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Future Tenses

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Samina Dazdarevic

on 19 December 2016

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Transcript of Future Tenses

Future Simple:
Present Continuous and Present Simple
The Present Continuous is used for fixed arrangement in the near future.
(He
is meeting
a guy tomorrow who sells hedgehogs.)


Present Simple is used with a future meaning when we refer to programs or timetables (trains, buses, etc.)
(The hedgehog show
starts
in 10 minutes.)

Future forms are:
Future Forms
Will/ Shall:
Future Tenses
Future Perfect Continuous
( Our youngest dolphin
will be
2 months old in May.)
Future Continuous
Future Perfect Simple
Be going to
Note!
We use '
be going to'
when we make a prediction based on what we can see (evidence) or know.
Be going to:
Interrogative:
Am
I/
are
you/
is
he etc.
going to
visit the stable?
(
Will
you
be planning
to take your cat to a vet?)
Future Continuous
Future Perfect Continuous
(The hamster might be tired
when you see him
because he
'll

have been
rolling
on the 'tread-wheel' all day.)
3) T
o ask for suggestions or instruction.
Exercise
3) We a new computer game. (to play)


are going to play.
Exercise
4) We play games in the playground.
choose will or shall:
Type in the verbs in the future I (going to)
(I've talked to Marah about adopting a dog, but she
won't
listen.)
The traditional rule in standard British English is that
'shall'
is used with first person pronouns (i.e. I and we) to form the future tense, while
'will'
is used with second and third person forms (i.e. you, he, she, it, they). For example:
(
I shall
be late with the dog's bed.)
(
They will
not have enough food to feed the dog.)
'Shall' can be used more frequently in formal written than in informal written or spoken English.

We use the future simple
(will+bare infinitive)
for:
Decisions made at the moment of speaking.
(The dolphins seem hungry. I
will go
and feed them.)
Promises, threats, warnings, requests, hopes, and offers.
(
Will
you drive me to the dolphins show?)
Actions, events, situations which will definitely happen in the future and which we cant control.
(We are
going to
move the horse to a new stable next month.)
Predictions about the future, based on what we think, believe or imagine,using the verb
think, believe, expect
, etc, the expressions
be sure, be afraid,
etc, and the adverbs
probably, certainly, perhaps,
etc.
(I
believe
she
will
not feed the dolphins tomorrow because she is afraid of them.)
Be going to form is : be (am, are, is) + going to + infinitive
The uses :
For plans, intentions, or ambitions we have for the future.
(
She's going to
buy a horse when she is 16.)
Predictions based on what we can see or what we know, especially when there is evidence that something will happen.
(This horse is ahead, it
s going to
win.)
Actions we have already decided to do in the near future.
We use the future continuous (will be+verb -ing)
For actions which will be in progress at a stated future time.
(I'm going to the pet shop. This time next week
I'll be holding
a kitten.)
For actions which will definitely happen in the future as the result of a routine or arrangement.
(I
will be going
to my grandmothers house with my cat in a week.)
When we ask politely about someone's plans for the near future.
Present Continuous
Present Simple
Future Simple
Be going to
Will/shall
Future Continuous
Future Perfect
We use '
will'
when we make a prediction based on what we think believe or imagine.
However, when it comes to expressing a strong determination to do something, the roles are reversed: 'will' is used with the first person, and 'shall' with the second and third. For example:
(I will not accept the dog's behavior.)
(You shall go and take the dog for a walk!)
We Use WILL:
Will you...?
to make a request; that is, to ask someone to do something for us.

(
Will you
help me with grooming the dog's hair, please?)
Won't:
to show that someone is unwilling or refuses to do something.
We Use SHALL:
Shall I/ We...?
1) T
o make an offer.
(
Shall I
help you with feeding the dog?)
2)
To make a suggestions.
(
Shall we
wait until the rain stops so we can take the dog for a walk?)
(What
shall I
do with all the dog food?,' hide them away'.)
WILL
WILL
SHALL
SHALL
1) I go to the movie tomorrow.
2) My parents visit my uncle next week.
3) The teacher teach history next time.
is going to visit.
am going to do.
1) She her aunt. (to visit)
2) I my homework after school. (to do)
Difference between
Future Perfect and Continuous
We use the future perfect simple and continuous with
for
to talk about the duration of an activity or state up to a time in the future.
(We
'll have bought
the hamster
for 2 years
in October.)
(The hamster
will have been
sleeping
for 2 hours soon
.)
We use the future perfect continuous to describe an activity leading up to a time in the future.
USES OF FUTURE PERFECT AND CONTINUOUS
Affirmative: I
am
/ you
are
/ he
is
etc.
going to
visit the stable.
Negative : I
'm not
/ you
aren't
/ he
isn't
etc.
going to
visit the stable.
Short answers:
Yes
, I
am
/ you
are
/ he
is
etc.
No
, I
'm not
/ you
aren't
/ he
isn't
etc.
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