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Major Religions of the World

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Tara Plank

on 19 October 2016

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Transcript of Major Religions of the World

Major Religions of the World
Judaism, Buddhism, Hinduism, Christianity, Islam
Developed:
Judea
Sacred Text:
Torah
Founder:
Abraham
Important People:
Issac, Jacob, Moses
Covenant with Abraham:
If Abraham left Mesopotamia and abandoned Polytheism, God would lead him and his descendants to the Promise Land.
Ten Commandments:
Set of biblical principles dealing with ethics and worship.
Judaism (1300 B.C.)
Developed:
India
Sacred Text:
Dhammapada
Founder:
Siddhartha Gautama "Buddha"
Four Noble Truths:
1. Suffering is a part of human life.
2. Suffering comes from peoples desire for pleasure and material goods.
3. Overcoming these desires brings suffering to an end.
4. Desires can be overcome by following the Eightfold Path.
Buddhism (623 B.C.)
Developed:
India
Sacred Texts:
Vedas, Upanishads, Sacred Epics (Bhagavad Gita)
Founder:
No founder; developed over time.
Atman:
Soul.
Moksha:
Escape from the cycle of rebirth.
Reincarnation:
Rebirth of Atman.
Karma:
Sum of persons actions (good and bad) which helps shape future experiences.
Dharma:
Set of spiritual duties and obligations.
Ahimsa:
non-violence (Jainism).
Hinduism (1000 B.C.)
Developed:
Jerusalem
Sacred Text:
Bible
Founder:
Jesus of Nazareth
Important People:
12 apostles, Paul of Tarsus.
Death and Resurrection:
Jesus was seen as a political threat and was crucified in 32 A.D., as scriptures go he rose from the dead, and after 40 days ascended into heaven.
Trinity:
Father, Son, Holy Spirit.
Christianity (32 A.D.)
Eightfold Path: Steps that
lead one to enlightenment and salvation

Nirvana: State of perfect
peace in which the soul would be free for
suffering forever
Islam (622 A.D.)
Developed:
Mecca
Religious Text:
Qur'an
Founder:
Muhammad
Important People:
Allah
5 Pillars of Islam:
Five acts of worship
1. Profession of faith
2. 5 daily prayers
3. Giving alms
4. Fasting
5. Pilgrimage to Mecca
Full transcript