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Founding Fathers of Sociology

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Jenni Green

on 4 September 2012

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Transcript of Founding Fathers of Sociology

Jenni Green Founding Fathers of Sociology Birthday: Jan. 19, 1798
Deathday: Sept. 5, 1857
Nationality: French
Childhood: parents Roman Catholic; rejected Catholicism for republicanism
Known as: Father of Sociology (coined the term too!)
Books: COURSE OF POSITIVE PHILOSPHY; SYSTEM OF POSITIVE POLITY
Education: Expelled from Ecole Polytechnique
Did you know? Suffered from a nervous breakdown while presenting a lecture series to French intellectuals Auguste Comte Beliefs: Birth-year: 1802
Death-year: 1876
Nationality: English
Childhood: lost her sense of taste, hearing, and smell.
Known for: inspired future feminist theorists
Books: SOCIETY IN AMERICA; translated Comte's POSITIVE PHILOSOPHY
Did you know? She sold embroidery work in order to support the abolitionist movement in America. Harriet Martineau Birth-year: 1818
Death-year: 1883
Nationality: German
Childhood: born in middle class home; came from several generations of Jewish rabbis
Books: THE COMMUNIST MANIFESTO
Education: University of Bonn (1year); University of Berlin (4 years)
Did you know? Marx's wife's name was Jenny and they had 6 children but only 3 survived. Karl Marx Birthday: April 15, 1858
Deathday: Nov. 15, 1917
Nationality: French
Childhood: son of Jewish rabbi
Known for: groundbreaking research on suicide
Education: attended Collège d'Epinal and later the prestigious Ecole Normale Supérieure
Did you know? During World War I, Durkheim put major effort into supporting his country and raising awareness about the war. Emile Durkheim Beliefs Herbert Spencer Birthday: April 27, 1820
Death-year: 1903
Nationality: English
Childhood: ill as a child; only surviving child out of 9
Known for: introducing Social Darwinism
Books: SOCIAL STATICS; PRINCIPLES OF PSYCHOLOGY; DEVELOPMENTAL HYPOTHESIS (published 7 yrs before Darwin's Origin of Species)
Did you know? He wore earplugs to avoid getting too excited.
He was also an opium addict.
Coined the phrase "survival of the fittest"
Responsible for making the term "Evolution" well
known Beliefs Beliefs: Works Cited Sociology "Demography is destiny." Allen, John L., Jr. "For Catholic Theology, the Future Is Global and Lay-led." National Catholic Reporter 24 Dec. 2010: 4a. Student Edition. Web. 20 Aug. 2012.

" Auguste Comte." 2012. Biography.com 20 Aug 2012, 08:57 Http://www.biography.com/people/auguste-comte-9254680

Auguste Comte. N.d. Photograph. 6sociologists.20m.com. Web. 19 Aug. 2012. <http://www.6sociologists.20m.com/comte.html>.

Berleant, Riva. "Harriet Martineau (1802-1876)." Harriet Martineau: Biography and Bibliography. N.p., 12 Dec. 2005. Web. 02 Sept. 2012. <http://www.brycchancarey.com/abolition/martineau.htm>.

Emile Durkheim. N.d. Photograph. Sociological Theory. University of Minnesota. Web. 19 Aug. 2012. <http://www.d.umn.edu/cla/faculty/jhamlin/4111/Durkheim%20-%20Division%20of%20Labor_files/durkheim.html>.

Harriet Martineau. N.d. Photograph. NNDB. Web. 19 Aug. 2012. <http://www.nndb.com/people/976/000049829/>.

"Herbert Spencer (1820-1903)." Herbert Spencer (1820-1903). N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Aug. 2012. <http://www.victorianweb.org/philosophy/spencer/spencer.html>.

Herbert Spencer. N.d. Photograph. Wikipedia. Web. 19 Aug. 2012. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Herbert_Spencer>.

"Jane Addams - Biography." Nobelprize.org. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Aug. 2012. <http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1931/addams-bio.html>.

Jane Addams. N.d. Photograph. Nobelprize.org. Web. 1 Sept. 2012. <http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1931/addams-bio.html>.

Jones, Robert A. "Emile Durkheim's Life and Works (1857-1917)." Emile Durkheim: An Introduction to Four Major Works. N.p.: n.p., 1986. 12-23. Emile Durkheim's Life and Works (1857-1917). Web. 20 Aug. 2012.
<http://durkheim.uchicago.edu/Biography.html>.

Karl Marx. N.d. Photograph. Osho on Karl Marx and Communism. Web. 19 Aug. 2012. <http://www.messagefrommasters.com/Osho/osho/Osho-on-Karl-Marx-Communism.html>.

