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Transcript of Pacific Theater
Table of Contents
Page: Pacific Theater
Page: The Atom Bomb
I will assess America's decisions during the War in the Pacific
Pacific Theater (1941-1945)
Island Hopping Campaign
Japanese Surrender (1945)
Atomic Bomb (Aug. 1945)
Executive Order 9066 - Japanese Internment
Inscribed on Hiroshima Memorial:
"Let all the souls here rest in peace; this mistake shall not be repeated."
"If we'd lost the war, we'd all have been prosecuted as war criminals." - General Curtis LeMay
-Hiroshima & Nagasaki bombed in August 1945
-Little Boy - nuclear weapon created by Manhattan Project in secret
Was America's decision to drop the atomic bomb on Japan justified? Use evidence from your "details sheet" to construct your essay.
Was it justified? (thesis + list of reasons)
Detailed reasons with evidence
Counterargument & conclusion
After Pearl Harbor, Franklin D. Roosevelt releases Executive Order 9066, to appease American fear of the Japanese by putting them in internment camps.
-Pearl Harbor, 1941
-Surprise Japanese attack on US naval base
-Battle of Midway, 1942
-Decisive US victory, US was able to decode Japanese war plans
-US sunk 4 Japanese carriers
-Philippines Campaign, 1945
-Allies take back the Philippines, "Death of Japanese Empire"
-US strategy was to isolate Japan from its colonies, "Island Hopping"
-Japan's goal was to take out US naval fleet, "awoke a sleeping giant"
-US forces fire-bombed Tokyo, huge casualties
- Japan used kamikaze techniques to blitz the American fleets
Should the United States continue building weapons of mass destruction? Why?
-Iwo Jima, 1945
-US forces fought for airstrips
-Most intense battle of the Pacific War
-US Marines fought on barren land, sneak attacks by Japanese fighting from tunnels
-82 days of brutal warfare, horrific places
-Lots of civilians lost in the crossfire (150,000 Japanese civilian casualties)
Battle Timeline, continued
-Japan Surrenders on September 2, 1945
-Never been an international trial or hearing about America's decision to drop the bomb on Japan that was successful
-Geneva Conventions, 1949