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If I had to reduce all of educational psychology to just one

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Jennifer Holmes

on 19 February 2014

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Transcript of If I had to reduce all of educational psychology to just one


David Ausubel

Cognitive Learning Theorist
Greatest Influence: Jean Piaget
believed that people actively "organize experience"


Interests in:
Cognitive Science
Science Education Learning
Educational Psychology


Developed and researched: Advanced Organizers
Educational Psychology: A Cognitive View
"If I had to reduce all of educational psychology to just one principle, I would say this: The most important single factor influencing learning iswhat the learner already knows. Ascertain this and teach him accordingly."
Ausubel's View of Learning
The Basics
Cognitive learning theorist
Focused on the learning of school subjects
Believed schema was the primary determiner what a child learns next
Viewed learning as an active process, not simply responding to the environment
Believed learners seek to make sense of their surroundings by integrating new knowledge with that which they have already learned.


Rote learning remained isolated from other knowledge the learner had acquired because there was nothing in the schema to connect it



The key concept is the cognitive structure. It is the sum of all the knowledge we have acquired as well as the relationships among the facts, concepts and principles that make up that knowledge. Learning for Ausubel is bringing something new into our cognitive structure and attaching it to our existing knowledge that is located there. This is how we make meaning, and this was the focus of his work.
Meaningful learning
vs.
Rote learning
Discovery Learning is a no-no?!
Advanced Organizers
Anchorage
(Practice)
Advance Organizer entails the use of introductory materials with a high level of generality that introduce new material and facilitate learning by providing an "anchoring idea" to which the new idea can be attached .

Sources:
1.The Psychology of Meaningful Verbal Learning. Orlando, FL: Grune & Stratton, 1963
(Italian edition, 1966.)2. Readings in the Psychology of Cognition. (Co-editor with R. C. Anderson.) New York: Holt, Rinehart &
Winston, 1965.3. Educational Psychology: A Cognitive View. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston, 1968. (German
edition, 1974.) (2nd edition, 1978.) (Spanish edition, 1977.) (2nd German edition, 1980.) (Italian edition, 1978.) (Portuguese
edition, 1980.) (Romanian edition, 1981.) (2nd Spanish edition, 1982).4. School Learning: An Introduction to Educational Psychology. (With Floyd C. Robinson.
New York: Holt, Rinehart & WInston, 1969. (British edition, 1971.) (Japanese edition, with A. Yoshida, 1984.) (Australian
edition, 1972.) (Romanian edition, 1973.)5. Psychology in Teacher Preparation. (With John Herbert.) Toronto: The Ontario Institute for Studies in
Education, 1969.

Education

University of Pennsylvania, BA. (Honors in Psychology), 1939.

Columbia University, M.A. (Experimental Psychology, 1940.

Middlesex University, M.D. (cum laude), 1943.

Columbia University, Ph.D (Developmental Psychology), 1950.
Behavioral theorist were the rage.
Left field of education to research and study psychology.
WW2
Early years:
Current Research:
International Journal of Research Studies in Educational Technology, April 2013, Volume 2 Number 1, 81-90

Effects of advanced organizers on attainment and retention
of students’ concept of gravity in Nigeria
Eurasia Journal of Mathematics, Science & Technology Education, 2009, 5(4), 413-420

Using Advance Organizers to Enhance Students’ Motivation in Learning Biology
Full transcript