Kim, Sung Ho. "Max Weber." Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Ed. Edward N. Zalta. N.p., 2012. Web. 02 Sept. 2012. <http://plato.stanford.edu.ezproxy.vccs.edu:2048/entries/weber/>.

Kreis, Steven. "Karl Marx, 1818-1883." The History Guide. N.p., 30 Jan. 2008. Web. 02 Sept. 2012. <http://www.historyguide.org/intellect/marx.html>.

"A List of Famous Herbert Spencer Quotes." Ranker. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Aug. 2012. <http://www.ranker.com/list/a-list-of-famous-herbert-spencer-quotes/reference>.

Miller, Florence F. Harriet Martineau. Boston: Roberts Brothers, 1885. Famous Women. Ebook.

"Sadness_does_not_inhere_in_things_it_does." Columbia World of Quotations. Columbia University Press, 1996. 20 Aug. 2012. .
Shepard, Jon M., and Robert W. Greene. Sociology & You. New York: Glencoe/McGraw Hill, 2008. Print.

" W.E.B. Du Bois." 2012. Biography.com 02 Sep 2012, 07:14 Http://www.biography.com/people/web-du-bois-9279924

W.E.B. DuBois. N.d. Photograph. Biography.com. Web. 2 Sept. 2012. <http://www.biography.com/people/web-du-bois-9279924>.

Weber, Max. Photograph. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Web. 3 Sep. 2012.
Believed that the poor deserved to be poor and the rich deserved to be rich Did not believe in social reform because it messed with natural selection Survival of the fittest "The ultimate result of shielding
men from the effects of folly,
is to fill the world with fools." Beliefs: society exists based on agreement among its members "Sadness does not inhere in things; it does not reach us from the world and through mere contemplation of the world. It is a product of our own thought. We create it out of whole cloth." sociology has two parts: social statics (the stability of a society) and social dynamics (the changes in a society) society operates by its own set of rules morality to be center of political organization positivism: knowledge should be attained by scientific observation compared society to the human body preindustrial society based on mechnaical solidarity industrial society based on organic solidarity human behavior in society based on social facts not just psychological ones women were oppressed because they lacked economic power identified several social classes and predicted two would emerge from these
Bourgeoisie (capitalists)
Proletariat (worker class) class conflict would cause classless society planned revolution would speed change to communism explained capitalism in order to speed its downfall capitalism's self-destruction inevitable Max Weber Birthday: 1864
Deathday: 1920
Nationality: German
Childhood: Parents of opposing religions; suffered mental breakdown because of controversy between the two
Known for: Influence on the development of sociological theory
Books: THE PROTESTANT ETHIC AND THE SPIRT OF CAPITALISM
Did you know? He was a descendant of the Huguenot line through his mother. Beliefs Verstehen: understanding other's views by putting oneself in their shoes Rationalization: emphasized reason and knowledge to prevent biases affecting investigations wrote on the nature of power and religion in society Humans react to events based on their own understanding created positive model of bureaucracy that was efficient in business and government Jane Addams Birthday: September 6, 1860
Death-day: May 21, 1935
Nationality: American
Childhood: Grew up with wealthy father and 8 siblings; her mother died when Jane was 2 years old
Known as: Social worker because worked directly with the poor
Education: Women's Medical College, Philidelphia (dropped out because ill)
Did you know? She became the official garbage inspector for the 19th Ward in Chicago; annual pay $1,000. Beliefs and Accomplishments Co-founded Hull House believed there was an imbalance of power between wealthy and workers active participant in woman's suffrage movement Nobel Peace Prize 1931 sought social justice W.E.B DuBois Birth-year: 1863
Death-year: 1963
Nationality: African American
Childhood: grew up in Massachusetts lively freely among the whites
Known for: Co-founded NAACP
Education: First African American to graduate from Great Bourrington, Mass. Attended Fisk University, Tennessee and Harvard
Did you know? 1st African American to receive a doctorate degree from Harvard Beliefs: Believed in equality for all (including blacks and women) Studied social structures of African Americans Dedicated to Pan Africa movement Analyzed social interactions of those who thought the African race to be below themselves supported emancipation of women and slaves “The essence of immorality is the tendency to make an exception of myself.” feminist feminist "The worker becomes all the poorer the more wealth he produces, the more his production increases in power and range." "The fate of our times is characterized by rationalization and intellectualization and, above all, by the disenchantment of the world." "To be a poor man is hard, but to be a poor race in a land of dollars is the very bottom of hardships." http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YXw5jhn9LAY "When three senses out of five are deficient the difficulty of cheerful living is great, and the terms of life are truly hard."
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