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Major Religions of the World
Transcript of Major Religions of the World
Judaism, Buddhism, Hinduism, Christianity, Islam
Issac, Jacob, Moses
Covenant with Abraham:
If Abraham left Mesopotamia and abandoned Polytheism, God would lead him and his descendants to the Promise Land.
Set of biblical principles dealing with ethics and worship.
Judaism (1300 B.C.)
Siddhartha Gautama "Buddha"
Four Noble Truths:
1. Suffering is a part of human life.
2. Suffering comes from peoples desire for pleasure and material goods.
3. Overcoming these desires brings suffering to an end.
4. Desires can be overcome by following the Eightfold Path.
Buddhism (623 B.C.)
Vedas, Upanishads, Sacred Epics (Bhagavad Gita)
No founder; developed over time.
Escape from the cycle of rebirth.
Rebirth of Atman.
Sum of persons actions (good and bad) which helps shape future experiences.
Set of spiritual duties and obligations.
Hinduism (1000 B.C.)
Jesus of Nazareth
12 apostles, Paul of Tarsus.
Death and Resurrection:
Jesus was seen as a political threat and was crucified in 32 A.D., as scriptures go he rose from the dead, and after 40 days ascended into heaven.
Father, Son, Holy Spirit.
Christianity (32 A.D.)
Eightfold Path: Steps that
lead one to enlightenment and salvation
Nirvana: State of perfect
peace in which the soul would be free for
Islam (622 A.D.)
5 Pillars of Islam:
Five acts of worship
1. Profession of faith
2. 5 daily prayers
3. Giving alms
5. Pilgrimage to Mecca