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Jessica Towell's Identity Map, ENG 4U

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Jessica Towell

on 18 January 2012

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Transcript of Jessica Towell's Identity Map, ENG 4U

Questions About Life

My Words

Simile: I am as angry as a hornet

Metaphor: I am a raging bull running at a red flag
Simile: Anger is like a stew, if you add to much to the pot it will eventually boil over.

Metaphor: My anger is a load of laundry, if I don't deal with it it will eventually pile up.
Song Analysis
Figurative vs. Literal Language
A metaphor is a direct comparison between two seemingly unrelated things. Anything not said literally could be a metaphor, such as "You're a Firework!" from Katy Perry's song, which might mean "I have lots of potential".
A simile is any comparison between two seemingly unrelated things, using the words "like" or "as". For example "You are as cool as a cucumber".
Which is strongest?
Figurative language is anything that is not meant literally. Similes, metaphors, and personification are all examples of figurative language.
The opposite of figurative language is literal language. Literal language means exactly what is implied. It is going to do exactly what is said. For example: I will eat this delicious chocolate bar!
"Battlefield" by Jordan Sparks
This song has the simile "why does love always feel like a battlefield" repeating throughout the song. It is a simile because it uses "like" to compare love (the tenor) to a battlefield (the vehicle).

A simile is considered an indirect comparison, so in the line "why does love always feel like a battlefield" you are saying that love and battlefields share some characteristics, but aren't the same thing.

The song as a whole does a good job of the comparison, even though people have argued that similes are weaker. There are other metaphors used within the song that support the idea that love is like a battlefield.

For example, "I'm out here without a shield"(Sparks, L8) is a metaphor. The shield is a metaphor for the imaginary wall she puts up when she is trying to hide her feelings, she is saying she feels vulnerable because she doesn't have her shield with her anymore. The reference to a shield supports the idea that love is like a battlefield because knights carry shields for protection.

"Neither of us want to raise that flag" (Sparks, L19) is also a metaphor. Raising a flag symbolizes surrendering in a battlefield. She means that no one wants to admit that they were wrong and apologize.

