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Transcript of European Unity
EUROPEAN UNITY Republics were reestablished in France, West Germany, and Italy to recover Western European politics. There were also constitutional monarchies that
were restored in countries such as Belgium, Holland,
and Norway. Governments that consisted of multiparty politics and shifting parlimentary coalitions began to take shape again and thrive, which began the growth of Democratic governments Religious groups such as Christian Democrates were dedicated to rebuilding Europe. The cooperation among the European States and nations led to the creation of the Organization of European Economic Cooperation (OEEC), and the Council of Europe in 1948. The Council of Europe was established by European
Federalists in hopes that they would evolve into a European Parliament that could establish soveregin rights, but failed to accomplish any of these goals. Great Britain opposed giving any political power to a council. This was also believed by many Nationalistis and and Communists.
Federalists Federalists felt very frustrated by the direct approach to politics, so they looked towards economics as a way of working towards economic unity. Jean Monnet and Robert Schuman, French statesman, led the way by calling for an International Committee that would control and integrate all of the steel and coal production for European Nations. The goals were to establish a steel and coal market that was free from tarrifs and join 6 nations closely related in their economy that it would be impossible for war to happen between them. In 1957 six nations from across Europe signed the Treaty of
Rome. This Treaty established European Community, or better known as the Common Market. The goals were similar to the ones of Jean Monnet and Robert Schuman wtih the addition of free movement of capital and labor, and economic policies and institutions. Common Market was a great sucess that encouraged companies and regions in Europe to specialize in their feilds that they excelled in. Robert Schuman (right), Jean Monnet (left) The Council of Europe is one of the oldest international organisations in the word that is working towards European integration. It places particular emphasis on legal standards, human rights, democratic development, and the rule of law. Council of Europe logo Council of Europe Flag The Council of Europe was founded on 5 May 1949 by Belgium, Denmark, France, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Sweden and the United Kingdom. Greece and Turkey joined three months later, and Iceland and Germany the next year. It now has 47 member states, with Montenegro being the latest to join. The six states that founded the EEC were France, West Germany, Italy and the three Benelux countries: Belgium, the Netherlands and Luxembourg. The European Community was later enlarged to include six additional states and was institutioned the power to governed the: European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) and European Atomic Energy Community (EAEC or Euratom).