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Ch.6 The Web of Institutional Racism
Transcript of Ch.6 The Web of Institutional Racism
"Why haven't the various minority groups been able to eliminate racism after so many centuries?"
-Better (ch.6 pg. 113)
So, what do you think? Why haven't minorities won the battle against racism?
Major institutions are now made with an exchange system where policies, practices, and procedures reinforce racist patterns.
What does that mean?
~social institutions work together as a whole
~the majority white male leaders of the country "have each other's back" and build institutions with a racist framework
The Web Explained
The Saga of Franklin and Jose
Institutional racism > education
“everyone is a little bit racist”
Pages 116- 119
Living areas that are commonly designated for minorities were the “undesirable” places to live
Reasons why the residents live in those areas is because they can not afford to move out or feel constrained to stay in that area
= “in reality” or “being in effect though not formally recognized
De facto apartheid
= includes the reality of segregation in housing that while illegal, was still practiced
Life chances= opportunities available to a person
positive life chances are good education, adequate health care, and a well-paying job
The neighborhood a person lives in is what determines the quality of their education
“ Minorities restricted to certain living areas, often regardless of income, have their life chances curtailed by the quality of the schools in their neighborhood”
Even when people stay out of “trouble” they still have trouble finding “quality” jobs
have not been arrested, stayed out of gangs, etc..
If the people from these areas go looking for a job, they most likely will not have a car, no computer understanding, or even proper training to go and get a job that pays more then minimum wage.
When individuals who live in poverty get minimum waged jobs they continue the cycle of urban racism for their children
“desperate times call for desperate measures”
they turn to whatever is “easy” money just to survive
most minorities live in concentration
“exposed to inadequate living conditions, exposed to high levels of violence,… inadequate social services… and they lack the abundance of role models.”
- From the moment they start their lives they are at a disadvantage because of the surroundings in which they live
Barios, ghetto, and Chinatowns are defined by the community as inadequate housing
“ Chinese did not live in “Chinatowns” because they preferred to, but rather because ownership of property was restricted”
Racial membership and class determines if someone receives high quality education
“ their inadequate education and ignorance of the work world is a direct outcome from living in an isolated low income community”
Waiting for Superman (Documentary)
Art or science concerning or guiding governmental or public policy.
Any procedure or plan embracing the general goals of a governmental body
Synonymous with Governmental Policy
What Types of public polices affect our lives both young and old?
Can Public Policy be perfect?
Governmental Policies determine funds allocated for public housing.
Public Policy determines funds allocated for the education system.
Disproportionate funds allocated for different schools
Franklin and Jose
Less chance to get materials/teaching needed to succeed.
More Social pressure to earn $.
-Not able to fall back on outside financial support
-Lack of exposure to computers can lead to lack of skills needed to attain employment
Some Public Policies overtly exclude or include groups
CA Prop 209
-Would deny residency status for college to
undocumented persons effectively tripling their tuition
K-12 US Students
-Supreme Court found it to be unconstitutional.
-Minorities disproportionately poor in US society, more likely to be completely dependent on government health care.
Rich pay for excellent health care Poor receive only what government can provide.
-Public Policy reduced free health care to undocumented persons
-In areas on the East/West Coast UD people make up more then 50% of its population.
Disconnect between the composition of majority voters and the composition of the general population.
“Harbinger for this trend of Political Apartheid”
Majority of its voters are whiter, more affluent, more education than the majority of its population.
-2/3 Voters over 45
-Contrasts diverse upcoming younger majority population
Very large state with diverse population.
De Facto Legal Practices
Disproportionately appropriated convictions and punishments bearing down on minorities.
-Rock vs. Powder Cocaine De Facto?
Prison vs. Probation (House Arrest)
Sentencing Prison time.
Access to work programs
Three Strikes Law
-Combine this law with disproportionate convictions and its clear minorities bear a greater danger.
-Poverty, financial pressure can influence illegal activity
Limitation to Web Theory
Many people from low income minority communities escape the Webs Grasp regardless of:
Suggests personal fortitude and individual effort role models and social support can lead to a well paying job.
The web describes the invisible interlacing barriers that prevent minorities from partaking in the opportunities in America
The web suggests that social institutions are made with built-in systems of action to catch and reduce chances of growth to individuals of a minority race.
- minorities have a road block that prevents the chances of growing and reaching equality with upper and middle class whites in housing, education, employment, and politics
two hypothetical infants
one African American and one latino
Franklin and Jose
-Both healthy and above-average intelligence
-Both born in county public hospital=born to working class family
As we learned in previous chapters that institutions in this country distribute unfairly, minorities and poor receive the least desirable goods and services.