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Copy of Budapest és a víz
Transcript of Copy of Budapest és a víz
The Danube is a river in Central Europe, the continent's second longest after the Volga. Classified as an international waterway, it originates in the town of Donaueschingen in the Black Forest of Germany at the confluence of the rivers Brigach and Breg. The Danube then flows southeast for 2,872 km ., passing through four Central and Eastern European capitals before emptying into the Black Sea. The Danube is the most important river in Hungary as it highly determines the hydrogeology of the country.
and its waters
Gellért Thermal Bath
We find records about the "miraculous" springs spurting up on the territory of the Bath from as early a date as the 15th century. These springs were later favoured by the Turks as well, as they were larger and hotter than the Buda baths of the period. In the 17th century, the site was named Sárosfürdő (Mud bath) because of the fine spring silt that was pushed up together with the spring water and settled at the bottom of the pools.
Rudas Thermal Bath
The centerpiece of the bath today, the Turkish bath, was built during the 16th century in the period of the Turkish occupation. The thermal bath has been visited from 1936 on exclusively by men. The swimming pool, operating as a therapeutic swimming facility and with a sauna, was built in 1896.
According to some suppositions the bath was built in the XV. century in the reign of Sigismund of Luxemburg, while others connect it with Mathias Corvinus. Although it has already turned out that it has turkish origins. The bath is currently closed because of some legal-arguments.
Király Thermal Bath
The construction of this Bath was begun by Arslan, the Pasha of Buda in 1565 and was completed by his successor, Sokoli Mustafa. The Király Thermal Bath had no direct hot water base, nor has it any today. The Turks built the Bath far from the springs to ensure the opportunity for bathing even in the case of an eventual siege, within the walls of the castle. Its water was supplied at that time, and is being supplied now, from the surroundings of the current Lukács Bath.
Lukács Thermal Bath
In the 12th century, knights of the order of Saint John engaging in curing the sick settled in the area of today's Lukács Bath, followed by the orders of Rhodos and Malta, who built their monasteries baths as well. The bath operated through the time of the Turks but the energy of the springs were used primarily to produce gunpowder and for grinding wheat.
Császár-Komjádi Béla Swimming Pool
The Császár Bath was estabilished in 1806 in order to upkeep the hospital of Brothers Hospitallers of St. John of God from its incomings. At first it was built as a swimming pool but when the Hajós Alfréd pool was opened in the Margit island and the Komjádi pool was also opened in its neighbourhood, the Császár Bath had lost it's importance. The bath was built in the second part of the XIX. century. That wing on the Frankel Leo street now functions as a hotel.
The area had been a known water supplying site as early as in the Roman age. The district around the springs was honoured as a holy site and archaeologists have even found in the territory of the bath the base walls of the sanctuary. As a result of the latest diggings, traces of taking the springs in possession and details of constructions were discovered.
Csillaghegy Open-Air Bath is the oldest bath in the capital. It started operation as early as the second half of the 19th century and has been operating in its present form since 2000.
The open-air bath was established in 1935 o n the bank of the Danube river, o n the basis of plans made by Alfred Hajós.
The Open-Air Bath, located on the Margit island, in a nature conservation area, was opened as a beach on the bank of the Danube in 1919. With the construction of the large pool it was transformed in 1921 into an open-air bath.
Owing to its high popularity it had to be expanded, therefore an architectural project tender was launched in 1937, as a result of which the plans composed by István Janáky were accepted. The current installation was completed on the basis of these plans.
Dagály Thermal Bath
This Bath first opened in 1948. Later, in 1956 it, among others, was expanded with a 50-m swimming pool. Its water base at that time was provided by a well bored in 1944, which finally secured the efficient use of the thermal waters found under the bed of the Danube. In 1970, the water of the Széchenyi Thermal Bath was directed to Dagály Bath, thus raising it to the status of a thermal baths.
Széchenyi Thermal Bath
The Széchenyi Thermal Bath is one of the largest spa complexes in Europe. It's also the first thermal bath of Pest. It owes its existence to Vilmos Zsigmondy, a mining engineer. on his initiative, successful deep borings had been performed in the City Park, where later, in 1881 already an "Artesian bath" was in operation. However, this temporary type of bath was meeting the demands of the age less and less, so the Széchenyi Thermal Bath was built in 1913 on the basis of plans composed by Gyozo Czigler.
This is the youngest open-air bath of Budapest. The establishment of an open-air bath at this site was made available by the well-borings to a depth of 1,735 m performed in 1965, from which water of a temperature of 70°C and with a yield of 1,000 litre/min spouted up at that time. The bath itself was built in 1989.
Dandár Thermal Bath
The architectural plan for the public bath in Dandár street was prepared by Ferenc K. Császár. During World War II the Bath was only slightly damaged so it could be opened as soon as 1945. Originally, the Bath operated as a sanitary bath. In 1978, however, following a thorough reconstruction, it was put in operation as a thermal bath.
In the 1930s there was a riverbank bath, operating on the Soroksár bank of the Danube. Later, in parallel with the deterioration of the water quality of the Danube, deep-borings were executed, as a result of which mineral waters of valuable composition spurted out to the surface. Taking this opportunity, by 1961 the open-air Csepel bath was built, offering an adventure pool, a children's pool, a swimming pool, and in addition a thermal pool, as well.
Újpesti Thermal Bath
After the World War II simultaneously with the rebuilding of the new district of the city, the original bath was replaced and built in 1974 on the basis of László Bene's plans.
Pestszenterzsébeti Iodine-Bromide Thermal Bath
Built in the 1920's, it is (was) Budapest's only iodine-bromide thermal bath. Like the Dagály Bath it is an open-air bath, however a part of the bath is also open in winter.
Gellérthegyi/ Gruber József reservoir
Budafoki water tower
Dél-pesti Sewage farm
Észak-pesti Sewage Farm
Aquincum - aqueduct
The ancient city of Aquincum was situated on the North-Eastern borders of the Pannonia province within the Roman Empire. The aqueduct of Aquincum was the basic of the water suplement in the ancient city of Aquincum.
Lágymányosi bay (Kopaszi dam)
Feneketlen (Bottomless) Lake
"Art on Lake"
Thank you for your attention
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Kids Lab - How to clean water
Lab - Water examination