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Active Voice VS Passive Voice

Here we'll learn about active and passive voice and the importance of them in the TOEFL test :D
by

Jeanette Josue

on 20 October 2012

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Transcript of Active Voice VS Passive Voice

Active Voice
VS
Passive Voice Active
Voice The active voice is the "normal" voice.
This is the voice that we use most of the time. You are probably already familiar with the active voice. In the active voice, the object receives the action of the verb.
For example: The fishes swim in the river.
The whale breaths air. So, it's important to learn the structure of the Active Voice

First, We must have a Subject, a Verb (in present, simple past, future or ING form), and a complement. My sister doesn't smoke with her friends

Mamma duck loves its kids. What or Who receives the action of the verb? It's important that we identify correctly the object.
To identify the object, we must ask this: The Object The Hen lays eggs Subject Verb Object Passive
Voice The passive voice is less usual. In the passive voice, the subject receives the action of the verb.
For Example: Special shoes are used
by the ballerinas. The passive voice is usually accompanied with the preposition "by" and the subject that realizes the action of the main verb.
For example: The fishes are eaten by seals
Object
Verb in Passive Voice
Preposition By
Subject To make the verb in passive form, we have to do this:

Put the verb to be as an auxiliary verb: Will be/ Would be/ Is being / Were/ Are / Is...
Main Verb in Past Perfect Verb in Passive Form For example:
Is used Were moved
Was Made Are drunk
Is Being played
Subject + Auxiliary Verb (be) + Main verb (past participle)

The main verb is ALWAYS in its past participle form. Structure of Passive Voice For example:
My money is saved in my piggy.
It is being washed.
We use the passive when:
We want to make the active object more important
We do not know the active subject For example:
President Kennedy was killed by Lee Harvey Oswald.
The treasure has been stolen.
Full transcript