphrase, but less detailed. The restatement in ones own words of what we understand a literary work to say. The voice of the poem. usually the poet but can be a character or even inanimate object. A writing or speech not meant to be taken seriously. Writers use this to express ideas in vivid and imaginative ways. The main topic of a poem, story, or play. By Mason Barber THE END Average at best