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The New England Colonies: Part 1
Transcript of The New England Colonies: Part 1
Separatists (Pilgrims) left Church of England for Holland: King James I attacked them for rejecting England’s official church
Heard of success of Jamestown – received a charter to Virginia
1620 – set sail
17th CENTURY RIDDLES
Who is he that runneth through the hedge, his house on his back?
2. What is ten men's length and ten men's strength and yet ten men cannot make it stand on its end?
3. What is it that is full all day and empty at night?
4. What is it that goeth about the wood and cannot get in?
5. I am called by the name of man, yet am as little as the mouse, when winter comes, I love to be, with my red gorget near the house.
The Mayflower sighted land on November 9, 1620. It proved to be Cape Cod, which although close to the right latitude of 41° N (about one degree off), was well east of their original destination at the mouth of the Hudson River.
The Mayflower Compact
"In ye name of God, Amen. We whose names are underwritten, the loyall subjects of our dread soveraigne Lord, King James, by the grace of God, of Great Britaine, Franc, and Ireland king, defender of the faith, etc.
Haveing undertaken, for ye glorie of God, and advancemente of ye Christian faith, and honour of our king & countrie, a voyage to plant ye first colonie in ye Northerne parts of Virginia, doe by these presents solemnly & mutualy in ye presence of God, and one of another, covenant & combine our selves togeather into a civill body politick, for our better ordering & preservation & furtherance of ye ends aforesaid; and by vertue hearof to enacte lawes, ordinances, acts constitutions, & offices, from time to time, as shall be thought most meet & convenient for ye generall good of ye Colonie, unto which we promise all due submission and obedience. In witnes wherof we have hereunder subscribed our names at Cap-Codd ye 11th. of November, in ye year of ye raigne of our soveraigne lord, King James, of England, France, & Ireland ye eighteenth, and of Scotland, ye fiftie fourth. Ano: Dom. 1620."
The basis for government in the colony
Based on the majority rule of male church members
Set a precedent for local government based on written agreements and the consent of the governed
Massachusetts Bay Colony
11 ships carried 1,000 + settlers to Mass.
Puritans: Set up a congregational form of worship – each congregation set up its own policies and chose its minister
Only members of Church could vote – eventually had representative form of gov’t
17th CENTURY RIDDLES