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Huntington's Theory: Revolution and Political Order

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Tamara Shan

on 28 August 2014

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Transcript of Huntington's Theory: Revolution and Political Order

Scavenger HUNT(ington) : A Map to Revolution
A
Rapid
and
Violent
series of domestic changes in a society’s government and social structure
Different from
Coups
change only in leadership (and possibly policies)
Revolts /Insurrections
change in government but not social structures or values
Wars of Independence
struggle of one community against the rule of another but no guaranteed change in social structure or values of either society
What is Modernization?
Principle that man has the power and right to control and change his (political) environment
Revolution is the people’s way of exercising their right to change and take back control of their circumstances
the ultimate expression of modernization

You Found It! Revolution!!!
Whether its Western or Eastern, you now know Huntington's Theory.
Who is Samuel P. Huntington?
Born on April 18, 1927
Education
Graduated from Yale at 18,
Master’s degree from Chicago
PhD from Harvard
Most famous literary work:
The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of the World Order
(1996)
What is a Revolution?
Definition of a Revolution
Revolution is triggered by Modernization
-According to Huntington, revolution cannot simply occur in any type of society at any period in its history.
Unlikely to occur in
highly traditional societies with little social and economic variation.
highly modernized societies
Most likely to occur in
societies where political modernization and political development have lagged behind social and economic development
-Full scale Revolution v.s. A successful revolution
-Two Distinct "Patterns of Revolution
Western "Pattern"
Eastern "Pattern"
Western "Pattern" of Revolution
Eastern "Pattern" of Revolution
1949 Revolution of China
The French Revolution
When Will Revolution Occur?
-
Stage 1
: Political institutions of the old regime collapse
even after the old regime collapses Revolutions are not inevitable
-
Stage 2
: Mobilization of new groups into politics
-
Stage 3
: creation of new political institutions
-Moderates vs. Revolutionaries vs. Counterrevolutionaries
Example of Western Revolution
Peasants (moderates) overthrow the Bourgeoisie
complete reconstruction of previous social order and political authority
REIGN OF TERROR = Radicals
-
Step 1
: mobilization of new groups into politics
revolutionaries establish a base of authority in the rural regions
-
Step 2
: creation of new political institutions
prolonged period of “dual power”
-
Step 3
: overthrow of political old institutions
old regime does not collapse easily and must be completely overthrown
Western revs - period of anarchy after the old regime falls, where new political forces struggle for control led by M/C/Rs
the East is not a complete revolution on the spot; it takes time
Terror marks the latter phases of a Western revolution while it marks the initial phases of an Eastern revolution
In an Eastern revolution, the stronger the revolutionary group, the less it relies of terror

Key Differences between West and East
Communist part built up support through small towns and peasants
Nationalists and Communists in power at same time
Communist party forced nationalists to flee to Taiwan
Key Concepts:
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