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Fahrenheit 451: an introduction

An introduction to the novel prior to beginning reading.
by

Corrie Golando

on 24 April 2012

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Transcript of Fahrenheit 451: an introduction

F
a
h 4
r
e 5
n
h 1
e
i
t
If they give you ruled paper,
write the other way.
-Juan Ramon Jimenez
History
213 B.C.
China's Emperor Shih Huang Ti thought that if he burned all the documents in his kingdom, history would begin with him.
Caliph Omar burned some 200,000 objectionable books belonging to the library of Alexandria, warming the city's baths for six months.
600 A.D.
When the Mongols sacked Baghdad, the waters of the Tigris were said to have run black with ink from all the destroyed books.
1258
After the Spanish conquered Granada, the last Muslim kingdom in Western Europe, they allegedly emptied many of the city's treasured libraries and set their contents all to flame.
1492
Source:
Webley, Kayla . " Brief History: Book Burnings." TIME. TIME Magazine, 2010. Web. 4 Feb 2012. <http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,2017204,00.html>.
Nazi Book Buring
1624
Martin Luther’s German
translation of the Bible
was burnt in Germany by
order of the Pope.
1932
In a letter to an American publisher,
James Joyce said that “some very kind
person” bought the entire first edition
of Dubliners and had it burnt.
Source:
"Bannings and burnings in history." Freedom to Read. Book and Periodical Council, 2009. Web. 4 Feb 2012. <http://www.freedomtoread.ca/links_and_resources/bannings_and_burnings.asp>.
Feb. 1933
Law for the Protection of the German People: this law restricted demonstrations, freedom of speech, freedom of press, and ordered the confiscation of literature considered to be dangerous to the state.
April 1933
A memorandum to Nazi Student Organizations proposes that "culturally destructive" books from public, state and university libraries be collected and burned.
May 1933
Berlin: Goebbels organizes Nazi student organizations and SA troops to ransack public libraries and the library of the Humboldt University, and burn the books at the Opernplatz. Goebbels speaks before the crowd about the harm that "un-German" literature does to society
June 1935
Book reviewing by persons and organizations unaligned with the Nazi party and government is restricted. Goebbels' Chamber of Culture is to "coordinate" official literary criticism.
Bunker, Lisa, ed. "When Books Burn: Timeline." University of Arizona Library. Arizona Board of Regents, 2001. Web. 4 Feb 2012. <http://www.library.arizona.edu/images/burnedbooks/timeline.htm>.
Modern Day
Burnings
In 1953 U.S Senator Joseph McCarthy recited before his subcommittee and the press a list of supposedly procommunist authors whose works his aide, Roy Cohn, found in the libraries and American cultural centers attached to U.S. embassies abroad. The Eisenhower State Department bowed to McCarthy and ordered its overseas librarians to remove from their shelves “material by any controversial persons, Communists, fellow travelers, etc.” Some libraries burned the newly forbidden books. President Dwight D. Eisenhower initially agreed that the State Department should dispose of books advocating communism: “I see no reason for the federal government to be supporting something that advocated its own destruction. That seems to be the acme of silliness.”
A few months later, however, in a speech at Dartmouth College in June 1953, Eisenhower urged Americans concerning libraries: “Don’t join the book burners. Don’t be afraid to go in your library and read every book….”
In 1987 the Nasir-i Khusraw Foundation was established in Kabul, Afghanistan. It was the result of the collaborative efforts of several civil society and academic institutions, leading scholars, and members of the Ismaili community. This site included video and book publishing facilities, a museum, and a library.

The library was noted for its extensive collection of 55,000 books, available to all students and researchers, in the languages of Arabic, English, and Pashto. In addition, its Persian collection was unparalleled — including an extremely rare twelfth-century manuscript of Firdawsi’s epic masterpiece The Book of Kings (Shāhnāma). The Ismaili collection of the library housed works from Hasan-i Sabbah and Nasir-i Khusraw, and the seals of the first Aga Khan.

With the withdrawal of the Soviet forces from Afghanistan in the late 1980s and the strengthening of the Taliban forces, the library collection was relocated to the valley of Kayan.

On 12 August 1998 the Taliban fighters ransacked the press, the museum, the video facilities, and the library, burning some of the books and throwing others in a nearby river. Not a single book was spared, including a 1,000-year-old Quran
"Book burning in history: a tool of tyrants." . N.p., 2010. Web. 4 Feb 2012. <http://www.homelandsecuritynewswire.com/book-burning-history-tool-tyrants>.
As the U.S. prepared to mark the ninth anniversary of the 9/11 terrorist attacks, a small fringe church in Gainesville, Fla., planned to remember the day by burning copies of the Koran. The proposed action brought hundreds of protesters to the streets of Kabul and prompted a stern reprimand from the top U.S. commander in Afghanistan, General David Petraeus, who warned that the stunt would endanger troops
Source:
Webley, Kayla . " Brief History: Book Burnings." TIME. TIME Magazine, 2010. Web. 4 Feb 2012. <http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,2017204,00.html>.
Censorship
Historical figures that have been censored:
Socrates
Joan of Arc
Gallileo
Who censors?
The printing press, power,
and censorship.
Where do we see censorship today?
Ray Bradbury
born August 22, 1920
reputation established with The Martian Chronicles
F451: 1953
He has been awarded:
O. Henry Memorial Award
Benjamin Franklin Award
World Fantasy Award for Lifetime Achievement
Grand Master Award from the Science Fiction Writers of America
PEN Center USA West Lifetime Achievement Award
National Book Foundation Medal for Distinguished Contribution to American Letters w
He has
been nominated for an Academy Award (for his animated film Icarus Montgolfier Wright)
won an Emmy Award (for his teleplay of The Halloween Tree)
adapted sixty-five of his stories for television's Ray Bradbury Theater.

He was the creative consultant on the United States Pavilion at the 1964 New York World's Fair.

In 1982 he created the interior metaphors for the Spaceship Earth display at Epcot Center, Disney World, and later contributed to the conception of the Orbitron space ride at Euro-Disney, France.
On the occasion of his 80th birthday in August 2000, Bradbury said, "The great fun in my life has been getting up every morning and rushing to the typewriter because some new idea has hit me. The feeling I have every day is very much the same as it was when I was twelve. In any event, here I am, eighty years old, feeling no different, full of a great sense of joy, and glad for the long life that has been allowed me. I have good plans for the next ten or twenty years, and I hope you'll come along."
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