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20131112 Suji and Xueyan - THE RISE OF CHINA

Soft power

Xeya Xg

on 10 March 2014

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Transcript of 20131112 Suji and Xueyan - THE RISE OF CHINA

"MINDS" in the Rise of China

Su Jeong Ji and Xueyan Xing
Leadership & Human
5) features of
Chinese Leadership - New China
6) How China has generated support for its policies
7) How China has generated support for its policies
at home
- What is "ideational power"?
1) Joseph Nye, 1990
Soft power:
- “attraction rather than coercion”
- “allies, economic assistance, and cultural exchanges”
- “public opinion and credibility"
2) Ideational power & Soft power
- close concepts
- innovation; political and diplomatic leadership

Question: Why would the West hope that China will undergo political liberalization?
Leadership and Human Resources
Mao Zedong, Deng Xiaoping, (Jiang Zeming), Hu Jintao, Xi Jinping
Innovation and Research
- Confucian Institute
- Culture and the ideational power

- Reinforcement of culture; Confucianism

Why China felt the necessity to reform as a new China?

1. Spread of Capitalism

2. Lessons from 'Tiananmen protests' and 'Soviet collapse

2-1) Tiananmen protests

2-2) Soviet collapse

How Does China generate support for its policies

With foreign policy
: “Peaceful rise” → “Peaceful development”

1. Progressive engagement with the liberal international order
: “The richer and more modern China becomes, the more it relies on, and integrates with, the international community” (p.135)

2. Suggest an alternative model
State-managed capitalism
: Capitalism in a less Western, less liberal format
→ Diminish the traditional leverage and centrality of Western economic power
  Chairman of the CPC Central Military Commission
  President of the People's Republic of China
  Chairman of the CPC Politburo Standing Committee
Education: inside China, outside China, between China and the outside world
Diplomacy: improvements
- Higher education
- Hard power (technology)
Aeronautics and astronautics
- Should the West be afraid? Not yet.
- Problems / critiques
Shameless plagiarism
“A central dimension of ideational power that is a net positive for China that consists of the work, investment, and aspirational elements that we associate with the Chinese Culture”
Harper, Stefan (2010) The Beijing Consensus
Kurlantzick, Joshua (2007) Charm Offensive
Lampton, David (2008) The Three Faces of Chinese Power
How does China generate support for its policies
at home
1) Nationalism

: "Chinese Nationalism" is

1) a great source of
and strength for Beijing

2) a potentially
lethal weapon
that its
can aim at the regime's heart

3) a source of
anxiety to foreigners
(p. 147)

: A global phenomenon
: Achieve economic growth → increase living standard and political stability

=> China has come to
rely on international market and global trade to sustain economic growth
, rising standards of living and political stability
: A limited student movement could quickly draw support from other elements and escalate beyond control

=> Coercion along was inappropriate to maintain control over time

“Gorbachev made a fundamental errors by loosening the political reins faster than he was able to introduce economic reforms sufficient to cushion any changes on the political front” (p. 142)

- dogmatic ideology
- entrenched elites and dormant party organization
- isolated economy

Ideological dogmatism dismissed certain reforms as capitalist
Ideological and Diplomatic Aspects in China's ideational power
1) features of
Chinese Leadership - New China
2) How China has generated support for its policies
3) How China has generated support for its policies
at home
4) Again, Quality and Skills of
Chinese Leadership

Features of Chinese Leadership
Features of the new China's Leadership
1) strengthen
the comprehensive power of the state
2) consider material
living standard of the people
3) be more
ideologically flexible
4) seek for
progressive transformation

Chinese Leadership in Ideational Power
1. Reassurance
2. Distinction from the powerful's order

1. Sustain Growth
2. an appeal to nationalism
Is China's model attractive to be applicable to other countries?

Are there limitations to apply?

How do you think about this statement;
"China's attempt to reassure others in the international system with ideational power will be effective only as long as its coercive and economic faces are also reassuring"?

"Increased prosperity under market reform for countries like China would naturally lead to gradual
assimilation with the liberal international order
and greater
pluralism at home
" (p.136)

How does China deal with the issues?
Full transcript