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Transcript of Neolithic Revolution
Life before writing and agriculture or "old stone age"
Food gatherers as opposed to food producers
Nomadic – roaming existence
As the food in an area was consumed, man moved on, looking for another food supply
Followed the migration patterns of the herds.
Nomadic people live on what the environment can provide, such as
Temporary shelters made of wood and hides (animal skins)
Social Structure was
based on the family.
A group of families is called a clan.
Art and Innovation
Some drawings and art work have been found.
Lascaux Cave Painting in France
Primitive weapons and tools
Use of fire
Stone axes and arrowheads
Subsistence lifestyle dictated that
the number one priority for all family members was to find food.
Only verbal communication was used.
Symbols were used to mark places of importance.
Development of Agriculture
As man learns to farm,
he is able to settle in one place and able to acquire more things
Although known as a revolution, these changes occurred independently throughout the world over the course of several thousand years.
Neolithic Age - Life after writing and agriculture or "new stone age"
Systematic Agriculture: planted, tended, harvested, and stored crops.
Domesticated animals are used for food and as beasts of burden (labor).
supplemented the food supply.
Use of mud bricks as building material
Eventually stones were used
, leading to rock being quarried and cut for building.
fields and other
Complex social structures developed which involved when many clans began living in close proximity.
Gender role separation
Men farmed, herded, and hunted
jobs near the home:
child-rearing, food preparation, etc.
Social Structure continued:
Religion is believed to have been developed to explain the forces of nature.
Priests were supervised rituals to please the gods
Governments developed to organize activities.
Art and Innovation
Carving and statuary, complex tools such as advances in weapons,
plows pulled by animals
, building techniques, cloth making and weaving.
for religious or common use.
People begin to specialize in various tasks:
tool maker, stone cutter, potter, basket weaving, early metallurgy.
These people are called
Regional resources are
gathered and traded
Development of pictographic languages (Egyptian Hieroglyphics and Sumerian cuneiform) or written language.
Developed to keep records
concerning food storage & trade.
Cities and Civilizations
What is the difference between a city and a civilization?
Division of labor
An advanced state of intellectual, cultural, and material development in human society
, marked by progress in the arts and sciences, the extensive use of record-keeping, including writing, and the appearance of complex political and social institutions.
5 Characteristics of Civilization
Complex Institutions - Government & Religion
Record Keeping - Written language
Specialized Workers - Division of labor
Advanced Cities - Social classes
– can range from being very basic to very complex, just a person or a group of people
Written language –
record keeping became necessary.
Division of labor
(specialization in jobs) – the breakdown of work into its tasks or parts.
, such as, a blacksmith.
(social hierarchy) – in different civilizations, this can be determined on different things, including: wealth, power, different ethnicity, etc.
: (Advanced technical skills) Sometimes this means inventions, sometimes it means things like art and/or architecture.
For example, the Pyramids and irrigation.
Religion or belief system –
a civilization usually is comprised of people who share similar beliefs.