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American Revolution and the Mexican Revolution
Transcript of American Revolution and the Mexican Revolution
Who, when, where?
When and where?
feels inferior to Britain
lack of freedom
Social structure does not give equal rights to all the people
Beginning to revolt because they do not agree with the way things are
Ley Loredo Law
policies associated with this law made the lives of the rural population devastating because most of land was given to the Haciendas
due to varied social structures, mainly the Hacienda System, Mexico never developed a strong social system
a dissatisfaction with the Diaz regime grew
Peasants resented losing land
tightens control of colonies
Proclamation of 1763
other laws go into effect
formed Sons of Liberty
founded by Samuel Adams
Virginia House of Burgesses
Thomas Jefferson and Patrick Henry elected
Those with power angered citizens
led to plans to take action
done in secret
Resulted in events that did not benefit citizens
Disparity between rich and poor
Madero was elected president
revolutionaries all had the same goals until Madero came to office and only focused on political changes
led to Victoriano Huerta conspiring with politicians Diaz and Reyes to overthrow his power
Dictatoriship-like rule for 30 years
allowed to tax and regulate trade
economic depression in colonies
Stamp Act of 1765
"No taxation without representation"
Boston Tea Party
Intolerable Acts (Coercive Acts)
First Continental Congress
boycott British goods
Powers made things worse
Citizens felt neglected
wanted to change in order to improve
gave colonists an argument for freedom of British rule
Theory/perspective was an issue
Citizens believed they had valid arguments
pushed the people to take action
Now that we have discussed many similarities between these two lets take a look at some of their differences.
first overall revolution
In Battle: 7,200
British prisons: 8,500
adopted written constitutions
guranteed religious freedom
increased legislature size/power
reformed inheritance laws
Declaration of Independence
Articles of Confederation
Treaty of Paris (1783)
feeling of antislavery increased
increase in manufacturing
Adopted written constitutions
New government systems were put in place
American Revolution inspired the Mexican Revolution
about 1 million
2 German soldiers
Got rid of Porfirio Diaz
no president is allowed to govern more than 6 years
Ended the old hacienda system
Allowed more people to own land
Developed a more mobile society
Convention of Aguacalientes
Assination of revolutionary leaders
Founding of the National Revolutionary Party
Based on Jim Harvey's speech structures
Francisco I. Madero
King George III
President Porfirio Díaz
what is now Maine, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Vermont, Massachusetts, Connecticut, New York, Pennsylvania, Maryland, New Jersey, Delaware, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia and parts of Canada
The Battles of Lexington and Concord
The Siege of Fort Ticonderoga
The Battle of Chelsea Creek
The Battle of Bunker (Breeds) Hill
The Battle of Quebec
The Battle of Long Island (Brooklyn Heights)
The Battle of White Plains
The Battle of Fort Washington
The Battle of Trenton
The Battle of Princeton
The Battle of Oriskany
The Battle of Bennington
The Battle of Brandywine
The Battle of Saratoga (Freeman's Farm)
The Battle of Germantown
The Battle of Saratoga (Bemis Heights)
The Battle of Monmouth
The Capture of Savannah
The Siege of Charleston
The Battle of Camden
The Battle of King's Mountain
The Battle of Cowpens
The Battle of Guilford Courthouse
The Battle of Eutaw Springs
The Battle of Yorktown
northern state of Chihuahua down to the southern state of Morelos
from Nov. 20th 1910-1920
Diaz believed it was necessary for the growth of Mexico
90% of the industry was held by foreign investors
Decline of worldwide economy
1908-1909 famine caused a decline in agriculture
world silver market crashed around the same time leading to the diminishing mining industry
sugar industry took a downturn because of the tariff put on it by the US
Diaz believed that everything would fix itself
His people felt abandoned and wanted to reform
Battle of Agua Prieta
Second Battle of Agua Prieta
Battle of Ambos Nogales
Battle of Ciudad Juárez (1911)
Battle of Columbus (1916)
Battle of Nogales (1915)
Brite Ranch Raid
Battle of Carrizal
Battle of Casas Grandes
Battle of Celaya
Battle of Ciudad Juárez (1919)
First Battle of Agua Prieta
Glenn Springs Raid
Battle of Guerrero
Capture of Mexicali
Battle of Naco
Neville Ranch Raid
Battle of Nogales (1913)
Norias Ranch Raid
Ojo de Agua Raid
First Battle of Rellano
Second Battle of Rellano
San Ygnacio Raid
Ten Tragic Days
Battle of Tierra Blanca
Magonista rebellion of 1911
Second Battle of Tijuana
First Battle of Tijuana
Battle of Zacatecas
Gap between theory and practice
Conflict with Church and State
led to the need of reconciliation
Anti-clericalism= Cristero War
because everything was based on the clergy the people began violent protests
Madero campaigns against Diaz for the presidential election. Diaz has Madero imprisoned and wins his 8th term by default.
Madero goes to El Paso where he begins his attempt of revolution.
Madero returns to Mexico and leads the revolt against Diaz with a military under the control of Francisco Villa and Pascual Orozco. First battles are fought in the northern states of Mexico.
Huerta kills Madero and take his place as president
and returns the office to a dictatorship.
After being defeated by Villa, Huerta resigns and Carranza gains presidential power, but both Villa and Zapata are not content with this election and decide to leave the side of Carranza.
Alvaro Obregon joins under Carranza and defeats Villa and Zapata
Although they had been defeated multiple times, Villa and Zapata still continue to rebel against Carranza.
Feb. 5 1917
Carranza announces the drafting of the new and modern constitution.
(still celebrated as Mexico's constitution)
After tying loose ends with Carranza, Zapata sends him letters proposing ideas but never recieves any feed back. This leads to Zapata going against Carranza and writes to Obregon, aslo known as the "Toast to Obregon".
The Great War ends.
Jan. 1 1919
Zapata declares a manifesto asking the people for help to throw Carranza out of office.
Zapata is assasinated
The Republic of Sonora is proclaimed
The Plan of Agua Prieta, established by Obregon, states that Carranza is betraying the Constitution that he created in 1917.
Carranza is assasinated
Obregon is elected president
End of the Revolution
Ruled by someone of Mexico
Exploitation and poor treatment of workers
Slavery was not an issue
Lasted only about 10 years
Ruled by Britain
People owned slaves
The Constitution did not treat slaves the same as others
Longer period of warfare
Fought against people from another country
1760- French and Indian War fighting between France and Great Britain ends.
1763- Treaty of Paris formally ends the French and Indian War. France cedes most of its territories in North America to Great Britain, but Louisiana west of the Mississippi River is ceded to Spain.
Proclamation of 1763 sets a western boundary on the American colonies.
1764- Sugar Act and Currency Act are passed and both resented by the colonists.
1765- Stamp Act and Quartering Act are passed, angering the colonists even more.
1766- Stamp Act repealed.
1767- Townshend Acts are passed.
1768- Merchants agree to boycott most British goods until the Townshend Acts are repealed.
1770- Boston Massacre; 5 colonists are shot and killed.
1772- Samuel Adams organizes the Committees of Correspondence.
1773- Parliament passes the Tea Act.
Later, the Boston Tea Party.
1774 – Britain passes the Intolerable Acts. The First Continental Congress meets.
1775 – Battles of Lexington and Concord begins the American Revolution, followed by many battles for many years.
1783- The Treaty of Paris (1783) ends the American Revolutionary War.