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1000 - Class 19

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Kelly Blidook

on 28 November 2013

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Transcript of 1000 - Class 19

Autocratic Systems of Government
Means of organizing tyrannical or despotic rule in a modern society, but also based on attempt to remake or mould society.
2.) Totalitarianism
1.) Limited political pluralism

2.) No elaborate or guiding ideology, though economic development is usually a goal


Right-wing Authoritarianism
Related: tyranny and despotism.

(Aristotle) Tyranny: rule by one in his/her own interest

(Montesquieu) Despotism: one person ruling through fear without regard to law

Rule is arbitrary and not bound by law

Rule is based on coercion and fear
Autocracy
Greek: auto (meaning “self”) and kratia (meaning “power” or “rule”)

“Self-rule” – doing whatever you want if you have the power.


Autocracy
Totalitarianism imposes a single mass political party that penetrates all aspects of state and society

George Orwell: 1984
One Party State
1.) Attempt to remake society according to an official ideology (monistic: single idea or factor)

2.) A single party typically led by single, powerful person

3.) Psuedo-democracy (i.e. democratic centralism)

4.) A communications monopoly

5.) Use of Terror

6.) Law as a tool of the state (no Rule of Law)

7.) A centrally-directed economy
Elements of Totalitarianism
(whether Right or left):

tolerate little or no opposition

may do almost anything to remain in power

reject principles of liberal democracy
Authoritarian Regimes
4-5.) Statism: Central planning and state-run economy

The rigours of central planning are softened by bribery and corruption

Police terrorism is sometimes used to retain power
Left-wing Authoritarianism
1.) Social pluralism is sometimes tolerated as long as it does not become politically dangerous (normally, less than right-wing).

2.) Ideology: official ideology – usually some variety of socialism, combined with a strong element of nationalism.
Left-wing Authoritarianism
5.) Bias toward statism

6.) A major political role for the military

Usually the dominant institution in this regime

Right-wing Authoritarianism
3.) No extensive political mobilization

4.) Leaders exercise power within ill-defined yet predictable limits
Right-wing Authoritarianism
Posc 1000 – Intro to Political Science
Law is a tool.

State (leader and party) determine law - arbitrary.

No rule of law = lack of personal and political rights.
Law and State - totalitarianism
Leaders typically hand power to another, or have it forcibly taken.

(counterpart to elections in democracies)
A forcible and unconstitutional change of government.
Coup d’Etat
3.) Political mobilization:
mobilization of the masses is a continuing
theme, often as members of single political party.
Left-wing Authoritarianism
Authority that may or may not rest on wide popular support, but is not put to the test of free elections

Variety of types:
civilian/military
secular/religious
capitalist/socialist
1.) Authoritarianism
Generally refers to:
Nazi regime (Adolph Hitler, Germany)

Stalinist regime (Joseph Stalin, Soviet Union)

Maoist regime (Mao Zedong, People’s Republic of China)
Totalitarianism
Right-wing (conservative): sees mission as protecting society from harmful (sometimes socialist) influences
Full transcript