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McKinney-Vento Act

Allison Cantrell
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Allison Cantrell

on 4 September 2012

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Transcript of McKinney-Vento Act

Final words… It is unacceptable for one
child to be homeless for
even one day…
however the reality is that
1.5 million US students
are homeless right now! Clues to help identify homeless families and youth Mailing labels: same address for multiple families
Familiarity with motel addresses
Incomplete or unusual enrollment records
Enrollment records, or lack of records, may help identify homeless children but remember we cannot refuse to enroll a homeless student based on lack of records.
If any of these sign occur please have a conversation with your school counselor to discuss your findings. During a conversation a homeless child, youth or parent may say… How can you help identify a homeless student or family? Early arrival or departure from school
Lunch charges, lack of funds to eat breakfast or lunch
Tardy, absences or change in routine
Lack of appropriate clothing for season
Use of school services for personal needs
Storing clothes or personal items at school
Stressed, sleepy, change in behavior
Hygiene issues
Change in grades or school performance
Lack of school supplies, lost books/supplies
Loss of access to computer The immensity of homelessness… the impact on Hillsboro School District During the 2011/2012 school year 411 were identified by our staff as being homeless. They either lived in shelters, doubled up situations, cars, campers, or hotels and 59 high school students were identified as unaccompanied homeless youth. Of these, 30 successfully graduated with the class of 2012. Homelessness is an ever-growing concern... According to the National Law Center on Homelessness and Poverty up to "two million people in the United States will experience homelessness this year, half of these will be CHILDREN". Causes of Homelessness Lack of affordable housing
Deep poverty
Health problems
Unpaid medical bills
Domestic violence
Abuse/neglect
Economic crisis
Unemployment
Home foreclosures
Natural or other disasters Additional Requirements: Automatically eligible for Title I support if he or she is attending a Title I school. There are set aside funds for this purpose. These can be used to provide after school tutoring if needed. School of Origin The "school of origin" is the school the child last attened when they were permanently housed.
Districts must keep students in their "school of origin" if a parent or unaccompanied youth so wishes and it is feasible.
These students must be provided transportation at the districts expense. Unaccompanied Homeless
Children or Youth Once out of the home, unaccompanied youths are frequently victimized,
as many as half have been assaulted or robbed. Many have fled abusive home situations.
20-40% have been sexually abused
40-60% have been physically abused.
2/3 of these have stated to hotlines that at least one parent is abusing drugs of alcohol. The entire family may be homeless, but they become separated. Due to a lack of space in their temporary accommodations or shelter policies that prohibit adolescent boys. Unaccompanied Homeless
Children or Youth Cars, RVs, parks, public places
Bus or train stations
Abandoned buildings A homeless student is an individual who lacks a fixed, regular, and adequate nighttime residence. Students are considered homeless if they live in...

Shelters
Motels/hotels
Campgrounds
Abandoned in hospitals What is the definition of a
homeless student? More likely not to participate in extracurricular activities. reassuring routines
adequate health care
uninterrupted school
sustained relationships
sense of community What they lack… Why do we care about supporting homeless students? It provides grants and legal protections so children and youth in homeless situations can enroll in, attend, and succeed in school and preschool programs. McKinney Vento Homeless Act The Act... The Act ensures the well being of children and youth experiencing homelessness.
It provides grants and legal protections so children and youth in homeless situations can enroll, attend, and succeed in school. McKinney Vento Homeless Act What every principal should know... Additional Requirements: Preschool aged homeless children may also qualify for Headstart
Schools must all have a poster displaying the rights of students and parents under the McKinney Vento Act posted in the main office. The Act requires all public schools to immediately enroll students experiencing homelessness even when lacking proof of residency, guardianship, birth certificates, school records or other documents, medical records, including immunization records, required dress
code items including uniforms. Other Factors:
Parental Incarceration
Illness or hospitalization
Death This is a homeless child or youth that is not in the physical custody of a parent or guardian.
The majority of unaccompanied youth in our district have been high school students who have either been kicked out of their home or have chosen to leave dangerous or unsupported situations. Unaccompanied Homeless
Children or Youth The MYTH It’s important to address the myth that all homeless individuals live on the street or under a bridge. This limited definition does not align with the definition of homeless according to the McKinney Vento Act. Homeless people only live on the street or under a bridge… FACT #2 Here are the facts... "Mobility during High School greatly diminishes the likelihood of graduation. Nationally over 1.5 million children go to sleep without a home each year." "Students who switch schools frequently score lower on standardized tests.
It takes children an average of 4-6 months to recover academically after changing schools." FACT #1 McKinney Vento Homeless Act Goals:

Provide an accurate definition and examples of homelessness

Improve staff efforts in identifying homeless families and youth Your school can help connect a child to the necessary resources. You can provide a safe haven for your students! You can be the difference between success and failure! You can provide a "sense of normalcy". What if I suspect or know that a student is homeless? Contact your school counselor or office manager. This person will be the point of contact for homeless students and families. They will submit the correct forms from Docushare to the HSD Coordinator (Kathi Robinson) and contact the HSD Homeless liaison (Kristin Ludwig) about the district and community resources that are available to assist the student and their family. The family will be assessed, and if identified as qualifying under the Title X guidelines, cared for within a two day period. The immensity of homelessness… the impact on Oregon Oregon ranks 19 in the nation in child homelessness.
More than three thousand of Washington County's children go to sleep each night without permanent or adequate housing. The share of Oregon children living in poverty has been rising and now exceeds one in five. Specifically, the rate of child poverty in Oregon jumped from 16.9 percent in 2007 to 21.6 percent in 2010. Immediate Enrollment… regardless of proper documentation Homelessness Hurts! What every principal should know about...
The McKinney Vento Act 1 in 10 runaways report being raped! “Our address is new, I cant remember it”
“I don’t know where we live”
“We've been moved around a lot?”
“We’re going through a bad time right now” “I don’t remember the name of our previous school”
“We’re staying with relatives until we get settled”
“We don’t have a phone right now” Identifying and serving homeless students is the responsibility of all school district staff. “Deep poverty” — households with income at less than half of the federal poverty threshold — is also on the rise. In 2007, 5.7 percent of Oregonians lived in deep poverty. In 2010 that share grew to 7.2 percent — about 1 in 14 Oregonians. How deep is deep poverty? In 2010 a family of three would have had to earn less than $8,687 to meet the definition of living in deep poverty. **Doubled up at relatives of friends due to financial hardships are also considered "homeless". Mobile students can suffer psychologically and socially. National Coalition for the Homeless
www.nationalhomeless.org
National Law Center for Homelessness and Poverty
www.nlchp.org
National Association of the Education or Homeless Children and Youth
www.naehcy.org Resources
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