"Better go and get your armor"(Sparks, L30) is another metaphor that reminds us of a battlefield because knights wear armor for protection during a fight. The artist doesn't mean that he should literally go and get his armor, they mean that it is clear this fight is going to continue and he should go prepare for it.
"Love is a Battlefield" by Pat Benetar
This song's title is a metaphor that is directly comparing "love"(the tenor) to a "battlefield"(the vehicle).
Simile vs. Metaphor
A good piece of literature avoids cliched similes and metaphors. It comes across as insincere to say something like "I would travel to the end of the world for you" because it is overdone, therefore the metaphor is no longer personal.
Jessica's iDentity Map
A metaphor is considered stronger because it is a direct comparison. When you say "Love is a Battlefield" you are saying love has all the aspects of a battlefield so it could be interpreted differently by many people.
For example, "Heartache to heartache we stand, no promises,no demands" (Benatar, L2-3) is a metaphor. It is saying that there are no rules in love, anything goes, just like a free-for-all fight in a battlefield. This is my interpretation but someone else may have a different approach to the lyrics.
"You're making me to go, you're begging me to stay"(Benatar, L7) means that love is confusing, people fight and someone ends up getting hurt. This makes us think of a battlefield where people go to fight.
"But I'm trapped by your love, and I'm chained to your side"(Benatar, L12) is a metaphor meaning her mind is telling her to leave but her heart is what is keeping her here. This can be compared to a battlefield because your mind knows its dangerous but your heart and pride for your country keeps you there.
These are my interpretations, but may be different from someone else's. This is why metaphors in songs tend to be stronger.
I imagined a medieval time period for the battlefield described in this song. I imagined a duel between two people, carrying a shield and sword while dressed in body armor because of the imagery in the song.
Love is a Battlefield:
I imagined a modern day battlefield filled with young soldiers with helmets and guns. When I listened to the line "we are young, heartache to heartache" I thought of the young men enlisted in the war that have loved ones at home they are missing.
Archetypes are universal symbols that we can all understand and communicate with. Our language itself are just symbols that we associate with real life objects.
Archetypes can be found in books, movies etc. They can be characters, symbols, storylines etc. Common archetypes include "the hero" and "the evil stepmother"
You can probably predict the ending to a movie because it contains archetypes! Storylines are repeated over and over in movies, books, tv shows etc. For example Little Red Riding Hood is an archetype that has been retold through many generations. *Tip* You can tell a lot about a society by looking at what parts of the story they included in their tale. Ex. In which versions did Little Red Riding Hood die?
Remember that symbolism is anything that has a deeper meaning then what is first assumed. Almost all literature has some sort of symbolism.
Tip! The author chose certain words for a reason. When analyzing literature look for certain colours or objects. Nature also is used to foreshadow events.
You're answers can never be wrong as long as you are clear and have plenty of evidence to support your opinion.
Fifth Business
Question #1
Question #2
Question #3
Question #4
Hagiography is the name given to that branch of learning which has the saints and their worship for its object. Simply put, it is the writing and study of the lives of the saints.
The meaning of the title Fifth Business is explained to us in the introductory chapter of the book. In Gail Godwin's review he decribes Fifth Business as "the one who knows the secret's of the hero's birth or comes to the assistance of the heroine when she thinks all is lost, or keeps the hermitess in her cell, or may even be the cause of somebody's death if that is part of the plot."(Godwin, x). Godwin is referring to Fifth Business as an archetypal character that plays an important role in the development of the plot. There are more commonly known archetypes such as the hero or the villian who play a more obvious role in stories, but the Fifth Business character is always in the background. He innocently influences other characters around him, thus he is an essential part of what makes a plot successful.
The novel Fifth Business includes Gail Godwin's review of the book in its introduction. He gives us a brief overview of the novel's plot and his own interpretation of the text. Godwin states that "inside Dustan Ramsay, as in the case with each of us, is the other story, the one that goes deeper down, into the mythical and spiritual dimensions of humankind, and Ramsay, offended by the poorly written and shallow tribute to himself, is at last compelled to reveal this inner story."(Godwin, ix). It is signifigant that this is placed in the introduction because it reveals a lot about the plot and themes of the novel. Dustan Ramsay is the main character who has been offended by a poorly written article about himself, so he is going to tell us his story from his point of view, and try to connect with us on a deeper level. He talks about myths and humankind, both of which are themes we have studied so far in this course. It suggests that we will be returning to the role of archetypes and the theme of myth v.s reality. It is also signifigant to how we view our lives because it suggests that we all have stories that have a deeper meaning then what is first perceived. This passage intrigues the reader and encourages them to continue reading the novel.
The introduction to the novel Fifth Business quotes a meaningful passage from the main character Dustan Ramsay. He states that “Everybody wants a Christ for himself and those who think like him. Very well, am I at fault for wanting a Christ who will show me how to be an old man?”(Godwin, xi). This passage describes a character that is asking for someone who will guide him through a long life. The text includes that allusion to Christ to represent this. Jesus Christ is a biblical figure whose purpose is to guide and help others, and this archetypal symbol has had an effect on society by reappearing in many novels, movies, and songs. In Depeche Mode’s version of the song Personal Jesus, the line “Someone to hear your prayers, someone who cares, your own Personal Jesus” (L 3-5) is repeated many times. In this song Jesus is described as someone who cares about you and will listen to your troubles. In Kanye West’s song Jesus Walks, the lyrics repeatedly state that “Jesus walks with me” (L 5). In this song, the writers are suggesting Jesus lives within each of us. Finally, in Green Day’s hit Jesus of Suburbia, the beginning line “I’m the son of rage and love, the Jesus of Suburbia” (L1-2) describes Jesus as someone capable of both great love and rage. According to the lyrics of each of these songs Jesus is someone different to each of them. In society, Jesus is the archetypal symbol that is used to represent hope and help others succeed.
Mind Map and Oral Link
Ghost Response
Hamlet Notes
Towell 1
Towell 2
Towell 3
Towell 4
Towell 5
Towell 6
Hamlet Essay

Unit One:
Song Analysis, Identity Map, Archetype Essay
Unit Two:
Appearance vs. Reality Essay, Mind Map, Oral Response
Unit Three:
Garden Party Seminar, Shakespeare Sonnet Seminar (Individual and Group), Hamlet Essay and Notes
Essay and Conference, Thematic Media Product Presentation, Individual Response, Book and Play reviews

Short Stories: little red ridinghood, as birds bring forth the sun
Fifth Business
Pride and Prejudice
Summer and Smoke


sentence structure
diction (variety of formal language)
clarity of arguements
understanding of themes (appearance vs. reality, identity, love)
understanding of terminology (ex. archetypes, allusions, metaphors)

Visual Components
time and effort
clear message

work on clarity and volume of voice
work on eye contact
all presentations had a smooth flow and were completed, right length

What I learned from this course:
Proper MLA format and the correct way to cite all information, even if it is paraphrased, to avoid plagerism.

Effective use of quotes in essays: sometimes it is more effective to use small quotes and meaningful quotes to form a persuasive argument.

Using quotes to prove that an event happened can be replaced by plot citations.

Quotes that have literary devices or a deeper meaning can strengthen an arguement.

A deeper understanding of how to analyze a piece and search for allegorical messages.
Full transcript