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Transcript of Ancient Greece
The number one myth of greek is the gods and godesses. here are a few.
The Pomegranite Seeds are another one of the legends.
Art in Ancient Greece
Art in Ancient Greece was very important. Some art forms that they use are sculptures and arhcitecure.
In Greece, the soil
wasn't very good for growing crops.
They didn't have the best fresh water either.The enviroment had lots of hills and the hills made it hard to live on them. Greece also had a lot of coastlines and beaches.
The clothing in ancient Greece was very different then we have today. Back then they had what the would either be called a toga or a peplos. Togas and peploses were a sort of robe that would go around the entire body like a dress.
Here is a picture of one.
One form of art that they had was pottery. This was not only used as art, it was also used to eat, carry water, and as trophies.
Travel and Transportation
In ancient Greece they did not have cars like they have today they would etheir walk or would sit in carriges pulled by mules and horses.
Farming and use of Water
Daily lifestyles in Ancient Greece; The roles of men, women and children.
Farming in ancient Greece was difficult due to the limited amount of good soil and cropland. It is estimated that only twenty percent of the land was usable for growing crops. The main crops were barley, grapes, and olives.
Grain crops, such as barley and wheat, were planted in October and harvested in April or May. Olives were harvested November through February. Grapes were normally picked in September.
Barley was the main cereal crop for the ancient Greek farmers. They made the barley into porridge or ground it into flour to make bread. Olive oil was used for cooking oil or in oil lamps. Grapes were primarily used for wine production, although they could be eaten or dried into raisins. The Greeks watered down wine, mixing one part wine with two parts water. Drinking wine straight was considered barbaric.
Most farms were small with four or five acres of land. Farmers grew enough food to support their families and, at times, they grew a small surplus to sell at the local market. There were some very large farms run by overseers while the owner lived in the city. One record showed a farmer making 30,000 drachmas in a year off his large farm. (An average worker made about two drachmas a day.) This was the exception because most farms were small to medium sized.
The Greeks believed it was important to get married and have a family. The fathers normally arranged the marriage. The bride's family gave a dowry; usually a sum of money to the man she would marry to set up the home. Women married when they were about 14, and men twice that age.
They also made sculptures as a form of art. The greeks would make sculptures or figurines of gods and godesses. Some of the kinds of sculptures are metal, archaic, and classical. Classical sculptures are very detailed and usually made out of marble or rock.
Part 2: The wealthy and the poor
In ancient times,
people were normally set apart by their wealth. Wealthy families lived a littled easier than others.Poor people normally served the higher class people.
Women would wear peploses and men would wear togas.
The Lifestyle Of Men
The Greeks also used architecture as art. Greece was filled with mountains and rocky areas so the buildings were biult on the rocks most of the time. They made lots of beautiful temples too!
The most efficient transpotation in greece was by boat. However if the greeks were traveling over land they would use carriges or wagons. Although they had wagons travelling long distinces on land was difficult and there wasn't many ways to travell that long.
Once again, men lived different
lifestyles depending on their wealth
Persephone had grown into a beautiful young woman, with a smile for everyone. One day, while picking flowers in the fields, Hades, her uncle, the god of the underworld, noticed her.
Hades was normally a gloomy fellow. But Persephone’s beauty had dazzled him. He fell in love instantly. Quickly, before anyone could interfere, he kidnapped Persephone and hurled his chariot down into the darkest depths of the underworld, taking Persephone with him.
Locked in a room in the Hall of Hades, Persephone cried and cried. She refused to speak to Hades. And she refused to eat. Legend said if you ate anything in Hades, you could never leave. She did not know if the legend was true, but she did not want to risk it in case someone came to rescue her.
Nearly a week went by. Finally, unable to bear her hunger, Persephone ate six pomegranate seeds. It seemed her fate was sealed. She would have to live in the Underworld forever.
Meanwhile, back on earth, Zeus was worried about the crops. The people would die if the crops failed. If that happened, who would worship Zeus? He had to do something. Zeus did what he often did. He sent Hermes, his youngest son, the messenger, to crack a deal, this time with Hades.
Even as a baby, Hermes was great at making deals. Everyone knew that. But this deal might be the challenge of his life. His uncle Hades, king of the underworld, was really in love. This was no passing fancy.
When Hermes heard that Persephone had eaten six pomegranate seeds, he had to think quickly. The deal he made with Hades was that if Persephone would marry Hades, she would live as queen of the underworld for six months out of the year. However, each spring, Persephone would return and live on earth for the other six months of the year. Hades agreed. Zeus agreed. Persephone agreed. And finally, Demeter agreed.
Each spring, Demeter makes sure all the flowers bloom in welcome when her daughter, Queen of the Underworld, returns to her. Each fall, when Persephone returns to Hades, Demeter cries, and lets all the crops die until spring, when the cycle starts again.
Greek men who weren't very wealthy learned a skill and spent their lives working at it. Whereas the wealthier men would spend most of their day
at the agora. They shopped, did
business and listened to speakers.
Most of a mans social life was spent with other men. They went to the theater and parties together. They also went to a gymnasium, which is like a modern gym basically. Most healthy young men spent several years in military training. They did this so they were prepared if they were called to war.
Women spent most of their time at home cooking, cleaning, spinning wool and weaving. They also made a variety of household items such as wall hangings, pillows, and blankets.
Trade and Economy
The language spoke in Greece was greek.
The greeks were complimented by the cultivation Economy in Ancient Greece is characterized by the extreme importance of importing goods. the olive tree and grape vine were complemented by the cultivation of herbs, vegtables, and oil-producing plants.
This is the Greek alphabet.
Another greek lengend is the story of Medusa. Medusa loved one of the Posieden so Athena cursed her and replaced her hair with snakes so she would never be loved again.
The Environment in Greece
This is a music video of the greek alphabet.
In Ancient Greece they used to usually trade olive-oil, slaves, pottery, and food. They traded with countries in the medatranian area.
Dwellings and Structures
Houses in Ancient Greece were made out of rock or clay. They were tiled on the floor to keep the floor cool, and they were also tiled on the roof.
Most houses had one or two levels. Larger homes had a men's dinning room, a ladie's sitting room, and a room for bathing. Men and women had diffrent parts of the house. The ladies would have the back of the house and the upstairs, and men would have the front of the house.
The greek alphabet is Alpha, Beta, Gamma, Delta, Epsilon, Zeta, Eta, Theta, Iota, Kappa, Lambda, Mu, Nu, Xi, Omicron, Pi, Rho, Sigma, Tau, Upsilon, Phi, Chi, Psi, and Omega.
Woman cared for the children and and taught their daughters the skills for when they get older. Rich woman had slaves to help. Occasionaly, a male slave would accompany a woman at the Agora to do some shopping.
Government and Class Structure!
The highest class people were the Rich, Philosophers or Heroes. In Upper Class there were citizens. In Upper Middle Class there is Poor Citizens. And lastly, in High Prole, there were slaves, particularly women, children, and foreign slaves.
Technology In Ancient Greece
There were lots of different kinds of technology in ancient greece but we will only mention three.
Talos, automatic doors, Heronas` steam engine.
The Greeks had many different kinds of government because there were different city states in ancient Greece. Aristotle divided Greek governemnts into monarchies, oligarchies, tyrannies, and democracies.
At each period, different city states were using a different system, but there were also some that never even became democracies or tyrannies.
Greece began by having monarchies, oligarchies, tyrannies, and democracies.
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These are ancient greek coins that they would trade with.