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10-3 Arielle Lyles

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Arielle Lyles

on 17 March 2011

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Transcript of 10-3 Arielle Lyles

Types of Chemical Reactions Chapter 10, Section 3 Important terms: synthesis reaction: a reaction in which two or more substances combine to from one new compound decomposition reaction: a reaction in which a single compound breaks down to form two or more simpler substances single-displacement reaction: a reaction in which one element takes the place of another element in a compund double-displacement reaction: a reaction in which a gas, a solid precipitate, or a molecular compound forms from the exchange of ions between two compounds Examples: Sodium reacts with chlorine to form sodium chloride in this synthesis reaction. 2Na + Cl2 ----->2NaCl In this decomposition reaction, carbonic acid , H2CO3 decomposes to form water and carbon dioxide. H2CO3---->H2O + CO2 Zinc replaces the hydrogen in hydrochloric acid to form zinc chloride and hydrogen gas in this single-displacement reaction. Zn + 2HCl ---> ZnCl2 + H2 A double-displacement reaction occurs when sodium chloride reacts with silver to form sodium fluoride and silver chloride (a precipitate. NaCl + AgF ----> NaF + AgCl
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