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Education In Medieval Europe

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Logan Bradley

on 30 March 2011

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Transcript of Education In Medieval Europe

Education in Medieval Europe During the dark ages, the learing of classical Greece and Rome was lost. There were no schools, except for a few that were within the churchs, most people were illiterate, even the priests was. Charlemagne was the first european leader to revive learning on a large scale. He was the one who invited scholars from Spain, Italy, and England to his court to advise him on education. The most influential scholar at Charlemagne's court was an Anglo-Saxon monk named Alcuin. He set up a palace school to educate the emperor's kids and the kids of other nobles. Alcuin was also reaponsible for eatablishing schools and libraries in the monasteries throughout the kingdom. Under Alcuins direction the monks started the practice of copying ancient greek and latin manuscrips. While they were doing this they developed a new form of writing using capital and lower case letters, which was alot easier to read then Roman capitals. The Script that Alcuin made is the basis of written Italian, French, English, and other European languages that are used today Education for girls and women in nolbe families basically just focused on practical skills. Young women learned spinning, weaving, embroidery, and medical remedies for illness. They also learned to supervise the many activities involed in feeding, clothing, and taking care of a large household. And only a few women learned how to read. When convents and monasteries were first established, nuns were expected to have just as good as education as the monks, but in the twelfth century the church severely did not allowed to have such opportunities. Universities The 12th century saw a flowering of academic enguiry and scholarship in medieval Europe, leading to the birth of universities. Two major factors contributed to this flowering. One was a flow of knowledge into Europe from other cultures that had started in the eleventh century. From the Muslim world came new traslations of Aristole and other Greek philosophers as well as mathematical and scientific knowledge; from the byzantine empire came works of Roman law. The second factor was the rapid growth of towns, where churches had established free schools for the childern or merchants and atisans. More people were able to read then ever before, and wealthy townspeople as well as nobles were able to afford higher education for their sons. Universities operated under the autority of the church or the king. The universities of Paris and Bologna were the first to be established. When France and England went to war, English students in Paris returned home and founded the University of Oxford. A group of Oxford students later formed the university at cambridge. Every university offered a course of study in the seven liberal arts: grammar, rhetoric, and logic; arithmetic and geometry; astronomy; and music. This curriculum was based on ancient Roman teaching University life was rigorous, with few human comforts. Students had to wake up before dawn to start their first lesson of the day, and attended their last review session after supper. they sat for hours on hard benches in unheated rooms, listening to speeches and lectures. Before the founding of collages in the thirteenth century, students had to arrange their own lodging and meals, as well as pay for tuition, texts, and writing supplies. References Prologue to the present - social studies textbook.
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