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Canadian Government/ Elections Lesson (s) Grade 5/6

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Transcript of Canadian Government/ Elections Lesson (s) Grade 5/6

Canadian Government/ Elections Lessons 4/5/6
Curriculum Connection
-Levels of government (5)
-Participation in Canada's systems of government (5)
-Laws Systems of Government in past civilizations. (6)

(BC Curriculum)




Canadian Government Facts
-There are 4 main political parties. They are the NDP, Conservatives, Liberals and Greens.
Ridings
Cities are divided up into ridings. This is an example of how Surrey could possibly be divided up into ridings.
Example
Image by goodtextures: http://fav.me/d2he3r8
-Canadians have elections every four years.
-The leader of the country is the Prime Minister. The Prime Minister is the leader of the party that wins the election. What party does our PM lead?
-People run for political parties. They run in different areas called ridings. Whoever wins the riding becomes a Member of Parliament (MP) for the party that they ran for.
-Whichever party gets the most MP (or MLAs in Provincial elections) elected wins the election. (There are 308 seats in total)
A Candidate for each major
political party will run in each riding.

A political party is a group of people with
similiar ideas who run in an election and hope to
win and form government.

Lets say in Surrey- Port Kells Riding 4 people ran. (This is made up)
Results
Jim Rick = Conservative Party 5,556 votes
Alas Patty
= Liberal Party
votes
Jesse Sim = NDP
4737 votes
Mary Wong = Green Party 900 votes
Who won this riding? So what party won the seat in this riding? Does this mean that the party that won this seat/ riding won the election?
Note= There are 338 seats
in all of Canada. Whichever party
wins the most of these seats forms government.
The leader of that party becomes PM. You do
not directly vote for the PM. In some countries
like the United States you vote directly for the
President.

Video Clip From Election Night 2011
Questions
-Which party won the most seats and formed government?

-Which party came in second place?

(Note; The party that comes in second place becomes the official opposition)
How Government Works
Key Ideas Reviewed.

-The party that wins the most seats forms
government
. The leader of that party becomes PM.

-The party that won the second most seats becomes the
official opposition
party. The opposition's job is to challenge the government.

-If you win your
riding
you sit in the House of Commons as an MP.
-Governments job is to make laws (first called bills before it becomes a law) and decide how to spend tax dollars.
Picture of the House of Commons.
The government sits on one side. The
Opposition parties sit on the other side.

During question period the government and
opposition parties debate ideas.
Video on Canadian Elections (Review)
Question Period
In question period the
government and opposition parties sit in the House of Commons and debate ideas and possible laws. This can get heated at times!
Notice that MP don't directly
talk to each other. They address
each other though the speaker of the house.
The speaker is sitting in the big chair and tries
to keep order in the house, as things can often get heated.
Our System of Government (Constitutional Monarch)
Head of State= Queen
(Appoints the Governor General)
Governor General= Represents the Queen, dissolves parliament, reads throne speeches, gives royal assent to bills
Prime Minister = appoints senators, and selects the cabinet.
Senate= looks at bills before they become laws. They may make recommendations.
MPs= They make and discuss bills. Bills are proposed laws that have not been passed yet.
Parliament Buildings in Ottawa
During an election campaign political parties will have debates, put up lawn signs and run advertisements trying to encourage you to vote for their party and convince you that the other parties should not form government. They also come up with a platform that says what they will do. Here is an example of a leaders debate in the 2015 election.
The leaders of each party
debates important issues with each other. The
debate is televised or available online.
Canadians watch these debates in order
to help them decide which party to vote for.
Levels of Government
Every city such as Surrey and Vancouver have their own government. The government of a city is called a
municipal
government. The leader of the city (is the
Mayor
)
Vancouver city hall.
Mayor of Vancouver
Municipal Government: City
What do you think that the Municipal Government of each city is responsible for?
Surrey City Hall
Municipal Government
Responsibilities
Libraries
Parks
Community Events
Transit
Recreation
Territorial/Provincial
Government
This government runs the province. The leader of the province is called the
Premier.
What do you think our provincial government is responsible for?
Provincial/ Territorial Government
Federal Government
The Federal Government is responsible for all of Canada. The leader is the
Prime Minister
.
What do you think the Federal Government
is in charge of?
Federal Government
Treasury
Immigration
Environment
Justice
Levels of Government
Who Does What Song
4845
Getting To Know Canada's Main Political Parties and Campaigns

Canada's Main Parties are

The Conservative Party

The Liberal Party

The NDP

The Green Party
The Conservative Party
Party Leader (Prime Minister) of Canada


Stephen Harper

-Governing Party

Believes in
-Low taxes for business and citizens
-Supports Business
-Strong Canadian Forces
-Tougher sentencing for crime
Official Opposition Party
Leader=
Thomas Mulcair

Believes in
-Clean environment
-Helping the poor
-Social Services (Childcare, support
to help those looking for jobs, new
Canadians etc.)
-National Childcare
-$15 an hour minimum
wage
Leader=
Justin Trudeau
Believes in..
-Helping poor
-Strong economy but must also protect
environment
-Strong health care and childcare
-Crime prevention
-Leader of the Party=
Elizabeth May
-Small party. Only won one riding
-Main focus is on protecting the environment, but they have other policies too.
-Better transportation (buses)
Who to Vote For?
During an election
campaign
(every 4-5 years) the leaders of the four main political parties travel all across Canada. All four leaders want their party to win the election so they can become Prime Minister.

-Their job is to convince as many Canadians possible to vote for them

How do they do this?
TV ads
-Leaders debates
-Speeches/ election signs
-By meeting people
-Talking to the media and convincing Canadians that
their party has the best ideas.
-Having a platform (ideas)
Lets Look at Some Election Ads by Each Party
Election adds do two things
1) Tell why you should vote for them
2) Tell why you should not vote for the other party.
Note: The Green Party is a small
party with little money so often they cannot afford to run lots of advertisements
Election Ads
Liberal Party
Conservative Party
NDP Ads
Attack Ads

During an Election Campaign the leaders of each party also travel around the country and hold
rallies
in which they tell their supporters what they will do if they win
When The Election is over and the results are in the leader of each party gives a speech to their supporters (Both the winning party and the parties that lost). They usually thank their supporters and wish their opponents the best.
The Conservative Party won the last election

-The victory speech

Class Election
Who would You vote for?
I Hope You Learned
A Lot About Elections
Please Note: BC Liberal Party is a different party
Please Note: BC NDP
is a different party that runs
only in the BC election
What Party Won the Most Ridings Here?
Cons=Blue
Libs=Red
NDP=Orange
Full transcript